Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)enparents growth restriction is when a baby in the womb doesn't grow at the expected rate during the pregnancy. Women with IUGR should eat a healthy diet; get enough sleep; and avoid alcohol, drugs, and, babies, womb, uterus, fetus, fetal, natal, prenatal, perinatal, postnatal, NICU, newborn, Intrauterine Growth Restriction, IUGR, small for gestational age, SGA, small baby, tiny baby, premie, preemie, premature, low birth weight, small, short, stature, growth, growth problem, lack of nourishment, sick baby, born early, C-section06/09/201107/15/202007/15/2020Larissa Hirsch, MD07/07/2020ddc32751-989b-4fb6-94d1-5da6cdb1d23e<h3>What Is Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)?</h3> <p>Intrauterine growth restriction, or IUGR, is when a baby in the womb (a fetus) does not grow as expected. The baby is not as big as would be expected for <a href="">the stage of the mother's pregnancy</a>. This timing is known as an unborn baby's "gestational age."</p> <p>The two types of IUGR are:</p> <ul> <li><strong>symmetrical IUGR:</strong> all parts of the baby's body are similarly small in size</li> <li><strong>asymmetrical IUGR:</strong> the baby's head and brain are the expected size, but the rest of the baby's body is small</li> </ul> <h3>What Causes IUGR?</h3> <p>Often, IUGR happens because the fetus doesn't get enough <a href="">nutrients</a> and nourishment. This can happen if there is a problem with:</p> <ul> <li>the placenta, the tissue that brings nutrients and oxygen to the developing baby</li> <li>the blood flow in the umbilical cord, which connects the baby to the placenta</li> </ul> <p>Intrauterine growth restriction also can happen if a pregnant woman:</p> <ul> <li><a href="">smokes</a>, <a href="">drinks alcohol</a>, or uses drugs</li> <li>has an infection, such as <a href="">cytomegalovirus</a>, <a href="">German measles (rubella)</a>, <a href="">toxoplasmosis</a>, or <a href="">syphilis</a></li> <li>takes some types of medicines, such as some seizure treatments&nbsp;</li> <li>has a medical condition such as <a href="">lupus</a>, <a href="">anemia</a>, or clotting problems</li> <li>has <a href="">high blood pressure (hypertension)</a></li> <li>is carrying a baby that has a genetic disorder or <a href="">birth defect</a></li> <li>is pregnant with <a href="">multiples</a> (such as twins or triplets)</li> </ul> <h3>How Is IUGR Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Before babies are born, doctors check their growth by measuring the mother's belly from the top of the pubic bone to the top of the uterus. This is called the <strong>uterine fundal height</strong>.</p> <p>They also can do a <a href=""><strong>prenatal ultrasound</strong></a>, which is how IUGR often is diagnosed. A technician coats the woman's belly with a gel and then moves a probe (wand-like instrument) over it. High-frequency sound waves create pictures of the baby on a computer screen. These pictures help doctors estimate the baby's size and weight. These estimates aren't exact, but they do help health care providers track the baby's growth and see if there's a problem. Ultrasounds also can help find other issues, such as problems with the placenta or a low level of amniotic fluid (the fluid surrounding the fetus). Doctors will also use ultrasounds to check the blood flow to the placenta and through the umbilical cord.</p> <p>If they think a baby has IUGR, doctors also might do such tests as:</p> <ul> <li>fetal monitoring to track the baby's heart rate and movements</li> <li>screening the mother for infections that could affect the baby</li> <li><a href="">amniocentesis</a> to look for genetic causes of IUGR (and sometimes to help them see how mature the baby's lungs are)&nbsp;</li> </ul> <h3>How Is IUGR Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment for intrauterine growth restriction depends on how far along the pregnancy is and how the baby is doing. Doctors will watch a baby with IUGR closely during <a href="">prenatal visits</a>. They'll do ultrasounds, keep track of growth, and watch for other problems.</p> <p>If the baby's mother has a condition, doctors will help her manage it. This might include making sure she eats a healthy and nutritious diet and gains the right amount of weight during her pregnancy. Some women might go on bed rest to try to improve blood flow to the baby.</p> <p>Sometimes, doctors will recommend <a href="">inducing labor</a> and delivery early. They might do this if the baby seems to have stopped growing, or if there's a problem with the placenta or the blood flow in the umbilical cord.</p> <p>A woman might have a <a href="">cesarean section (C-section)</a> if the stress of a vaginal delivery is considered too risky for the baby.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>Babies with IUGR are more at risk for some kinds of health problems. Those <a href="">born early</a> or who are very small at birth are more likely to need to stay in the hospital for a longer time. They also might need special care in the <a href="">neonatal intensive care unit (the NICU)</a>.</p> <p>Other problems that can be related to intrauterine growth restriction include:</p> <ul> <li>problems with breathing and feeding</li> <li>trouble keeping a steady body temperature</li> <li>abnormal blood cell counts</li> <li>low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia)</li> <li>problems fighting off infections</li> <li>neurological problems</li> </ul> <p>The long-term effects of IUGR on a baby may depend on the condition that caused the problem.</p> <h3>What Can I Do if My Baby Has IUGR?</h3> <p>If your baby might have IUGR, follow your doctor's advice and go to all <a href="">prenatal</a> visits and <a href="">testing appointments</a>. This helps your doctor see how your baby is developing and growing.</p> <p>Take good care of yourself by:</p> <ul> <li>eating a <a href="">healthy diet</a></li> <li>getting enough <a href="">sleep</a></li> <li>avoiding alcohol, drugs, and tobacco</li> </ul>Restricción del crecimiento intrauterinoLa restricción del crecimiento intrauterino es el crecimiento de un bebé en el vientre (feto) que no ocurre según lo esperado. El bebé no es tan grande como se espera para la etapa del embarazo de la madre. Esto es lo que se conoce como la "edad gestacional" del bebé por nacer.
Are Some Medicines Off-Limits During Pregnancy?Find out what the experts have to say.
Eating During PregnancyTo eat well during pregnancy, your extra calories should come from nutritious foods that contribute to your baby's growth and development.
Fetal Alcohol SyndromeIf a woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, her baby could be born with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which causes a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems.
Inducing LaborFind out why doctors may induce labor if you're past your due date, how it may be done, and how it may affect you and your baby.
Is It OK to Have an Occasional Drink During Pregnancy?Find out what the experts have to say.
Medical Care During PregnancyThe sooner in pregnancy good care begins, the better for the health of both moms and their babies. Here's what to expect.
Pregnancy & Newborn CenterAdvice and information for expectant and new parents.
Pregnancy Precautions: FAQsMoms-to-be have a lot of questions about what's safe during pregnancy. Keep your sanity by knowing what you can - and can't - do before your baby arrives.
Pregnant or Breastfeeding? Nutrients You NeedLearn which nutrients you need while pregnant or breastfeeding, and easy ways to add them to your diet.
Prenatal Tests: FAQsEvery parent-to-be hopes for a healthy baby, but it can be hard not to worry. Find out what tests can keep you informed of your health — and your baby's — throughout pregnancy.
Prenatal Tests: First TrimesterFind out what tests may be offered to you during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Prenatal Tests: Second TrimesterFind out what tests may be offered to you during weeks 13 through 26 of pregnancy.
Prenatal Tests: Third TrimesterFind out what tests may be offered to you during weeks 27 through 40 of pregnancy.
Sleeping During PregnancyCatching enough ZZZs during pregnancy can be difficult for many women. Here's why - plus tips for better sleep.
Staying Healthy During PregnancyDuring your pregnancy, you'll probably get advice from everyone. But staying healthy depends on you - read about the many ways to keep you and your baby as healthy as possible.
Taking Care of Your Mental Health During PregnancyPregnancy brings a mix of feelings, and not all of them are good. It can be even harder if you're dealing with depression or anxiety.
What Are the Risks of Smoking During Pregnancy?Find out what the experts have to say.
What Is Prenatal Care Before Pregnancy?What should women who are planning a pregnancy do before they conceive? Find out here.
What Is a Growth Disorder?The other kids in the class have been getting taller and developing into young adults, but your child's growth seems to be lagging behind. Could a growth disorder be the cause?
kh:age-NAkh:clinicalDesignation-neonatologykh:clinicalDesignation-obgynkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-neonatologyHealth Problems of Preemies Glands, Growth & Diabetes Health Conditions