Medical Care and Your 13- to 18-Year-Oldenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-medCare13To18-enHD-AR1.jpgRegular visits help your teen's doctor keep track of changes in physical, mental, and social development. The doctor can also help your teen understand the importance of choosing a healthy lifestyle.medical care, taking my child to the doctor, what happens at the doctor's office, going to the doctor, physical examinations, exam rooms, physical growth and developments, sexual developments, emotional growth, emotions and behaviors, well-child exams, talking to the doctor, CD1Primary Care05/18/200006/26/201906/26/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD06/17/20191802e35d-4e4e-4431-b044-c4d761eecf9bhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical-care-13-18.html/<p>By meeting yearly with your teen, the doctor can keep track of changes in physical, mental, and social development and offer advice about avoiding&nbsp;unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking and drinking.</p> <p>The doctor also can help your teen understand the importance of choosing a healthy lifestyle that includes good nutrition, proper exercise, and safety measures.</p> <p>The more that teens understand about their physical growth and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-foyer.html/">sexual development</a>, the more they will recognize the importance of active involvement in <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/teen-health-care.html/">their own health care</a>.</p> <h3>What to Expect&nbsp;at the Doctor's Office</h3> <p>Teens should visit their doctors annually. Those with&nbsp;a chronic medical condition or certain clinical signs or symptoms might need more frequent visits.</p> <p>Medical care should include screenings for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/">obesity</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eating-disorders.html/">eating disorders</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depression</a>, and if indicated, hyperlipidemia (an excess of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/">cholesterol</a> and/or other fats in the blood). Older teens may be screened for alcohol, drugs, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/">sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)</a>. A tuberculin (PPD) test may be done if a teen is at risk for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tuberculosis.html/">tuberculosis</a>.</p> <p>Vision and hearing will be checked. Teens are also&nbsp;checked for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis.html/">scoliosis</a> (curvature of the spine).</p> <h3>Immunizations</h3> <p>By age 13, teens&nbsp;should have already had these&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">immunizations</a>:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/varicella-vaccine.html/">chickenpox (varicella)</a> vaccine (if they have not had chickenpox)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mmr-vaccine.html/">measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR)</a> vaccine</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepb-vaccine.html/">hepatitis B vaccine&nbsp;(HBV)</a> series</li> <li class="c2"><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepa-vaccine.html/">hepatitis A vaccine (HAV)</a> series</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/meningitis-vaccine.html/">meningococcal vaccine</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hpv-vaccine.html/">human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV)</a></li> <li>diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis booster (Tdap)</li> </ul> <p>Doctors recommend a Tdap booster at 11&ndash;12 years of age, with a tetanus and diphtheria booster (Td) every 10 years after that. The Tdap vaccine is also recommended for all pregnant women during the second half of&nbsp;<em>each</em> pregnancy, regardless of whether or not they had it before, or when it was last given. The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu-vaccine.html/">flu vaccine</a>, given before flu season each year, also is recommended.</p> <p>As teens go&nbsp;through puberty, issues of sexual health will be addressed. Young women may be referred to a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/first-gyn.html/">gynecologist</a> for a first visit. Young men&nbsp;will be checked for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hernia.html/">hernias</a> and testicular cancer and taught how to do a testicular self-exam.</p> <p>Teens should be asked about behaviors or emotional problems that may indicate <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depression</a> or the risk of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/suicide.html/">suicide</a>. The doctor also should provide counseling about risky behaviors and other issues, including:</p> <ul> <li>sexual activities that may result in unintended pregnancy and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/">STDs</a></li> <li>use of alcohol and other substances, including anabolic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/steroids.html/">steroids</a></li> <li>use of tobacco products, including cigarettes and smokeless tobacco</li> <li>drinking and&nbsp;driving</li> <li>the importance of&nbsp;bicycle helmets, seatbelts, and protective sports gear</li> <li>how to resolve conflicts without <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/school-violence.html/">violence</a>, including how to avoid the use of weapons</li> <li>learning problems or difficulties at school</li> <li>importance of regular physical activity</li> </ul> <h3>Common Medical Problems</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-safety.html/">Sports injuries</a> and other problems, such as knee pain and headaches,&nbsp;are common concerns. Your teen's doctor should evaluate any pain that is severe or long-lasting.</p> <p>Issues involving puberty and sexual development are typical concerns for teens. Doctors can be a valuable resource by answering questions and giving guidance during this period of physical and emotional changes. Teens should be reassured that anything they discuss with their doctor will be kept confidential, unless their health or the health of others could possibly be in danger.</p> <h3>If You Have Concerns</h3> <p>Parents or other caregivers should receive health guidance from their teen's doctor during these routine <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkups.html/">checkups</a>. The doctor will share information about normal development, including signs and symptoms of illness or emotional distress and ways to watch for and manage potentially harmful behaviors.</p> <p>If you think that your teen has a physical disorder, a psychological problem, or a problem with drugs or alcohol, contact the doctor.</p>Atención médica y su hijo de 13 a 18 añosViendo a su hijo adolescente una vez al año, el médico puede hacer un seguimiento de su desarrollo físico, mental y social. El médico también puede ayudar a su hijo a entender la importancia de elegir un estilo de vida saludable.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/medical-care-13-18-esp.html/5254bb79-baa3-4e9e-bc4a-120265b7a30f
A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen YearsYou've lived through 2 AM feedings, toddler temper tantrums, and the back-to-school blues. So why is the word "teenager" causing you so much anxiety?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adolescence.html/2571962e-e844-408a-9fe4-79974e934086
Choosing Your Own DoctorYou deserve medical care from someone who helps you feel comfortable and understood. Get tips on finding the best doctor for you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/own-doctor.html/85e1c956-7aa1-4181-929e-677acdb33b85
Communication and Your 13- to 18-Year-OldTeens spend much of the day outside the home, but it's important that you take time every day to talk with your teen to share opinions, ideas, and information.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/comm-13-to-18.html/2b23c133-d5fe-453e-950e-3e9f33a7dd48
Fitness and Your 13- to 18-Year-OldKids who enjoy exercise tend to stay active throughout their lives. Learn how to encourage fitness in your teen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fitness-13-18.html/a193fa61-69d8-4278-8058-2a9f7854b240
Giving Teens a Voice in Health Care DecisionsInvolving teens in their health care can help prepare them for managing it on their own as adults.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/teen-health-care.html/3a9f2f21-00c2-4755-92cb-a336b5203acf
Growth and Your 13- to 18-Year-OldKids entering puberty will undergo many changes in their developing bodies. Find out more about what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-13-to-18.html/abe3adf6-365a-43d0-9c40-9d17f0e431c3
How Vaccines Help (Video)Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine-video.html/381d8b32-8c56-41c1-b6b5-247544dcac7e
Understanding PubertyPuberty was awkward enough when you were the one going through it. So how can you help your kids through all the changes?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-puberty.html/527eb4ba-e207-497b-b5a9-0a57e6624675
When Your Child Outgrows Pediatric CareHelp your teen or young adult make the transition from pediatric health care to adult health care. Get tips on finding a new doctor and getting health insurance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adult-care.html/7620379f-3ef2-4de7-b9c0-0acda3eb56cf
Your Child's Checkup: 13 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your teen is 13.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-13yrs.html/d9ee6db2-8397-4477-b213-c5df66c96645
Your Child's Checkup: 14 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your teen is 14.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-14yrs.html/83cf0755-0a61-420f-bc53-ca4d2d4e6b84
Your Child's Checkup: 15 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your son or daughter is 15.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-15yrs.html/6e29ecdf-f1b7-4c33-a6e9-c50bcfe6ef40
Your Child's Checkup: 16 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your son or daughter is 16.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-16yrs.html/87b0c6ed-2ef1-46a6-96a6-6853de510a13
Your Child's Checkup: 17 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your son or daughter is 17.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-17yrs.html/c91d659a-c3de-4728-8b45-037ae4849de1
Your Child's Checkup: 18 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your son or daughter is 18.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-18yrs.html/a79a4613-ad0e-4e6d-a6e0-d91b39e1e854
Your Child's Checkup: 19 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your son or daughter is 19.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-19yrs.html/5a3b97f5-8ffe-45db-92fc-0da446929742
Your Medical RecordsEach time you hop up on a doctor's exam table, somebody makes a note in your medical records. There may come a time when you need your medical information, so find out how to get it and how it's protected.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/medical-records.html/b168beee-a537-401c-a7e6-c821d5a26be3
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:clinicalDesignation-NAkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsMedical Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/medical/58c81291-e7c3-497a-a68c-727ac2678718Doctor & Hospital Visitshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/doctor/f535fe49-643d-4fb4-ad2a-e20a2f64f48d