Kyphosisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-kyphosis-enHD-AR1.jpgEveryone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.kyphosis, kyfosis, kifosis, kiphosis, kyefosis, scoliosis, skoliosis, thoracic, thorax, vertebrae, vertebra, spine, spinal, backbone, bone, back, backbrace, brace, roundback, hunchback, orthopedics, orthopaedics, surgery, spinal fusion, Scheuermann, Sherman, Shurman, posture, thoracolumbosacral orthosis, TLSO03/23/201101/01/201909/02/2019Suken A. Shah, MD and Alicia McCarthy, APRN01/01/2019af13c241-d4fa-45ae-805a-1c88b8048f60https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/<h3>What Is Kyphosis?</h3> <p>Kyphosis (kye-FOH-sis) makes a person's spine rounded so the back looks hunched over. Everyone has some rounding of the spine. But a larger rounding than normal can cause health problems like pain and breathing trouble.</p> <p>Doctors sometimes treat kyphosis with back braces and physical therapy. A larger curve might need surgery.</p> <h3>What Happens in Kyphosis?</h3> <p>The spine is called “the backbone” but it's not just one bone. It's made of lots of small <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> (called vertebrae ) that are stacked and connected by a type of elastic tissue called cartilage. This gives us the flexibility to bend, stretch, balance, and walk.</p> <p>The stacked vertebrae are slight rounded, making the upper back curve out a little bit. When the curve is larger than normal, it's called kyphosis.</p> <p>Kyphosis also can happen in the neck. This is called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cervical-kyphosis.html/"><strong>cervical kyphosis</strong></a>.</p> <h3>What Are the Types of Kyphosis?</h3> <p>The different types of kyphosis in the back are:</p> <p>Congenital kyphosis: A problem with how the vertebrae developed before birth causes this type of kyphosis. It is more noticeable as a child grows.</p> <ul> <li>Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-kyphosis.html/">congenital kyphosis</a>.</li> </ul> <p>Postural kyphosis: This is the most common kind of kyphosis. Kids who slouch over a lot (have &quot;bad&quot; posture) can develop a rounded back.</p> <ul> <li>Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/postural-kyphosis.html/">postural kyphosis</a>.</li> </ul> <p>Scheuermann's kyphosis: Viewed from the side, vertebrae look like stacked rectangles. In Scheuermann's kyphosis, the vertebrae are triangles, or wedge shaped. This makes the spine hunch forward.</p> <ul> <li>Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scheuermann-kyphosis.html/">Scheuermann's kyphosis</a>.</li> </ul>CifosisLa cifosis hace que la columna vertebral de una persona se encorve más de lo normal, de modo que la espalda parezca jorobada.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/kyphosis-esp.html/1de9bc32-1da8-42ee-8ed0-c8ef16ff40c1
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
Cervical KyphosisCervical kyphosis is a curve at the top of the spine (backbone). Usually, the condition isn't serious, but a pinch in the spinal cord can cause nerve damage.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cervical-kyphosis.html/87bf27c4-d943-4a69-a448-1db668c0ddfd
Common Childhood Orthopedic ConditionsFlatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but are they medical problems that can and should be corrected?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/common-ortho.html/aad934f7-72ee-4997-a9e7-9a61a0b4332e
Congenital KyphosisKyphosis is a rounding of the back that some children are born with. It makes the back look hunched over.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-kyphosis.html/e38a6d97-14fd-45cd-8759-7c7769c4a3d8
KyphosisYour spine, or backbone, normally curves forward gently as it runs up your back. Sometimes, though, someone's back can be rounded too far forward, which is a condition known as kyphosis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/kyphosis.html/7edf625a-f62d-482c-954b-fc0baae94c00
Kyphosis Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about this curvature of the spine, and how to help students with kyphosis do their best in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/factsheet-kyphosis.html/15654e7b-85a4-4e12-90dd-b2679a1e4791
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Lumbar SpineA lumbar spine MRI is a painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the bones, disks, and other structures in the lower back.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri-lumbar.html/9590ba4f-a832-441e-a171-dd45bb9e042c
Postural KyphosisPostural kyphosis is rounding or hunching of the back that usually affects teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/postural-kyphosis.html/9e0e0765-bb63-422f-9f09-bdab08da2d29
Scheuermann's KyphosisScheuermann's kyphosis is a condition affecting the upper back that makes it rounded so it looks hunched over. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scheuermann-kyphosis.html/2fac36f0-a377-4804-bd02-67dbc1bb85f8
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scoliosis.html/eb1d36eb-b517-42a5-9d47-7903103cdddc
Spinal Fusion SurgeryA spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that's done to stabilize or straighten the bones in the back. It can help kids and teens with scoliosis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spinal-fusion.html/ccfc7a2f-7027-4aaf-b48a-580be6269bf4
X-Ray Exam: Cervical SpineThis X-ray can, among other things, help find the cause of neck, shoulder, upper back, or arm pain. It's commonly done after someone has been in an automobile or other accident.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-c-spine.html/2e5c4519-896e-49e0-8100-3dc777f7488f
Your BonesWhere would you be without your bones? Learn more about the skeletal system in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/bones.html/ba77b482-c6eb-47da-90a4-3cb148f38f4d
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97Cerebral Palsy and Related Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cerebralpalsy-center/cp-relatedconditions/29cde641-247a-4fbf-8342-32f33b10fd2f