Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuriesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-injuryMCL-enHD-AR1.jpgMCL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids, when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.medial collateral ligament injuries MCL, torn MCL, knee injuries, knee pain, sports injury, injuries, common sports injury, hurt knee, torn knee ligament, sports medicine, sports rehab, rehab, CD1Sports Medicine06/15/200908/14/201909/02/2019Alvin Su, MD06/17/2019a02cf0b6-2f31-432f-bdc2-fda2a76794a5https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mcl-injuries.html/<h3>What Is the Medial Collateral Ligament?</h3> <p>The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the ligaments in the knee joint. A ligament is a tough, flexible band of tissue that holds <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> and cartilage together.</p> <p>The MCL is on the part of the knee closest to the other knee (the &quot;medial&quot; side). It connects the bottom of the thighbone (femur) to the top of the shinbone (tibia). The MCL helps keep the knee from moving side to side.</p> <h3>What Is a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear?</h3> <p>The MCL can tear if an injury stretches it too much. The tear might be partial (through a part of the MCL) or complete (all the way through the MCL).</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="Diagram shows bent left knee shown from right side and labels torn MCL, thighbone, and shinbone" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/MCLinjury_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Diagram shows bent left knee shown from right side and labels torn MCL, thighbone, and shinbone" /></p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear?</h3> <p>Most people who tear their MCL feel pain and a &quot;pop&quot; in their knee when the injury happens. Their knee usually swells soon after the injury, most of the time around the inside part of the knee.</p> <p>After the swelling goes down, they usually can walk, but feel pain when the inside of the knee is stretched, Also, the knee may feel unstable and can &quot;give way&quot; and make the person stumble or fall.</p> <h3>What Causes Medial Collateral Ligament Tears?</h3> <p>Most medial collateral ligament tears happen during athletic activity, such as when someone:</p> <ul> <li>changes direction or twists the knee while running</li> <li>jumps and lands in a way that twists the knee</li> </ul> <p>The MCL also can tear if the knee is hit forcefully from the side.</p> <h3>Who Gets Medial Collateral Ligament Tears?</h3> <p>MCL tears happen most often during sports involving turning, cutting, and pivoting like skiing, soccer, football, basketball, and tennis.</p> <h3>How Is a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose a torn MCL, health care providers ask about the injury and do an exam. During the exam, the health care provider presses on the knee and legs and moves them in certain ways. This can help show if the MCL is torn.</p> <p>Imaging tests done can include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-knee.html/">X-rays</a> to check for injuries to the bones</li> <li>sometimes, an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri.html/">MRI</a> to check if the tear is partial or complete and to see if the knee has other injuries</li> </ul> <h3>How Is a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear Treated?</h3> <p>Right after the injury, treatment may include:</p> <ul> <li>over-the-counter pain medicine such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> (Tylenol<span style="font-family: Arial, 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">&reg;</span>&nbsp;or store brand) or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibuprofen.html/">ibuprofen</a> (Advil<span style="font-family: Arial, 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">&reg;</span>, Motrin<span style="font-family: Arial, 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">&reg;</span>, or store brand)</li> <li>RICE: <strong>R</strong>est, <strong>I</strong>ce, Compression (with an elastic bandage), and <strong>E</strong>levation (raising the knee)</li> <li>bracing: The health care provider will advise you about the best type of brace to protect the MCL and the knee joint during the healing process.</li> </ul> <p>Other treatments may include:</p> <ul> <li>using crutches during recovery</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/">physical therapy (PT)</a> to help with strength and flexibility</li> <li>surgery</li> </ul> <h3>Can Someone With a Torn MCL Play Sports?</h3> <p>Kids with a torn MCL usually need to take time off from sports, especially the sport in which the injury happened. If there is no pain and the knee does not &quot;give way,&quot; they can usually walk, stretch, and do low-impact activities such as swimming.</p> <p>Kids with a torn MCL should follow the doctor's instructions on which activities they can do and which they should skip. Most kids with a low-grade MCL tear are back to sports within 6 weeks.</p> <h3>Are There Ways to Help Prevent Another MCL Tear?</h3> <p>Having an MCL tear puts someone at higher risk for another one. To lower the risk of another MCL tear or other injury, kids can work with a physical therapist or trainer to:</p> <ul> <li>improve their strength, balance, and flexibility</li> <li>learn the proper techniques for jumping, landing, and changing direction while playing sports</li> </ul> <h3>How Can Parents Help?</h3> <p>Recovering from an MCL tear takes time. It's normal for kids to feel angry, frustrated, or down, especially if they can't play a sport they love. Help your child find ways to stay involved in sports, such as keeping score or being a team manager. Or, if your child wants to do something besides sports, help him or her try a new hobby like playing the guitar, painting, or drawing.</p> <p>While the MCL tear heals, help your child follow the doctor's instructions for:</p> <ul> <li>follow-up visits</li> <li>physical therapy appointments</li> <li>not doing activities that can slow healing</li> <li>doing at-home exercises</li> </ul>Lesiones del ligamento colateral medialEl ligamento colateral medial es uno de los ligamentos de la articulación de la rodilla. Un ligamento es una tira de tejido resistente y flexible que mantiene unidos entre sí los cartílagos y los huesos. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/mcl-injuries-esp.html/de1f7430-266d-4450-815c-a6fa6e03932f
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) TearsACL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acl-injuries.html/96e28772-3895-4983-8b79-95f1e89b4bac
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
BursitisBursitis, an irritation of the small fluid sacs that provide cushioning in some joints, is often caused by sports-related injuries or repeated use of a particular joint.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bursitis.html/35129f6a-a66c-4dce-94c1-890f6ef07812
Five Ways to Avoid Sports InjuriesSports injuries often can be prevented. Find out how in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/sport-safety.html/bc31bc9c-6500-4895-9182-d5df5ca30f80
Jumper's KneeJumper's knee is an overuse injury that happens when frequent jumping, running, and changing direction damages the patellar tendon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/jumpers-knee.html/4d1ad02a-c08a-461e-b9d6-fd360f571271
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/0e348562-5958-4a91-96ad-c8affb5fff4f
Meniscus TearsThe key to healing meniscus tears is not to get back into play too quickly. Find out what meniscus tears are and how to treat them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/meniscus-tear.html/223bcb86-70a0-4814-b899-c5ef2493600b
Osgood-Schlatter DiseaseOsgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is an overuse injury that can cause knee pain in teens, especially during growth spurts. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osgood.html/585217d8-dfd4-4357-94f9-431b2791d355
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)Patellofemoral pain syndrome (or runner's knee) is the most common overuse injury among runners, but it can also happen to other athletes who do activities that require a lot of knee bending.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/runners-knee.html/4589da1f-0851-45ac-a408-8ce20ef2c72b
Physical TherapyDoctors often recommend physical therapy for kids who have been injured or have movement problems from an illness, disease, or disability. Learn more about PT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/b6464f6d-3679-4c44-b12d-6d6d3b1a95a7
Preventing Children's Sports InjuriesParticipation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-safety.html/bec4e82b-c8b0-4945-9611-7c9464e177f8
Safety Tips: SoccerSoccer is easy to learn at a young age, and it's great exercise. But it's also a contact sport, and injuries are bound to happen. To help prevent mishaps, follow these safety tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-soccer.html/c0cf77ed-d3db-42b8-a646-29fabf0bb738
Sports Medicine CenterGet tips on everything from finding the best sport for your kids to preventing and handling injuries.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/sports-center.html/9c890cb1-5179-4d0e-9f3e-c00b34e8469a
Sports and Exercise SafetyPlaying hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sport-safety.html/cbffad82-3814-4cbc-8758-dd3aac78c363
X-Ray Exam: KneeA knee X-ray can help find the causes of pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformity of the knee, and detect broken bones or a dislocated joint.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-knee.html/f571f6cf-67cf-4275-a045-1fb1152e0592
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedSports Injurieshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-medicine-center/injuries/d39a4016-156b-42e2-bf20-64657c4f2104Bones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97Exercise Safetyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nutrition-center/exercise-safety/f66a259b-2915-44dd-b41c-951545ce5d16https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/MCLinjury_a_enIL.jpg