Learning, Play, and Your Newbornenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-babyLearnPlay-enHD-AR1.jpgPlay is the primary way that infants learn how to move, communicate, socialize, and understand their surroundings. And during the first month of life, your baby will learn by interacting with you.newborns, learning, playing, senses, touches, eyesights, sounds, tastes, smells, scents, alertness, my face, talking to my baby, overstimulation, my baby loves attention, kisses, hugs, holding, bonding with my newborn, musical toys, crib mirrors, rattles, black and white, colors, contrasts, books, reading, birth, delivery, rhythms, putting things in mouth, choking hazards, television, tv, games, songs, singing, moving, dancing, learning about the world, red and black, patterns, general pediatrics, developmental medicine, behavioral medicine, neonatology, neonatal03/22/200007/04/201907/04/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD07/01/201943b40b93-3a6c-4eb0-9bdf-7cf7662f3a2fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/learnnewborn.html/<h3>What Is My Newborn Learning?</h3> <p>Play is the chief way that infants learn how to move, communicate, socialize, and understand their surroundings. And during the first month of life, your baby will learn by interacting with you.</p> <p>The first thing your baby will learn is to connect the feel of your touch, the sound of your voice, and the sight of your face with getting his or her needs for comfort and food met.</p> <p>Even at this young age, newborns are ready to learn about the world around them. Your newborn loves to look your face. Newborns can recognize and respond to mom or dad's voice (or other interesting sounds) by looking alert and becoming less active. The baby may try to find out where the sound is coming from by looking around and turning his or her head.</p> <p>Encourage learning with smiles, soothing sounds, and gentle caresses. When you smile and talk to your infant, your face and the sound of your voice will become a familiar source of calm and comfort. Your little one will learn to associate you with nourishment, warmth, and a soothing touch.</p> <h3>What Is the "Rooting Reflex"?</h3> <p>Babies are born with involuntary reflexes that help ensure survival. Reflexes also are a way for babies to interact with the world. For example, gently stroking a newborn's cheek will get the baby to turn the head and mouth to that side, ready to eat. This is called the rooting reflex.</p> <p>But by the time they're 3 weeks old, babies will turn toward the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breastfeed-starting.html/">breast</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/formulafeed-starting.html/">bottle</a> not just because of a reflex, but because they've learned that it's a source of food.</p> <h3>Asleep, Active, or Alert?</h3> <p>During the first month of life, your newborn will spend much of the day <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleepnewborn.html/">sleeping</a> or seeming drowsy. Over the next several weeks to months, your baby will be awake and alert for longer periods of time. You'll learn to recognize when your baby ready to learn and play:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>A baby who is quiet and alert will be attentive and responsive and interested in surroundings.</li> <li>A baby who is awake but active (squirming, flapping arms, or kicking legs) or fussing is less able to focus on you. The baby may seem upset or cry when you try to get his or her attention. These are signs that your baby may be getting hungry, tired, or overstimulated.</li> </ul> <h3>How Can I Help My Newborn Learn?</h3> <p>As you care for your newborn, talk, smile, and interact with your baby. Pay attention and respond to your baby's cues. For example, watch how your baby moves or starts to coo back when you speak. Take turns "talking" to each other. This is how your baby learns to communicate.</p> <p>In the first few weeks, you may want to introduce some simple, age-appropriate toys that appeal to the senses of sight, hearing, and touch, such as:</p> <ul> <li>rattles</li> <li>textured toys</li> <li>musical toys</li> <li>unbreakable crib mirrors</li> </ul> <p>Try toys and mobiles with contrasting colors and patterns. Strong contrasts (such as red, white, and black), curves, and symmetry stimulate an infant's developing vision. As vision improves and babies gain more control over their movements, they'll interact more and more with their environment.</p> <h3>Some Other Ideas</h3> <p>Here are some other ideas for encouraging your newborn to learn and play:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Put on soothing music and hold your baby, gently swaying to the tune.</li> <li>Pick a soothing song or lullaby and softly sing it often to your baby. The familiarity of the sound and words will have a soothing effect, particularly during fussy times.</li> <li>Smile, stick out your tongue, and make other expressions for your infant to study, learn, and imitate.</li> <li>Use a favorite toy for your newborn&nbsp;to focus on and follow, or shake a rattle for your infant to find.</li> <li>Let your baby spend some awake time on his or her tummy to help strengthen the neck and shoulders. Always supervise your infant during "tummy time" and be ready to help if he or she gets tired or frustrated in this position. Never put an infant to sleep on his or her stomach &mdash; babies should sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sids.html/">SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)</a>.</li> <li>Talk and read to your baby.</li> </ul> <p>Keep in mind that babies develop at different rates, and there is a wide range of normal development. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about how your newborn sees and hears, or if you have any questions or concerns about your baby's development.</p>Aprendizaje, juego y su recién nacidoEl juego es la principal actividad que permite aprender a los bebés a moverse, a comunicarse, a socializar y a entender su entorno. Y durante su primer mes de vida, su bebé aprenderá interactuando con usted. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/learnnewborn-esp.html/8ea62512-928e-4ae0-b408-60a734fa74e5
Bonding With Your BabyBonding, the intense attachment that develops between you and your baby, is completely natural. And it's probably one of the most pleasurable aspects of infant care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bonding.html/44b3059f-95ed-42da-9c8a-1861e13226ef
Communication and Your NewbornFrom birth, your newborn has been communicating with you. Crying may seem like a foreign language, but soon you'll know what your baby needs - a diaper change, a feeding, or your touch.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cnewborn.html/804c85f1-c9ab-4f9a-b025-1d0c3005e81a
Feeding Your NewbornThese guidelines on breastfeeding and bottle feeding can help you know what's right for you and your baby.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feednewborn.html/31c4eb38-d266-4e5a-b06b-c7ee09d8ced8
Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 3-Month-OldAfter learning to recognize your voice, your face, and your touch, your baby will start responding more to you during these months and even give you a smile!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/learn13m.html/c21bc2aa-024b-425b-8d81-d6883141ddcf
Looking at Your Newborn: What's NormalWhen you first meet your newborn, you may be surprised by what you see. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-variations.html/b4629b06-91b5-41c6-8dfd-f8d494164574
Medical Care and Your NewbornBy the time you hold your new baby for the first time, you've probably chosen your little one's doctor. Learn about your newborn's medical care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mednewborn.html/bbcc2be8-a088-404a-bd56-f3fc8f953710
Movement, Coordination, and Your NewbornIt may seem like all babies do is sleep, eat, and cry, but their little bodies are making many movements, some of which are reflexes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/movenewborn.html/bc155a68-b011-44aa-8599-a1f5e773df0a
Sleep and Your NewbornNewborn babies don’t yet have a sense of day and night. They wake often to eat – no matter what time it is.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleepnewborn.html/4f31c9a3-e06c-4c79-9823-95b98e46ec43
Your Child's Development: NewbornDoctors use milestones to tell if a baby is developing as expected. Here are some things your baby may be doing this month.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-newborn.html/37d75e74-2af4-4be8-af9b-9f93f5dd44fb
Your Newborn's GrowthA newborn's growth and development is measured from the moment of birth. Find out if your baby's size is normal, and what to expect as your baby grows.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/grownewborn.html/e0ab9fc0-9148-43ec-b047-e05f68aa23a8
Your Newborn's Hearing, Vision, and Other SensesYour newborn is taking in first sights, sounds, and smells while learning to explore the world through the senses. What are your baby's responses to light, noise, and touch?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sensenewborn.html/d9135684-7436-441f-940c-f50074b15494
kh:age-babyZeroToOnekh:clinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicineLearning, Play & Your Babyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-newborn/learning/88e89928-3b5d-40ee-902e-517968a5c338Learning & Playhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/learning/b874d6df-27b3-4baa-b568-b4317e071da2Newborn Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-care/92cfa6ea-2e13-47d8-a2c6-6678383a3c14Fun & Gameshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/play-learn-center/fun-games/8460285e-bcd9-44c5-991d-1b590d5f8cb9