Limb Deformitiesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Limb_Deformities_enHD_2.jpgKids with limb deformities have differences in the way their arms or legs are shaped. Some don't need treatment, For those that do, doctors have different options.Limb Deformities, limb deformity, deformed limbs, leg deformity, arm deformity, hand deformity, limbs, curved legs, limb length discrepancy, leg length discrepancy, arm length discrepancy, short or missing forearm, radial club hand, knock knees, bowlegs, bowed legs, orthopedic problems, orthopedic, 11/30/201710/15/201809/02/2019Susan M. Dubowy, PA-C and L. Reid Nichols, MD01/22/2018646c67c2-d508-4391-99e6-a8a1038f307chttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/limb-deformities.html/<h3>What Is a Limb Deformity?</h3> <p>"Limb" is another name for the arms or legs. Kids with limb deformities have differences in the way their arms or legs are shaped. For example, their legs may be curved or one might be shorter than the other. Or, a bone in the arm may be short or missing.</p> <p>A limb deformity that a child is born with is called <strong>congenital</strong>. A limb deformity that happens after birth is called <strong>acquired</strong>.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Limb Deformity?</h3> <p>Signs of a limb deformity depend on which limb is affected and how severe the deformity is. Some limb deformities are so mild that you can't notice them. Others are quite noticeable and affect the way a child moves or walks.</p> <p>There are many types of limb deformities. For example, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fibular-hemimelia.html/"><strong>fibular hemimelia</strong></a> is when a baby is born with short and sometimes missing bones in the leg and foot. <strong>Limb length discrepancy</strong> is when one arm or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/leg-length-discrepancy.html/">leg</a> is longer than the other. Sometimes, the knees bow out (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/common-ortho.html/">bowlegs</a>) or bend inward (knock knees).</p> <p>A limb deformity also can happen after an injury.</p> <h3>How Is a Limb Deformity Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose a limb deformity, orthopedic specialists (doctors and other providers who treat bone and muscle problems) talk to the family and the child (if he or she is old enough), and do a physical exam. Tests (such as X-rays or CT scans) usually are done and can help the specialists decide on the best treatment.</p> <h3>How Is a Limb Deformity Treated?</h3> <p>To give the best treatment, health care providers consider how severe the limb deformity is, whether it makes regular activities (such as walking or writing) difficult, how old the child is, and whether the deformity is likely to get worse and cause other problems. Sometimes no treatment is needed.</p> <p>When needed, treatment may include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/">physical therapy</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational therapy</a></li> <li>bracing</li> <li>surgery</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Your orthopedic team will help you find the best treatment for your child. Take time to understand exactly what will happen at each stage of the treatment plan. This way, you and your child know what to expect and can follow the plan. Always remember that your care team is there to answer any questions and help you get the best result for your child.</p>Deformidades de las extremidades"Extremidad" es otra forma de referirnos a los brazos o las piernas. Los niños con deformidades en las extremidades presentan diferencias en la forma de sus brazos o piernas.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/limb-deformities-esp.html/e338f693-ee6e-47e3-9983-46ff673c1668
Blount DiseaseBlount disease is a growth disorder that causes the bones of the lower leg to bow outward. This gets worse if it's not treated, so early diagnosis is very important.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blount-disease.html/b0d825d0-b5c3-4fd7-a888-d6d6d344b8ff
ClubfootClubfoot is a birth defect that makes one or both of a baby's feet point down and turn in. Most clubfeet can be successfully corrected using the nonsurgical Ponseti method.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/clubfoot.html/a07ccb09-d0c2-4a00-abf7-6931ad897b22
Common Childhood Orthopedic ConditionsFlatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but are they medical problems that can and should be corrected?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/common-ortho.html/aad934f7-72ee-4997-a9e7-9a61a0b4332e
Developmental Dysplasia of the HipBabies can be born with this hip problem or develop it soon after birth. Early treatment can help the hip joint grow normally.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ddh.html/b87d31c7-9023-4faf-a3c7-7086881fb087
KyphosisEveryone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/af13c241-d4fa-45ae-805a-1c88b8048f60
Leg Length DiscrepancyLeg length discrepancy is when someone’s legs are different lengths. For a big difference or one that's likely to get worse, treatment is recommended. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/leg-length-discrepancy.html/4ca63291-1c1d-45ef-95a7-6b7717f6642d
Limb Lengthening Surgery: External FixatorLimb lengthening surgery is done when someone has a leg length discrepancy (one leg is shorter than the other). Sometimes this is treated with an external fixator. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/limb-lengthen-fixator.html/a7655166-8ee1-4ef4-9a6b-352fb167f35e
Limb Lengthening Surgery: Internal Lengthening DeviceLimb lengthening surgery is done when someone has a leg length discrepancy (one leg is shorter than the other). Sometimes this is treated with an internal lengthening device (a rod with a magnet). https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/limb-lengthen-internal.html/12f20759-d02a-426e-a4dc-2bc74f46f234
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis.html/7c31ed8b-b3dc-4c62-b68d-90777c53681c
X-Ray Exam: Leg LengthSome kids may have significant differences in the length of their legs, a condition known as leg length discrepancy. This X-ray exam can help doctors determine the exact difference in leg length so they can decide on a treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-leg-length.html/65138e52-2545-474b-b670-0e95eb57bae0
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97