Limb Differencesenparents differences are when an arm or leg is not shaped in the usual way. Some don't need treatment. For those that do, doctors have a few options.Limb Deformities, limb deformity, deformed limbs, leg deformity, arm deformity, hand deformity, limbs, curved legs, limb length discrepancy, leg length discrepancy, arm length discrepancy, short or missing forearm, radial club hand, knock knees, bowlegs, bowed legs, orthopedic problems, orthopedic, 11/30/201703/04/202103/04/2021Susan M. Dubowy, PA-C and L. Reid Nichols, MD01/22/20184c84960b-a0d0-42b3-bc73-5c873f323d46<h3>What Is a Limb Difference?</h3> <p>"Limb" is another name for the arms or legs. Limb differences are when an arm or leg is not shaped in the usual way. For example, a child's legs may be curved or one might be shorter than the other. Or, a bone in the arm may be short or missing.</p> <p>A limb difference that a child is born with is called <strong>congenital</strong>. A limb difference that happens after birth is called <strong>acquired</strong>.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Limb Difference?</h3> <p>Signs of a limb difference depend on which limb is affected and how severe the difference is. Some limb differences are so mild that you can't notice them. Others are quite noticeable and affect the way a child moves or walks.</p> <p>There are many types of limb differences. For example, <a href=""><strong>fibular hemimelia</strong></a> is when a baby is born with short and sometimes missing bones in the leg and foot. <strong>Limb length discrepancy</strong> is when one arm or <a href="">leg</a> is longer than the other. Sometimes, the knees bow out (<a href="">bowlegs</a>) or bend inward (knock knees).</p> <p>A limb difference also can happen after an injury.</p> <h3>How Is a Limb Difference Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose a limb difference, orthopedic specialists (doctors and other providers who treat bone and muscle problems) talk to the family and the child, and do an exam. Tests such as X-rays or CT scans usually are done and can help the specialists decide on the best treatment.</p> <h3>How Is a Limb Difference Treated?</h3> <p>To give the best treatment, health care providers consider how severe the limb difference is, whether it makes regular activities (such as walking or writing) hard, how old the child is, and whether the difference is likely to get worse and cause other problems. Sometimes no treatment is needed.</p> <p>When treatment is needed, it may include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="">physical therapy</a> or <a href="">occupational therapy</a></li> <li>bracing</li> <li>surgery</li> </ul> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Your orthopedic team will help you find the best treatment for your child. Take time to understand exactly what will happen at each stage of the treatment plan. This way, you and your child know what to expect and can follow the plan.</p> <p>Remember that your care team is there to answer any questions and help you get the best result for your child.</p>Diferencias de las extremidades"Extremidad" es otra forma de referirnos a los brazos o las piernas. Los niños con diferencias en las extremidades presentan diferencias en la forma de sus brazos o piernas.
Blount DiseaseBlount disease is a growth disorder that causes the bones of the lower leg to bow outward. This gets worse if it's not treated, so early diagnosis is very important.
ClubfootClubfoot is a birth defect that makes one or both of a baby's feet point down and turn in. Most clubfeet can be successfully corrected using the nonsurgical Ponseti method.
Common Childhood Orthopedic ConditionsFlatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but are they medical problems that can and should be corrected?
Developmental Dysplasia of the HipBabies can be born with this hip problem or develop it soon after birth. Early treatment can help the hip joint grow normally.
KyphosisEveryone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.
Leg Length DiscrepancyLeg length discrepancy is when someone’s legs are different lengths. For a big difference or one that's likely to get worse, treatment is recommended.
Limb Lengthening Surgery: External FixatorLimb lengthening surgery is done when someone has a leg length discrepancy (one leg is shorter than the other). Sometimes this is treated with an external fixator.
Limb Lengthening Surgery: Internal Lengthening DeviceLimb lengthening surgery is done when someone has a leg length discrepancy (one leg is shorter than the other). Sometimes this is treated with an internal lengthening device (a rod with a magnet).
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed.
X-Ray Exam: Leg LengthSome kids may have significant differences in the length of their legs, a condition known as leg length discrepancy. This X-ray exam can help doctors determine the exact difference in leg length so they can decide on a treatment.
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