Kawasaki Diseaseenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-kawasaki-enHD-AR1.gifKawasaki disease is an illness that causes inflammation in blood vessels throughout the body. When symptoms are noticed early and treated, kids begin to feel better within a few days.infectious diseases, heart valves, peeling skin, persistent fever, high fever, rashes, skin rashes, arrhythmias, blood vessels, vasculitis, infections, immunizations, vaccines, shots, laboratory tests, fevers, symptoms, prevention, treatments, contagious, doctors, diagnosis, kawasaki diseases, immunology, allergy, allergies, rheumatology, infectious diseases, kawasaki, red eyes, swollen hands, swollen palms, swollen feet, swelling, scarlet fever, measles, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, gamma globulin, aspirin, swollen tongue , cracked lips, CD1Infectious Disease03/23/200005/27/202005/27/2020Karen A. Ravin, MD04/30/20203b74817b-ae7a-4a91-95b7-00ee3eb41cb0https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kawasaki.html/<h3>What Is Kawasaki Disease?</h3> <p>Kawasaki disease is an illness that causes <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/inflammation.html/">inflammation</a>&nbsp;(swelling and redness) in blood vessels throughout the body. It happens in three phases, and a lasting fever usually is the first sign.</p> <p>The condition most often affects kids younger than 5 years old. When symptoms are noticed early and treated, kids with Kawasaki disease begin to feel better within a few days.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Kawasaki Disease?</h3> <p>Kawasaki disease has telltale symptoms and signs that appear in phases. The first phase, which can last for up to 2 weeks, usually involves a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a> that lasts for at least 5 days.</p> <p>Other symptoms include:</p> <ul> <li>red (&quot;bloodshot&quot;) eyes</li> <li>a pink rash on the back, belly, arms, legs, and genital area</li> <li>red, dry, cracked lips</li> <li>a &quot;strawberry&quot; tongue (white coating with red bumps on the tongue)</li> <li>a sore throat</li> <li>swollen palms of the hands and soles of the feet with a purple-red color</li> <li>swollen lymph glands in the neck</li> </ul> <p>The second phase usually begins 2 weeks after the fever started. Symptoms can include:</p> <ul> <li>peeling skin on the hands and feet</li> <li>joint pain</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a></li> <li>belly pain</li> </ul> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>Doctors can treat the symptoms of Kawasaki disease when it's caught early. Most kids will feel better within a few days of starting treatment.</p> <p>If the condition isn't found until later, patients can have serious complications that affect the heart, such as:</p> <ul> <li>an aneurysm (a bulge in the wall) of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart</li> <li>inflammation of the heart muscle, lining, valves, and the outer membrane around the heart</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arrhythmias.html/">arrhythmias</a>, which are changes in the normal pattern of the heartbeat</li> <li>problems with some heart valves</li> </ul> <h3>What Causes Kawasaki Disease?</h3> <p>Doctors don't know what causes Kawasaki disease. They believe it doesn't spread from person to person. It's most common among children of Japanese and Korean descent, but can affect any child.</p> <h3>How Is Kawasaki Disease Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Kawasaki disease symptoms can look similar to those of other childhood <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pmis.html/">viral</a> and bacterial illnesses. Doctors usually diagnose it by asking about the symptoms (such as a long-lasting fever) and doing an exam.</p> <p>If Kawasaki disease looks likely, the doctor:</p> <ul> <li>will order tests to check the heart, such as an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/echo.html/">echocardiogram</a></li> <li>might test blood and urine (pee) samples to rule out other conditions, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scarlet-fever.html/">scarlet fever</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/measles.html/">measles</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rocky.html/">Rocky Mountain spotted fever</a>, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Kawasaki Disease Treated?</h3> <p>Doctors usually treat kids with Kawasaki disease by giving them:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intravenous-line.html/">intravenous (IV)</a> dose of immune globulin (IVIG): These antibodies (proteins) help fight infections. IVIG treatment also lowers the risk of coronary artery aneurysms. IVIG is given once.</li> <li>high-dose aspirin given by mouth to treat inflammation. Patients take aspirin until blood tests show that the inflammation has improved.</li> </ul> <p>Treatment begins as soon as possible. In some children, IVIG may not work and doctors give steroids instead. Steroids can help prevent coronary aneurysms.</p> <p>It's very important for children on high-dose aspirin to get the annual <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu-vaccine-good.html/">flu vaccine</a> to help prevent this viral illness. That's because there's a small risk of a rare condition called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/reye.html/">Reye syndrome</a> in children who take aspirin during a viral illness.</p> <p>Most children with Kawasaki disease start to get much better after a single treatment with immune globulin, though sometimes more doses are needed.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Most kids with Kawasaki disease recover completely, especially when they are diagnosed and treated early. Some, especially those who develop heart problems from Kawasaki disease, might need more testing and to see a cardiologist (a doctor who specializes in conditions that affect the heart).</p>Enfermedad de KawasakiLa enfermedad de Kawasaki es una enfermedad que causa inflamación en los vasos sanguíneos de todo el cuerpo. Cuando los síntomas se detectan pronto y se tratan, los niños con la enfermedad de Kawasaki empiezan a encontrarse mejor en unos pocos días. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/kawasaki-esp.html/0f6bdff5-5775-4e08-93a7-73141f642766
Arrhythmia (Abnormal Heartbeat)An arrhythmia is an abnormal heartbeat usually caused by an electrical "short circuit" in the heart. Many are minor and not a health threat, but some can indicate a more serious problem.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arrhythmias.html/19038a47-2ae4-48f8-8bd5-9e46150171b0
Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C)Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) causes inflammation throughout the body. Doctors are trying to find out how these symptoms are related to coronavirus (COVID-19) infection.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pmis.html/87fd4dae-5285-4967-9fa7-4855df072a29
FeversFevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/42ab5a5d-1c03-493e-acf5-0ac569d1b946
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system are our body's lifeline, delivering blood to the body's tissues. Brush up on your ticker with this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/52398b6a-54a6-4272-a569-42ed5b12aeac
InflammationInflammation is one way the body reacts to infection, injury, or other medical conditions. Many things can cause it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/inflammation.html/5e889918-9a6c-4805-bbd0-3a7d8b5333ab
Reye SyndromeReye syndrome is an extremely rare but serious illness. Cases have dropped greatly since the finding of a link between the illness and aspirin use in kids and teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/reye.html/ae2f35ba-64e1-46a9-85bc-1ba96e73f3f8
Scarlet FeverScarlet fever is an illness caused by a strep infection. It causes a red, bumpy rash that spreads over most of the body, and is treated with antibiotics.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scarlet-fever.html/0efc7920-0a3c-4f87-bf52-408d7ffafa0d
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-cardiologyHeart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8bAllergies & the Immune Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/allergies/22d1d841-c54a-4649-872e-9cd10af36de5Heart Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hearthealth/heartconditions/ba7116cf-3c46-4896-8429-8be5c439795e