Marfan Syndromeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-marfan-enHD-AR1.jpgMarfan syndrome affects the body's connective tissue and can cause problems in the eyes, joints, and heart. Even though the disease has no cure, doctors can successfully treat just about all of its symptoms.Marfan syndrome, marfan, connective tissue, heart problems, eye problems, too tall, genetics, genetic disorders, genetic counseling, bones, scoliosis, back problems, lazy eye, vision problems, heart, aortic dissections, aorta, myopia, nearsightedness, detached retinas, glaucoma, cataracts, autosomal dominant, arms and legs, long arms and legs, connective tissue, fibrillin, amblyopia, irregular heartbeats, heart murmurs, mitral, leaky heart valves, heart valves, variable expression, bones, problems with bones, growth problems, ACE inhibitors, slit lamp test, long fingers, echocardiograms, beta blockers05/25/200604/02/201809/02/2019Nina Powell-Hamilton, MD and Kristi Fitzgerald, LGCG02/08/2018fcca5f80-409a-4d71-8d58-b8749ff15f42https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/marfan.html/<h3>What Is Marfan Syndrome?</h3> <p>Marfan syndrome is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a> disorder of the body's connective tissue. Connective tissue gives structure and support to all parts of the body, including the skin, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a>, blood vessels, and organs.</p> <h3>What Causes Marfan Syndrome?</h3> <p>Marfan syndrome happens because of an abnormality in one copy of a gene that causes problems with the body's production of the protein <strong>fibrillin</strong>. This protein is an important part of connective tissue. Weakened connective tissue can lead to problems in many parts of the body, especially the heart, eyes, and bones.</p> <h3>Who Gets Marfan Syndrome?</h3> <p>Most kids with Marfan syndrome have it because they got the abnormal gene from one of their parents, but sometimes it happens in a child without a family history. Either way, each child born to a person with Marfan syndrome, male or female, will have a 50% chance of inheriting the abnormal gene.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Marfan Syndrome?</h3> <p>People with Marfan syndrome are often tall and slender with long fingers and toes. They also may have a long face, deep-set eyes, a small jaw, and a high-arched roof of the mouth with crowded teeth. Their chest may cave in (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pectus-excavatum.html/">pectus excavatum</a>) or stick out (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pectus-carinatum.html/">pectus carinatum</a>), and they may have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis.html/">scoliosis</a> (a curved spine) and flat feet.&nbsp;</p> <p>People with Marfan syndrome might also have other medical problems, including:</p> <ul> <li>enlargement of the aorta (the large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body). If the wall of the aorta becomes very weak, it can tear and lead to serious bleeding in the body.</li> <li>heart valve problems</li> <li>eye problems</li> <li>a pneumothorax (collapsed lung)</li> </ul> <p>The symptoms of Marfan syndrome can vary greatly &mdash; even within the same family. Some people have very mild symptoms, while others have more significant problems. This makes it impossible to predict what problems may develop as the child grows.</p> <h3>How Is Marfan Syndrome Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Diagnosing Marfan syndrome usually involves detailed exams by different doctors, including:&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>a cardiologist (heart specialist)</li> <li>an ophthalmologist (eye doctor)</li> <li>an orthopedist (bone specialist)</li> <li>a geneticist (specialist who helps to find DNA causes for diseases)</li> </ul> <p>To make the diagnosis, doctors:</p> <ul> <li>ask if anyone else in the family has Marfan syndrome</li> <li>do a physical exam to look for problems associated with Marfan syndrome, such as pectus excavatum or scoliosis</li> <li>do tests such as: <ul> <li>an echocardiogram, which uses sound waves to make a picture of the heart to check the size of the aorta and how the heart valves are working</li> <li>a complete eye exam</li> <li>a blood test to look at the genes</li> <li>X-ray of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-exam-chest.html/">chest</a> and spine</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <h3>How Is Marfan Syndrome Treated?</h3> <p>There's no cure for Marfan syndrome because the gene change cannot be reversed, but most of the symptoms can be treated. It's important for your child to keep regular doctor's visits for testing of the heart, eyes, and bones. This way the care team can find any problems early and start treatment right away.</p> <p>Treatments may include:</p> <ul> <li>limits on exercise, such as no strenuous activities and no contact sports or sports where there's a risk of getting hit in the chest</li> <li>medicines to lower blood pressure to protect the aorta</li> <li>wearing glasses or contact lenses</li> <li>a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis-brace.html/">back brace</a> for scoliosis</li> <li>surgery on heart valves or the aorta, if needed</li> </ul> <p>Also, kids with Marfan syndrome should wear a medical alert device (a bracelet or necklace) that says they have the condition.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Health Care Provider?</h3> <p>Heart-related emergencies are extremely rare in young people with Marfan syndrome. But call your health care provider if your child has:</p> <ul> <li>chest pain</li> <li>shortness of breath (especially during exercise)</li> <li>an irregular pulse</li> <li>sudden weakness or tingling in the legs and arms</li> <li>an unexplained fever</li> <li>sudden vision changes</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Learning about Marfan syndrome and finding a knowledgeable medical team are important for your child's care. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/">Genetics follow-up</a> is recommended to help the family understand how Marfan syndrome is passed down to children, and also to help coordinate screening and specialty visits.</p> <p>Talk to your child honestly about the condition. Work with the care team to find safe activities he or she can enjoy. Kids and teens with Marfan syndrome need to play and laugh. They also should know that there are more things they <strong>can</strong> do than things they can't.</p> <p>Keep in touch with teachers and the nurse at school. This way, they can find ways for your child to be included even if he or she can't compete (for example, instead of playing in the soccer game, your child can be the scorekeeper). They also need to know the signs of possible complications so they can respond quickly.</p> <p>Support is available both locally and <a href="http://www.marfan.org/">nationally</a> to help you and your child understand Marfan syndrome better.</p>Síndrome de MarfanEl síndrome de Marfan es un trastorno genético progresivo que afecta al tejido conjuntivo. El tejido conjuntivo está distribuido por todo el cuerpo, proporcionando estructura y sostén a las células. Piensa en él como en una especie de "cola" o de "pegamento", que ayuda a sostener todos los órganos, los vasos sanguíneos, los huesos, las articulaciones y los músculos en su sitiohttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/marfan-esp.html/93a4c022-d53e-4929-9e23-e2f1afdeee98
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Chest Wall Disorder: Pectus ExcavatumPectus excavatum is a deformity of the chest wall that causes several ribs and the breastbone to grow abnormally, giving the chest a "caved-in" appearance. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pectus-excavatum.html/a5179c80-23ac-4642-8be4-1314b03937dc
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Scoliosis: BracingSome teens with scoliosis wear a brace to help stop their curve from getting worse as they grow. Find out more about how scoliosis braces work and how long people wear them in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scoliosis-brace.html/ba716943-ca06-48a9-bc51-8eeb5dee8cbd
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