Immune Thrombocytopeniaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_02_2.jpgImmune thrombocytopenia happens when the immune system attacks platelets. Viral infections often trigger this in children, but it usually goes away within 6 months. Immune thrombocytopenia, blood abnormality, thrombocytopenia, blood cells, platelets, blood clotting, red or purple spots, spots on the skin, bleeding, immune system, red spots, purple spots, viral infections, blood clot, immunoglobulins, rituximab, clots, clotting, bruises, bruising, bleeds, nose bleeds, nosebleeds, petechiae, purpura, thrombocytopenia, low platelet count, platelets, bruising, bruises, petechiae, purpura, hematuria, large dark spots, bleeding in the brain, bleeding, brain bleed, chemotherapy, chemo, lupus, chemo side effects, aplastic anemia, bone marrow failure, bone marrow, bone marrow biopsy, red spots on the skin, leukemia, blood cancer, hematologist, hematology, hem onc, ibuprofen, aspirin, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, red blood cells, blood cells, disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hemolytic uremic syndrome, spleen, anticonvulsants, antibiotics, red blood cell transfusion, bleeding gums, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, oncologist, oncology, Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura07/19/201907/20/201907/20/2019Robin E. Miller, MD07/15/2019e3394139-7552-44ca-a443-e5de47938723https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune-thrombocytopenia.html/<h3>What Is Immune Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>Immune thrombocytopenia &mdash; or immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) &mdash; happens when the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a>, which fights germs and infections, attacks the body's platelets. Platelets are cells that stop bleeding by forming blood clots. Without enough platelets, kids with the condition bleed easily.</p> <p>In most children, immune <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thrombocytopenia.html/">thrombocytopenia</a> (throm-buh-sye-tuh-PEE-nee-uh) goes away within 6 months. But sometimes it can last longer, or come back after going away.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Immune Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>A child with immune thrombocytopenia may have:</p> <ul> <li>bleeding that happens easily, such as: <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nose-bleed.html/">nosebleeds</a></li> <li>bleeding from the gums</li> <li>blood in the poop (stool) or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hematuria.html/">pee (urine)</a></li> <li>heavy and longer <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-menstruation.html/">periods</a> (in girls)</li> </ul> </li> <li>bleeding under the skin that leads to: <ul> <li>easy bruising</li> <li>small red or purple spots on the skin called petechiae (peh-TEE-kee-eye)</li> <li>purple spots that look like bruises called purpura (PURR-pyur-ah)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <p>Very rarely, immune thrombocytopenia can cause bleeding in the brain (a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strokes.html/">stroke</a>).</p> <h3>What Causes Immune Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>Immune thrombocytopenia happens when the immune system attacks platelets. Viral infections often trigger this in children. Less commonly, another illness or autoimmune disease or a medicine can trigger ITP. Often, it isn't clear what triggers the immune system to attack platelets.</p> <h3>Who Gets Immune Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>Most cases of childhood immune thrombocytopenia happen in kids 1&ndash;7 years old. But it can happen in older kids and teens. Usually, the child is otherwise healthy and feels well.</p> <h3>How Is Immune Thrombocytopenia Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose immune thrombocytopenia, doctors:</p> <ul> <li>asks questions</li> <li>do an exam</li> <li>do <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/injections-tests.html/">blood tests</a> to: <ul> <li>do a platelet count</li> <li>make sure the other blood counts (red blood cells and white blood cells) are normal</li> <li>look for signs of infection</li> <li>check for other causes of low platelets</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <h3>How Is Immune Thrombocytopenia Treated?</h3> <p>Treating immune thrombocytopenia depends on how severe the symptoms are. Children who only have bruising and red pinpoint spots may not need any treatment.</p> <p>When needed, treatments may include:</p> <ul> <li>medicines that stop the immune system from attacking platelets, such as: <ul> <li>steroids</li> <li>an IV injection of antibodies (immunoglobulins or rituximab)&nbsp;</li> </ul> </li> <li>medicines to help the body make more platelets</li> <li>surgery to remove the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spleen-lymphatic.html/">spleen</a> because the spleen is where the platelets are removed from the blood. This is done only when a child has serious symptoms that don't improve with other treatments.</li> </ul> <h3>What Can Parents Do?</h3> <p>While they have immune thrombocytopenia, kids need to:</p> <ul> <li>avoid sports and activities (such as bike riding and contact sports) that could lead to injury and bleeding</li> <li>not take medicines that contain ibuprofen (such as Motrin or Advil) or aspirin, which make bleeding more likely</li> </ul> <p>Most children with immune thrombocytopenia recover fully within a few months. Help your child by:</p> <ul> <li>going to all doctor's appointments</li> <li>following the doctor's advice on which activities are OK and which to avoid</li> <li>contacting the doctor and going to a hospital right away if your child has a head injury</li> <li>making sure your child avoids any medicines as your doctor recommends</li> <li>calling the doctor if your child has new symptoms of bleeding, bruising, or red or purplish spots on the skin</li> </ul>Trombocitopenia inmunitariaEn la mayoría de los niños, la trombocitopenia inmunitaria desaparece en unos 6 meses. Pero a veces puede durar más, o reaparecer al cabo de un tiempo. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/immune-thrombocytopenia-esp.html/d020a1a6-2a42-4db5-9201-7fe56ba3ba4b
AnemiaAnemia happens when there aren't enough healthy red blood cells in the body. It can be caused by many things, including dietary problems, medical treatments, and inherited conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/cadf550b-1db2-4772-9883-15e286b4dd16
Aplastic AnemiaAplastic anemia happens when the body can't make enough blood cells. A person can develop anemia, infections, and bleeding. Treatments can help with most kinds of aplastic anemia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aplastic-anemia.html/12092cc9-c730-4501-9387-eb1b07fc6cef
First Aid: NosebleedsAlthough they can be serious, nosebleeds are common in children ages 3 to 10 years and most stop on their own.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nosebleeds-sheet.html/954f063f-b8d3-4b44-ab81-ce290d2286d5
Hemolytic AnemiaHemolytic anemia is a type of anemia that happens when red blood cells break down faster than the body can make them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia-hemolytic.html/96ee66f4-9630-48f3-b91e-211b818e0d91
Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP)Most kids who develop this inflammation of the blood vessels (marked by a raised red and purple rash) make a full recovery and have no long-term problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hsp.html/83567254-61a6-4f41-8c27-d8247f0e5a67
Hereditary Spherocytosis Hereditary spherocytosis is an inherited blood disorder. Treatments can help with symptoms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hereditary-spherocytosis.html/bed62c20-71ec-44e8-a6ff-50ee975e58ec
Immune SystemThe immune system, composed of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that protect against germs and microorganisms, is the body's defense against disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/d5495b69-ecfe-4b16-a87f-a9f5664e71d6
NosebleedsA nosebleed can be scary, but it's rarely cause for alarm. Here's how to handle one at home.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nose-bleed.html/3451cda7-8916-456b-8a6a-135fe41e717a
ThrombocytopeniaThrombocytopenia is when someone has too few platelets in their bloodstream. Many things can cause it and most can be treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thrombocytopenia.html/d9183719-05d5-48b3-9b17-d38283e3bec1
Von Willebrand DiseaseEasy bruising and excessive bleeding can be signs of Von Willebrand disease, a genetic disorder that affects blood's ability to clot.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vwd.html/de8a5ff7-01d2-4fbe-8123-234c81492d72
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-hematologykh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-hematologyAllergies & the Immune Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/allergies/22d1d841-c54a-4649-872e-9cd10af36de5Heart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8b