Infantile Hemangiomasenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Infantile_Hemangiomas_enHD_1.jpgA hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. An infantile hemangioma becomes visible in the first few weeks after birth. infantile hemangioma, vascular, radiology, arteriovenous malformation, venous malformations, arteriovenous, malformations, veins, birthmarks, birth marks, hemangiomas, venous, circulation capillaries, radiology, radiologists, interventional radiologist, involute, sclerotherapy, blood vessels, angiogram, vascular anomaly, vascular malformations, involutel, involution, skin, dermatology, laser, embolize, embolization, ligate, ligation, congenital, infantile 09/18/201712/21/201709/02/2019Annie Kyoung Lim, DO11/14/20175d6fe0c4-6c93-445e-b6e1-79172591e522https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infantile-hemangioma.html/<h3>What Is an Infantile Hemangioma?</h3> <p>An infantile hemangioma (hee-man-jee-OH-muh) is a type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birthmarks.html/">birthmark</a> that happens when a tangled group of blood vessels grows in or under a baby's skin.</p> <p>Infantile hemangiomas become visible in the first few days to weeks after a baby is born. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemangiomas.html/">Hemangiomas</a> that are visible at birth are called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-hemangioma.html/"><strong>congenital hemangiomas</strong></a>. They grow differently and are treated differently. Infantile hemangiomas are much more common than congenital hemangiomas.</p> <p>The two main types of infantile hemangiomas are:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Superficial hemangiomas</strong>, or cutaneous ("in-the-skin") hemangiomas, grow on the skin surface. They're also called strawberry hemangiomas or strawberry marks because of their bumpy red appearance.</li> <li><strong>Deep hemangiomas</strong> grow under the skin, making it bulge, often with a blue or purple tint. Deep hemangiomas are also called subcutaneous ("under the skin") hemangiomas.</li> </ol> <p>Hemangiomas also may develop in organs inside the body, such as the kidneys, lungs, liver, or brain, where they can't be seen.</p> <p><img class="left" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemangiomaSuperficial_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Illustration: Superficial Hemangioma" /></p> <p></p> <p><img class="left" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemangiomaDeep_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Illustration: Deep Hemangioma" /></p> <p></p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of an Infantile Hemangioma?</h3> <p>Most infantile hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. They usually grow the fastest within the first 3 months. Shrinking may start in the later part of the first year and continue until a child is age 7 or older. Infantile hemangiomas often shrink (or <strong>involute</strong>) to the point that they're no longer noticeable.</p> <p>Because hemangiomas grow and change, they're called tumors, but they're not a kind of cancer. Hemangiomas do not spread to other places in the body or to other people.</p> <p>A child can have more than one hemangioma.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>A hemangioma may cause problems by:</p> <ul> <li>blocking vision or eye movements</li> <li>reducing air flow through the nose and mouth</li> <li>bleeding</li> <li>breaking down the skin surface (ulceration)</li> <li>having enough blood flowing through it to put a strain on the baby's heart</li> <li>affecting the child's appearance</li> </ul> <p>Also, a large hemangioma on the face can be associated with vascular anomalies in the brain.</p> <p>Infantile hemangiomas often grow on the head or neck, where they can't easily be concealed by clothing. Sometimes, the appearance of a hemangioma can make a child the target of teasing or <a class="kh_anchor">bullying</a>.</p> <h3>What Causes an Infantile Hemangioma?</h3> <p>The cause of infantile hemangiomas is unknown.</p> <h3>Who Gets Infantile Hemangiomas?</h3> <p>Hemangiomas are more common in babies born <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preemies.html/">prematurely</a> (before their due date), at a low birth weight, or as part of a multiple birth (twins, triplets, etc.).</p> <p>Hemangiomas may run in families, but no genetic cause has been found.</p> <h3>How Are Infantile Hemangiomas Diagnosed?</h3> <p>An infantile hemangioma of the skin is usually recognized by how it looks and when it appears. Tests such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri.html/">MRI</a> or ultrasound scans can be done to see how far the hemangioma goes under the skin and whether it affects any internal organs.</p> <h3>How Are Infantile Hemangiomas Treated?</h3> <p>Most infantile hemangiomas are not treated because they usually go away on their own. The skin usually looks better if a hemangioma shrinks naturally rather than being treated.</p> <p>When a hemangioma is causing a serious problem &mdash; such as bleeding or interfering with vision &mdash; treatment may be the best option.</p> <p>These treatments might be used alone or in combination:</p> <ul> <li>medicine: <ul> <li>injected into the hemangioma</li> <li>taken by mouth or circulated through a vein (IV)</li> </ul> </li> <li>surgery to completely remove the hemangioma</li> <li>tying the vessel shut in a surgical procedure (ligation)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/embolization.html/">embolization</a>:&nbsp;blocking the vessels from the inside using a long, thin tube called a catheter that reaches the hemangioma through blood vessels</li> <li>surface laser for skin color changes</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>If treatment is needed, your child's doctors will discuss the options available and which is most likely to work well with minimum scarring or other side effects.</p> <p>When an infantile hemangioma goes away on its own, it may leave behind a flap of stretched skin. Depending on the look and location of the loose skin, it might be removed with surgery.</p>
Arteriovenous Malformations An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Large AVMs or multiple AVMs usually needs medical treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arteriovenous-malformations.html/df73e390-8d76-402e-9219-8f43f8a7fdb9
BirthmarksBirthmarks that babies are born with, or develop soon after birth, are mostly harmless and many even go away on their own, but sometimes they're associated with certain health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birthmarks.html/b901b39b-66e0-41a8-b6fa-83721cc48727
CLOVES SyndromeCLOVES syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cloves-syndrome.html/0bfa9c17-b66f-4268-94cd-5b5f29fd7e88
Congenital Hemangiomas A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. A congenital hemangioma is one that a baby is born with. They're usually a bluish or purple circle or oval. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-hemangioma.html/902c547d-f9c9-4edc-86c9-6f6bef5bb4d3
EmbolizationEmbolization is a procedure in which plugging material or a plugging object is put into a blood vessel to block it. It's used to help treat many conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/embolization.html/60430803-a6ec-4663-8738-99ca92208556
HemangiomasA hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. Most hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. Some will require treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemangiomas.html/70accfce-1b1a-4220-9fee-c82f4601c69a
Hemangiomas: Suzanne's StoryWhen Anna was born, she developed red spots that her parents learned were hemangiomas, benign birthmarks that she eventually outgrew. Her mother tells her story.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemangiomas-story.html/69a7f1b7-2007-4e63-8e9c-a5dd221a3412
Looking at Your Newborn: What's NormalWhen you first meet your newborn, you may be surprised by what you see. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-variations.html/b4629b06-91b5-41c6-8dfd-f8d494164574
Neurocutaneous SyndromesNeurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. Learn how to maximize the quality of life for children with these diseases.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neurocutaneous.html/7e9e3b3a-59da-4998-8655-57927110240f
Port-Wine StainsFor most kids, these birthmarks are no big deal — they're just part of who they are. Read about port-wine stains, how to care for them, and, if necessary, what treatments are available.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/port-wine-stains.html/9573f8e2-b366-4cfa-945a-c5e97e0a3b74
Venous Malformations A venous malformation (VM) is a place in the body where veins haven't grown the right way. VMs can be difficult to treat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/venous-malformations.html/8d09d5c3-704c-4815-ab68-0161ee369be5
What's a Birthmark?Birthmarks, also known as hemangiomas, get their name for one reason: They are marks on the skin of a lot of newborn babies! Find out more about birthmarks in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/birthmark.html/fc06de92-ad49-4647-a8a1-48bca99cb9b7
Word! HemangiomaThis is a big word for a type of birthmark.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-hemangioma.html/3708f0e4-2c06-4979-af40-992cdb4469de
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-dermatologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-radiologyAndMedicalImagingHeart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8bhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemangiomaSuperficial_a_enIL.jpghttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/hemangiomaDeep_a_enIL.jpg