Metabolic Syndromeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-metabolicSynd-enHD-AR1.jpgMetabolic syndrome is a group of health problems that put kids at risk for heart disease and diabetes. With lifestyle changes, many kids improve their health and reduce their risk of disease.diabetes, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, hypertension, high blood sugar, high glucose, hypoglycemia, overweight, fat, obese, obesity, cholesterol, high cholesterol, triglycerides, lipids, fats, risk factors, heart disease, cardiovascular disease, kids, teens, children02/16/201012/09/201912/09/2019Chijioke Ikomi, MD11/29/201994bee442-7c12-4fe0-b2cb-4f9335c5424ehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/metabolic-syndrome.html/<h3>What Is Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Metabolic syndrome is a group of medical problems that put some children older than 10 years old at risk for heart disease and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/type2.html/">type 2 diabetes</a> as adults. These problems are:</p> <ul> <li>too much belly fat (high waist measurement)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure (hypertension)</a></li> <li>high triglycerides</li> <li>low HDL <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/">cholesterol</a> ("good cholesterol")</li> <li>high blood sugar</li> </ul> <h3>What Causes Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Being <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/">overweight</a> is the main reason that people get metabolic syndrome. Being overweight or obese causes <strong>insulin resistance</strong>. Normally, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/insulin.html/">insulin</a> helps <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/glucose.html/">glucose</a> enter the body's cells. Insulin resistance happens when the body doesn't respond properly to insulin, making it harder for glucose to enter the cells. Insulin resistance and inflammation add to the problems linked to metabolic syndrome.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>People with metabolic syndrome may have:</p> <ul> <li>high <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bmi-charts.html/">body mass index (BMI)</a> and waist circumference&nbsp;</li> <li>blood test results that show high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, or high fasting blood sugar</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acanthosis.html/">acanthosis nigricans</a>. This darkening of the skin in folds and creases, like the neck and armpits, is a sign of insulin resistance.</li> </ul> <p>Other medical problems associated with metabolic syndrome and obesity include:</p> <ul> <li>fatty liver</li> <li>polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/">obstructive sleep apnea</a></li> </ul> <h3>Who Gets Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Some normal weight people can have high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. But most people with metabolic syndrome are overweight. In kids, as obesity gets worse, metabolic syndrome becomes more likely.</p> <p>Obesity and the problems associated with metabolic syndrome tend to run in families. Other things that put someone at risk for metabolic syndrome include:</p> <ul> <li>not being physically active</li> <li>a high-carbohydrate diet</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/smoking.html/">smoking</a></li> </ul> <h3>How Is Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors might suspect metabolic syndrome if an overweight or obese person has acanthosis nigricans or a family history of diabetes or heart disease. They may do:</p> <ul> <li>a BMI and waist measurement</li> <li>measure blood pressure</li> <li>blood tests, including a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-lipid-panel.html/">lipid panel</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-glucose.html/">glucose test</a>, and/or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-hba1c.html/">hemoglobin A1c</a></li> </ul> <p>Because metabolic syndrome and obesity tend to go hand-in-hand, doctors might order more tests to look for other weight-related problems, like fatty liver, PCOS, and apnea.</p> <h3>How Is Metabolic Syndrome Treated?</h3> <p>Metabolic syndrome is treated by making positive lifestyle changes. Weight loss can bring about big improvements in blood pressure, blood sugar, and lipids. Slowing the rate of weight gain or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-weight.html/">maintaining weight</a> in children who are still growing also will help.</p> <p>Families can work with their health care provider, a dietitian, or a weight management program to create healthy habits. Recommendations include:</p> <ul> <li>limiting junk food and sugary beverages</li> <li>eating more fruit and vegetables&nbsp;</li> <li>choosing whole grains</li> <li>reducing <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/screentime-bigkids.html/">screen time</a></li> <li>being more <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/exercise.html/">physically active</a></li> <li>not smoking</li> </ul> <p>When lifestyle changes aren't enough, children may need treatment for the medical problems, like hypertension. Doctors might recommend <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/wlsurgery.html/">weight loss surgery</a> for some teens with metabolic syndrome and severe obesity who do not respond to lifestyle changes.</p>Síndrome metabólicoPara no confundirlo con la enfermedad metabólica (que se produce cuando las hormonas y otros químicos del cuerpo dejan de interactuar correctamente), el síndrome metabólico describe un grupo de factores de riesgo que encamina a los niños hacia enfermedades cardíacas y diabetes tipo 2.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/metabolic-syndrome-esp.html/8a10357e-8331-4efa-abc1-bf5b57ee7728
About Overweight and ObesityWe use the words "oveweight" and "obese" a lot, but they actually have medical meanings. Find out how doctors diagnose these conditions and what they mean for a person's health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity-overweight.html/3db5b37c-b543-4171-bd34-d7d71e1a51eb
Acanthosis NigricansAcanthosis nigricans (AN) is a condition that causes the skin to thicken and darken in places. AN is not harmful or contagious, but can be a sign of certain other medical conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acanthosis.html/88676454-423c-49be-9213-28f35625f45e
Can Diabetes Be Prevented?The things you do now could help prevent diabetes later, depending on the type of diabetes. Here's the scoop on diabetes prevention.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/prevention.html/d48620b8-00b0-40c2-8a36-9fedcc901b68
CholesterolMost parents probably don't think about what cholesterol means for their kids. But high cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease, which has its roots in childhood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/b789c01d-c182-4160-8093-00bf50cd9ef3
Diabetes CenterDiabetes means a problem with insulin, an important hormone in the body. Find out how children with diabetes can stay healthy and do the normal stuff kids like to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/diabetes-center.html/0767277a-98f9-4541-b2f6-f3c68f43a94c
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)When someone has hypertension (high blood pressure), the heart has to pump harder and the arteries are under more strain as they carry blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/50aff0df-c464-4613-9fa4-6d814ba43a64
Metabolic SyndromeMetabolic syndrome is a signal that someone could be on the road to serious health problems. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/metabolic-syndrome.html/a5d09e18-81fe-412b-9dcf-733f2c67d350
Overweight and ObesityPreventing kids from becoming overweight means making choices in the way your family eats and exercises, and how you spend time together.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/3984b1ff-ca0a-46aa-889c-9bb1fb8b4884
Weight Loss SurgeryWeight loss surgery works. But it's serious stuff, both physically and emotionally. Find out about two weight loss surgery options for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bariatric.html/7fc66358-9504-4d6c-ab2a-92560014bdb7
What Being Overweight MeansBeing overweight has become a serious problem for many kids and adults. Find out what it means to be overweight in this article just for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/overweight.html/d8d5c0af-4083-4a42-88de-2b50dded661d
What's Cholesterol?Chances are, you've heard about cholesterol a lot lately, but you might be wondering what it is. Here's your chance to get the lowdown in our article just for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/cholesterol.html/738d57b9-27e3-4a2a-a244-d76a6d5ad071
When Being Overweight Is a Health ProblemA couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people are severely overweight, it can cause health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity.html/86e35f4d-c4b7-42bf-84a0-f23b54b1965a
When Blood Sugar Is Too HighToo much glucose in the blood can be unhealthy. Learn more about what to do when blood sugar is too high in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/high-blood-sugar.html/b1f31b86-0514-439b-9289-50be0310de8b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-endocrinologykh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologyAndNutritionWeightManagementkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-emergencyMedicineDiabetes Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diabetes-center/diabetes-basics/e7c6c2d5-789f-475d-bead-54cfac997f23Endocrine Glands, Growth & Diabeteshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/endocrine/587da900-34e2-43e7-a2a4-5a4ed4bc7781Heart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8b