Medical Care and Your Newbornenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P_MedCareNewborn_enHD1.jpgBy the time you hold your new baby for the first time, you've probably chosen your little one's doctor. Learn about your newborn's medical care.newborns, my child's doctor, pediatrician, prenatal visits, seeing, hearing, ears, eyes, skin, mouth, tongue, nose, smelling, heartbeats, startle, going to the doctor, testing, tests, crying, cries, height, weight, growth charts, pounds, inches, ounces, premature, hospitals, birth centers, fevers, diaper rashes, feeding, caring for my baby, on call, nurse practitioners, head circumferences, medical problems, birth, delivery, home, smoking, babyproofing, umbilical cord, immunities, immunizations, drowsiness, runny nose, diarrhea, dehydration, neonatology, neonatal, general pediatrics, CD1Neonatology, CD1Primary Care03/22/200006/26/201906/26/2019Madhu Desiraju, MD10/01/2018bbcc2be8-a088-404a-bd56-f3fc8f953710https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mednewborn.html/<p>You'll see your <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/find-ped.html/">baby's doctor</a> often during your little one's first year. Here's what to expect right after your baby arrives.</p> <h3>What Happens Right After Birth?</h3> <p>Your baby's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-hospital.html/">first exam</a> will either happen in the nursery or at your side. It includes:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>measuring weight, length, and head circumference</li> <li>taking your baby's temperature</li> <li>measuring your baby's breathing and heart rate</li> <li>watching skin color and your newborn's activity</li> <li>giving eye drops or ointment to prevent eye infections</li> <li>giving a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitamin-k-shot.html/">vitamin K shot</a> to prevent the possibility of bleeding</li> </ul> <p>Your baby will get a first bath, and the umbilical cord stump will be cleaned. Most hospitals and birthing centers give information to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/guide-parents.html/">new parents</a> on&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feednewborn.html/">feeding</a>, bathing, and other important parts of newborn care.</p> <h3>What Happens When the Doctor Visits?</h3> <p>The hospital or birth center where you deliver will notify your child's doctor of the birth. A pediatrician or your baby's doctor will be standing by to take care of the baby if:</p> <ul> <li>you had any medical problems during pregnancy</li> <li>your baby might have a medical problem</li> <li>you have a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/c-sections.html/">C-section</a></li> </ul> <p>The doctor you chose for your newborn will examine your baby within 24 hours of birth. This is a good time to ask questions about your baby's care.</p> <p>A sample of your baby's blood (usually done by pricking the baby's heel) will be <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-screening-tests.html/">screened</a> for some diseases. It's important to diagnose these at birth so treatment can begin right away.</p> <h3>What Happens at the First Office Visit?</h3> <p>Your newborn will have an exam at the doctor's office within&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-2weeks.html/">3 to 5 days</a>&nbsp;of birth. During the first office visit, your doctor will check your baby in a few ways. Your doctor will probably:</p> <ul> <li>measure weight, length, and head circumference</li> <li>observe your newborn's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sensenewborn.html/">vision, hearing</a>, and reflexes</li> <li>do a complete physical exam</li> <li>ask how you're doing with the new baby and how your baby is eating and sleeping</li> <li>talk about what you can expect in the coming month</li> <li>discuss your home environment and how it could affect your baby (for example, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/secondhand-smoke.html/">smoking</a> in the house can harm your baby's health in many ways)</li> </ul> <p>You also might talk about the results of the screening tests done right after birth, if they're ready. Jot down any instructions about special baby care, and bring up your questions or concerns. Keep a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medhist.html/">medical record</a> for your baby that includes information about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-growth.html/">growth</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">immunizations</a>, medicines, and any problems or illnesses.</p> <h3>What About Vaccines?</h3> <p>A baby is born with some natural immunity against infectious diseases. That's because the mother's infection-preventing antibodies are passed through the umbilical cord. This immunity is temporary. But babies will develop their own immunity against many infectious diseases. For instance, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breast-bottle-feeding.html/">breastfed</a> babies get antibodies and enzymes in breast milk that help protect them from some infections and even some allergic conditions.</p> <p>Infants should get their first shot of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepb-vaccine.html/">hepatitis B vaccine</a> in the hospital within 24 hours of birth. Babies will get more vaccines in the coming months based on a standard <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immunization-chart.html/">immunization schedule</a>.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor if you have concerns about your newborn. These problems can be common during this first month:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>One or both <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tear-duct-obstruct-surgery.html/">tear ducts</a> can get blocked and cause eye problems. Normally the ducts open on their own before too long, usually by the baby's first birthday. But sometimes they stay clogged, which can cause tearing and eye discharge. Call your doctor if you suspect an eye infection.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">Fever</a> in a newborn (rectal temperature above 100.4&deg;F or 38&deg;C) should be reported to your doctor right away.</li> <li>A runny nose can make it hard for a baby to breathe well, especially during feeding. You can help ease discomfort by using a rubber bulb aspirator to gently suction mucus from the nose. Call your doctor if you have concerns about your baby's breathing.</li> <li>It's normal for newborns to have loose stools (poop) or to spit up after feedings. But very loose and watery stools and forceful vomiting could mean there is a problem. Call your doctor if your baby: <ul> <li>has <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> <li>is <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a></li> <li>has signs of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>, such as fewer wet diapers, a dry mouth, and being very sluggish or drowsy</li> </ul> </li> </ul>La atención médica y su recién nacidoEs posible que ya haya tenido una visita prenatal con el futuro pediatra de su hijo para hablar sobre aspectos específicos, como cuándo verá al recién nacido por primera vez, su horario de consulta y de atención de llamadas, quien lo substituye cuando no está en el consultorio y cómo se atienden las emergencias que ocurren fuera del horario de visitas. Es posible que también conozca la opinión del pediatra sobre algunas cuestiones.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/mednewborn-esp.html/de7d663a-faec-422d-802d-02f2cf1f6f3a
Bringing Your Baby HomeWhether your baby comes home from the hospital right away, arrives later, or comes through an adoption agency, homecoming is a major event.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bringing-baby-home.html/b43e8691-e12e-49d8-aae2-84581fe5e74a
Choosing Safe Baby ProductsChoosing baby products can be confusing, but one consideration must never be compromised: your little one's safety.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/products.html/415febdd-eb0a-4f8a-b7d3-34ed61b7509c
Communication and Your NewbornFrom birth, your newborn has been communicating with you. Crying may seem like a foreign language, but soon you'll know what your baby needs - a diaper change, a feeding, or your touch.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cnewborn.html/804c85f1-c9ab-4f9a-b025-1d0c3005e81a
Feeding Your NewbornThese guidelines on breastfeeding and bottle feeding can help you know what's right for you and your baby.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feednewborn.html/31c4eb38-d266-4e5a-b06b-c7ee09d8ced8
How Vaccines Help (Video)Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine-video.html/381d8b32-8c56-41c1-b6b5-247544dcac7e
Learning, Play, and Your NewbornPlay is the primary way that infants learn how to move, communicate, socialize, and understand their surroundings. And during the first month of life, your baby will learn by interacting with you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/learnnewborn.html/43b40b93-3a6c-4eb0-9bdf-7cf7662f3a2f
Medical Care and Your 1- to 3-Month-OldYou probably have lots of questions about your baby's health. When should you call the doctor, and what medical care should you expect for your baby at this age?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/med13m.html/8da68fe2-1903-46c2-aafd-c045d97f66d7
Medical Care and Your 4- to 7-Month-OldBecause your baby begins to show his or her personality during these months, your questions may move from simple sleeping and eating concerns to those about physical and social development.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/med47m.html/c32d222a-bdc8-48ce-aa57-0f6c2d8a4439
Medical Care and Your 8- to 12-Month-OldAs your baby becomes more independent, you may have questions about how to prevent bumps and bruises. Here are some other topics you'll cover with your doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/med812m.html/3e2e23a4-6e5f-415b-b0a6-b2c5d10115c9
Movement, Coordination, and Your NewbornIt may seem like all babies do is sleep, eat, and cry, but their little bodies are making many movements, some of which are reflexes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/movenewborn.html/bc155a68-b011-44aa-8599-a1f5e773df0a
Pregnancy & Newborn CenterAdvice and information for expectant and new parents.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/pregnancy-center.html/c58d014a-89a3-4c90-8b54-c9cadf5d6016
Sleep and Your NewbornNewborn babies don’t yet have a sense of day and night. They wake often to eat – no matter what time it is.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleepnewborn.html/4f31c9a3-e06c-4c79-9823-95b98e46ec43
Your Newborn's GrowthA newborn's growth and development is measured from the moment of birth. Find out if your baby's size is normal, and what to expect as your baby grows.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/grownewborn.html/e0ab9fc0-9148-43ec-b047-e05f68aa23a8
Your Newborn's Hearing, Vision, and Other SensesYour newborn is taking in first sights, sounds, and smells while learning to explore the world through the senses. What are your baby's responses to light, noise, and touch?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sensenewborn.html/d9135684-7436-441f-940c-f50074b15494
kh:age-babyZeroToOnekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsNewborn Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-care/92cfa6ea-2e13-47d8-a2c6-6678383a3c14Medical Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/medical/58c81291-e7c3-497a-a68c-727ac2678718Medical Care & Your Babyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-newborn/medical-care/df3dfd7e-c2c0-428d-9bad-86c3f01847fe