Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Juvenile_Myoclonic_Epilepsy_enHD_1.jpgKids with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have one or more of several different kinds of seizures, which begin around the age of puberty.Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, JME, jme, epilepsy, epileptic, types of epilepsy, kids with epilepsy, my child has epilepsy,seizure, seizures, absence, myoclonic, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, absence seizures, Myoclonic seizures, Tonic-clonic seizure, tonic-clonic, tonic clonic, convulsions, eyes rolling back, muscle twitches, jerks, jerking, spasms, neurologist, neurology, brain, electroencephalography , EEG, VEEG, video electroencephalography08/22/201703/13/201809/02/2019Harry T. Chugani, MD08/05/2017f594267f-fabd-48e1-95b8-45e3483b107ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy.html/<h3>What Is Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME)?</h3> <p>Kids with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have one or more of several different kinds of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a>. These include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy.html/">absence seizures</a>, myoclonic seizures, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures, which begin around the age of puberty.</p> <p>Seizures may lessen in adulthood, but medicine may be needed for life.</p> <h3>What Do the Seizures in Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME) Look Like?</h3> <p>The types of seizures that can happen in JME and their symptoms are:</p> <h4>Absence seizure</h4> <ul> <li>starts suddenly in the middle of activity and ends abruptly</li> <li>"blanking out" or staring spells that last about 5 to 20 seconds</li> <li>eyes may flutter or look upward</li> <li>child is unaware of what is going on during the seizure</li> <li>after the seizure, child returns to normal activity and won't remember having the seizure</li> </ul> <h4>Myoclonic seizure</h4> <ul> <li>brief muscle twitches or jerks in the upper arms, shoulders, or neck</li> <li>movements on both sides of the body at the same time</li> <li>child usually is awake and can think clearly during and right after the seizure</li> </ul> <h4>Tonic-clonic seizure</h4> <ul> <li>convulsions, or rigid muscles and rhythmic body jerks</li> <li>eyes rolling back</li> <li>crying out</li> <li>child may pee or poop</li> <li>child can't respond during seizure</li> <li>child is confused and sleepy after the seizure</li> </ul> <p>Seizures in JME happen within 30 minutes of waking up in the morning or after a nap. They're more likely to happen when someone is tired or stressed.</p> <h3>What Causes Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME)?</h3> <p>Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is caused by genetic changes or mutations. Many children have a family member with JME, but not always.</p> <h3>How Is Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME) Diagnosed?</h3> <p>JME is diagnosed by a pediatric neurologist (a doctor who specializes in brain, spine, and nervous system problems) based on signs and symptoms. That the seizures started around puberty is an important clue.</p> <p>Testing may include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eeg.html/">EEG</a>, or electroencephalography (to see brain waves/electrical activity in the brain)</li> <li>VEEG, or video electroencephalography (EEG with video recording)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ct-head.html/">CAT scan</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri-brain.html/">MRI</a> to look inside the brain. This will be normal and is meant to rule out other causes.</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME) Treated?</h3> <p>JME usually gets better with medicines. Your child may take one or more medicines, depending on the seizure types.</p> <p>A few kids will have trouble getting their seizures controlled with medicines.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>Most kids with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy can lead a fairly normal life. To help your child, make sure he or she:</p> <ul> <li>takes medicines as prescribed</li> <li>avoids known seizure triggers, such as lack of sleep, flickering lights (video games, TV, strobe lights), antihistamine medicines (such as Benedryl), and too much <a class="kh_anchor">stress</a></li> </ul> <p>It's important to keep your child safe during a seizure. So make sure that other adults and caregivers (family members, babysitters, teachers, coaches, etc.) know <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/">what to do</a>.</p> <p>Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a lifelong condition. When it's time, help your child successfully <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adult-care.html/">transition into adult health care</a>.</p>Epilepsia mioclónica juvenilLos niños con epilepsia mioclónica juvenil (JME) tienen uno o más de varios tipos distintos de crisis epilépticas. Estas incluyen las crisis de ausencia, las crisis mioclónicas y las crisis tónico-clónicas generalizadas, que se desarrollan alrededor de la edad de la etapa de la pubertad.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-esp.html/be672dc2-ab8a-42da-8050-fd23adea6cf8
Benign Rolandic EpilepsyKids with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC) have seizures that involve twitching, numbness, or tingling of the face or tongue.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brec.html/cacf42b8-6bd0-4265-92db-97852a24d2cd
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE)Kids with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have seizures where they "blank out" for a few seconds. Most kids will outgrow CAE.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy.html/612e939f-cd06-4a14-8904-279264e58bb8
EpilepsySeizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Learn all about epilepsy, including what to do if you see someone having a seizure.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/epilepsy.html/85df049a-dc59-41a5-b92c-421ea2d711be
Epilepsy Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about epilepsy, and what they can do to help students with the condition succeed in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-factsheet.html/83a2f877-3f5b-41d4-949f-1e24584cfabc
Epilepsy SurgeryEpilepsy surgery is an operation done on the brain to reduce or stop seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-surgery.html/62a50c44-d6c5-44e2-b4d2-697d4d8aa46c
First Aid: SeizuresAlthough seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life-threatening.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/b5b828f7-d921-49cf-9b8a-79401d2378e9
Intractable EpilepsyIntractable epilepsy is when a child's seizures can't be controlled by medicines. Doctors may recommend surgery or other treatments for intractable seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intractable-epilepsy.html/b8735f52-1cd8-4dc4-9c1e-b0af479bdac5
SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/17184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44
Temporal Lobe EpilepsyKids with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have seizures that start in one of the temporal lobes of the brain. Seizures usually get better with medicine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/temporal-lobe-epilepsy.html/a45446cb-f4f8-4aa6-a259-9248db76f764
Word! SeizureYou might hear a seizure called a convulsion, fit, or spell.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-seizure.html/70e445af-ba78-41bd-94f7-293962fa407b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-neurologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-neurologyBrain & Nervous Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/brain/d6b00a11-9db0-403c-bc41-00bcdf022537