Listeria Infectionsenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectListeria-enHD-AR1.jpgListeriosis is a serious infection caused by eating contaminated food. It mostly affects pregnant women, newborns, and adults with weakened immune systems. Here's how to protect your family.listeria, listeriosis, sepsis, bacteremia, fevers, Listeria monocytogenes, bacteria, bacterium, difficulty breathing, blood-borne infections, vomiting, diarrhea, runny poop, lethargy, irritability, tiredness, fatigue, my child has listeriosis, my child has a listeria infection, pregnancy, leukemia, pregnant, listeria monocytogenes, weakened immune systems, corticosteroids, contaminated food, contaminated water, soft-ripened cheese, milk, undercooked chicken, uncooked hot dogs, shellfish, coleslaw, rectal carrier, vaginal carrier, foodborne illnesses, neonatal transmissions, not contagious, bacterial infections, hospitalizations, antibiotics, antibiotic treatments, medicines, medications03/22/200012/06/201709/02/2019Rebecca L. Gill, MD11/04/20172f32dca2-6ed4-4bed-b516-cb1060fc8231https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/listeria.html/<h3>What Are <em>Listeria</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Listeria</em> infections &mdash; known as <strong>listeriosis </strong>&mdash; are a rare type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/">food poisoning</a>. They can happen when someone eats a food contaminated by a type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">bacterium</a>.</p> <p>Most cases affect pregnant women in their last trimester, newborns, older adults, and people whose <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> is weakened by diseases such as cancer or HIV.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of <em>Listeria</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Listeria</em> (liss-TEER-ee-uh) infections can cause symptoms such as:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a></li> <li>muscle aches</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> <li>stiff neck</li> <li>confusion</li> <li>weakness</li> </ul> <p>Pregnant women with an infection may only have mild flu-like symptoms, like muscle aches, but are at risk for premature delivery and other serious complications to their fetus.</p> <h3>How Do People Get <em>Listeria</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Listeria</em> infections are caused by <em>Listeria monocytogenes</em> bacteria, which can spread through soil and water.</p> <p>People can ingest the bacteria by eating foods such as deli meats and cold cuts, soft-ripened cheese, undercooked chicken, uncooked hot dogs, shellfish, and unpasteurized (raw) milk or dairy products made from raw milk.</p> <h3>Are <em>Listeria</em> Infections Contagious?</h3> <p>Listeriosis doesn't pass from person to person. People become infected by ingesting contaminated food or fluids. However, a pregnant woman can pass the infection to her unborn baby.</p> <h3>How Is Listeriosis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors usually diagnose <em>Listeria</em> infections with a lab test called a <strong>bacterial culture</strong>, done on a sample of a body fluid, such as blood, spinal fluid, or the placenta.</p> <p>The earlier listeriosis is detected and treated, the better, because it can cause a serious and life-threatening infection.</p> <h3>How Is Listeriosis Treated?</h3> <p>Healthy kids, teens, and adults with a <em>Listeria</em> infection typically don't need treatment. Symptoms usually go away within a few weeks.</p> <p>Pregnant women and newborns with listeriosis will receive antibiotics in the hospital through an intravenous catheter (IV) into a vein. Treatment lasts for about 10 days, but that can vary depending on the body's ability to fight off the infection.</p> <p>Children whose immune systems are compromised by illness or infection, such as cancer or HIV, are more likely to develop severe listeriosis infections and may need further treatment.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>Some people with severe <em>Listeria</em> infections &mdash; especially those with weakened immunity and people over age 65 &mdash; can develop <strong>gastroenteritis</strong> (vomiting and diarrhea, also called the "stomach flu"), <strong>bacteremia</strong> (a bacterial infection in the blood), <strong>sepsis</strong> (a dangerous full-body response to bacteremia), <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/meningitis.html/"><strong>meningitis</strong></a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pneumonia.html/"><strong>pneumonia</strong></a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteomyelitis.html/"><strong>osteomyelitis</strong></a> (infection in a bone), and <strong>endocarditis</strong> (inflammation and infection of the heart's lining).</p> <h3>Can <em>Listeria</em> Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p>Particularly if you are pregnant or in one of the other high-risk groups, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eating-pregnancy.html/">avoiding certain foods</a> and drinks can reduce your risk of getting this infection.</p> <p>Other tips to help protect your family from listeriosis (and other foodborne illnesses):</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Always cook food (especially meat and eggs) well to the proper internal temperature.</li> <li>Wash <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safe-veggies.html/">fruits and vegetables</a> well before eating.</li> <li>Only drink pasteurized milk, and make sure that milk is refrigerated at the appropriate temperature, which is below 40&deg;F (4&deg;C).</li> <li>Avoid foods made from unpasteurized milk.</li> <li>If you're in a high-risk group, avoid soft cheeses such as feta, Brie, Camembert, blue-veined cheeses, and Mexican-style cheeses (like queso fresco).</li> <li>Reheat precooked, prepackaged foods &mdash; such as deli meats or hot dogs &mdash; to steaming hot temperatures, especially if you're pregnant.</li> <li>Carefully <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">wash hands</a> and utensils after handling raw foods.</li> </ul> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor immediately if your child develops fast or labored breathing, a fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>, a high-pitched cry, excessive sleepiness, or irritability. If your child has listeriosis, the doctor can immediately start treatment.</p>ListeriosisNo existen vacunas contra la bacteria que causa la listeriosis. De todos modos, usted puede ayudar a proteger a su familia de esta bacteria adoptando las siguientes precauciones relacionadas con la alimentaciĆ³n.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/listeria-esp.html/cf8d49f9-65be-497f-9e0a-9c43aa183b41
DehydrationSometimes kids lose fluids and salts through fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating. Here are some tips on preventing or treating dehydration.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/26fa7977-df7d-4ce1-87bd-cfe2b6db096c
E. ColiUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12
FeversFevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/42ab5a5d-1c03-493e-acf5-0ac569d1b946
Food PoisoningSometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/3574049c-833d-4fb5-b597-6a9d1c4aae09
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Produce PrecautionsKids need daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Here's how to make sure the produce you buy and prepare is safe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safe-veggies.html/178370f4-5486-499e-a6a5-c13f9ad98fa2
Salmonella InfectionsSalmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria salmonella. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/salmonellosis.html/fdb3d696-ad27-427b-84fc-8039b5218074
Staying Healthy During PregnancyDuring your pregnancy, you'll probably get advice from everyone. But staying healthy depends on you - read about the many ways to keep you and your baby as healthy as possible.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preg-health.html/7e686897-565d-4171-9629-1e551abffa89
Why Are Pregnant Women Told to Avoid Feta Cheese?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cheese-louise.html/3b5a81d1-d548-4901-a041-5df446942eff
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61