What Is Informed Consent?enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-QA-enHD-AR1.gifFind out what the experts have to say.informed consent, surgical procedures, surgery, getting the facts about surgery, patient education, talking to your doctor, asking questions, asking about medical care, medical information, healthcare information, health care, co-pays, insurance, hmos, co-pays, surgeons, hospitals, doctors, procedures05/22/200911/14/201911/14/2019Kate M. Cronan, MD11/11/2019c195f4cd-bc35-460a-8595-a48ff0d2d995https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/informed-consent.html/<p><em>My son is having surgery in a few weeks. The nurses gave us educational materials to learn more about it, in preparation for something called "informed consent." What does this mean?</em><br /> <em>&ndash; Ned</em></p> <p>Informed consent is a legal term. It means that you are fully aware of the facts of a situation (in this case, a surgical procedure) before agreeing to it. Other situations that need informed consent include <a class="kh_anchor">blood transfusions</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anesthesia.html/">anesthesia</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">vaccines</a>.</p> <p>To get your informed consent, the doctor will discuss with you things such as:</p> <ul> <li>your child's diagnosis</li> <li>details about the procedure or treatment, and why it's recommended</li> <li>the risks and benefits involved</li> <li>any possible alternative treatments</li> <li>the risks and benefits of any alternatives</li> <li>the risks and benefits of NOT undergoing the treatment or procedure</li> </ul> <p>It is the doctor's responsibility to make sure you understand the medical problem and treatment. During the discussion, you can ask questions. This is your right and responsibility &mdash; and there's no such thing as a silly question. You'll be asked to sign a written consent form before the surgery. If you can't be there to sign the form, you'll be contacted by phone to give your consent.</p> <p>In rare emergencies, a parent might be unavailable to give consent for a treatment for a young child &mdash; for example, if an unconscious patient comes into the ER. Then, doctors apply the principle of "presumed"or "implied" consent, using their professional judgment to do what is best for the child.</p>¿Qué es el consentimiento informado?La expresión "consentimiento informado" es de tipo legal. Significa que usted es plenamente consciente de los datos reales de una situación (en este caso, de un procedimiento quirúrgico) antes de dar su visto bueno.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/informed-consent-esp.html/f8fbd7ed-c27b-4636-bd31-8ad16426aa85
Anesthesia BasicsKnowing the basics of anesthesia may help answer your questions and ease some concerns — both yours and your child's.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anesthesia-basics.html/8e380cff-452f-4df7-a24d-ae1fe80ab1eb
Talking to Your Child's DoctorBuilding a relationship with your child's doctor requires communication and reasonable expectations.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-doctor.html/27ae947a-1ed1-435e-ab95-61c84d7fde8d
Who's Who in the HospitalParents are likely to be stressed when a child is hospitalized, and questions about the people providing medical care and what roles they play can add to the confusion. Our guide can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hospital-staff.html/6f866b9c-dffd-422f-8ddf-2ce581f21f63
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:clinicalDesignation-generalSurgerykh:genre-qAndAkh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsSurgical Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/surgical/e79494d5-d5b9-41cd-99a0-13b82606c9adMedical Conditions Q&Ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/question/medical/013379b2-4069-48d3-b104-08e298eaf1b4Managing Health Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cerebralpalsy-center/cp-healthcare/c3441eff-b2e9-402b-a9e4-caa7dd66cae4Cancer Treatment & Preventionhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/treatment/9b82611a-8da8-4937-991c-407024862b68When Your Child Has Surgeryhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/surgery/bf0ccfe3-e844-44b9-bf7e-d3e2a660e40aCancer Q&Ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/q-a/bf627d3d-7491-4d4c-8133-7ab6b60d8849Medical Tests & Examshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medical/b5327501-2bda-444b-8df1-a1af15af79cb