Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-irritableBowel-enHD-AR1.gifIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal problem that can cause cramps, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Certain foods can trigger these problems. So can anxiety, stress, and infections.IBS, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, ibs, cramps, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, gastrointestinal problem, stomach pains, stomach ache, nervous stomach, spastic colon, CD1Inflammatory Bowel Disease, CD1Gastroenterology10/14/200512/06/201609/02/2019J. Fernando del Rosario, MD10/01/201642b47e2e-11e3-47af-96e3-2bd0b67dc7e5https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibs.html/<h3>What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?</h3> <p>Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal problem that can cause cramps, gas, bloating, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/constipation.html/">constipation</a>. It's sometimes called a "nervous stomach" or a "spastic colon." Certain foods can trigger the symptoms of IBS. So can anxiety, stress, and infections.</p> <p>Although IBS can be uncomfortable and embarrassing for kids, it doesn't cause serious health problems. Doctors can help kids manage IBS symptoms with changes in diet and lifestyle. Sometimes doctors will prescribe medicines to help relieve symptoms.&nbsp;</p> <h3>Causes of IBS</h3> <p>The specific cause of IBS is unknown, though it tends to run in families. Kids with IBS may be more sensitive to belly pain, discomfort, and fullness than kids who don't have IBS. Some foods &mdash;&nbsp;like milk, chocolate, drinks with caffeine, gassy foods, and fatty foods&nbsp;<span style="line-height: 16.8px;">&mdash;</span><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">&nbsp;also tend to trigger IBS. Sometimes, people never find out what triggers their IBS symptoms.</span></p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/kh-slider.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/bodybasics-flash-digestive-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <p>Some kids with IBS tend to be more sensitive to stress and emotional upsets. Because nerves in the colon are linked to the brain, things like family problems, moving, taking tests, or even going on vacation can affect how the colon works. &nbsp;</p> <h3>Symptoms of IBS</h3> <p>People with IBS have belly pain or discomfort and a change in bowel habits (pooping). Other signs of IBS may include bloating, belching (burping), flatulence (farting), heartburn, nausea (feeling sick), and feeling full quickly.&nbsp;</p> <p>IBS symptoms last for at least 3 months and include at least two of the following: &nbsp;</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">pain or discomfort that feels better after a bowel movement</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">pain or discomfort together with changes in how often a person has to go to the bathroom</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">pain or discomfort along with changes in the way the stool (poop) normally looks. Some people get constipated and their stools become hard (and difficult to pass). Others have diarrhea.</span></li> </ul> <h3>Diagnosing IBS</h3> <p>There is no specific test for IBS. Doctors usually diagnose it by asking about symptoms and by doing a physical exam. Your doctor will also want to know if anyone in the family has IBS or other gastrointestinal problems.&nbsp;</p> <p>Answering questions about things like gas and diarrhea can be embarrassing for kids. Assure your child that the doctor deals with issues like this every day and needs the information to help your child feel better.&nbsp;</p> <p>The doctor may suggest that you help your child keep a food diary to see if certain foods trigger IBS symptoms. The doctor may also ask about stress at home and at school.</p> <p>Most of the time, doctors don't need medical tests to diagnose IBS, but sometimes they order <a class="kh_anchor">blood </a>and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest8.html/">stool </a>(poop) tests, X-rays, or other tests to make sure another medical problem is not causing the trouble.</p> <h3>Treatment</h3> <p>There's no cure for IBS. But many things can help reduce IBS symptoms, including:</p> <ul> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Changes in eating.</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"> Some kids with IBS find that careful eating helps reduce or get rid of IBS symptoms. Your child might have to avoid milk and dairy products, drinks with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/child-caffeine.html/">caffeine</a>, gassy foods, or other foods that seem to trigger the symptoms. Some people with IBS feel better when they eat smaller, more frequent meals.</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"><strong>Changes in lifestyle.</strong> If your child's IBS seems to be related to <a class="kh_anchor">stress</a>, talk about what you can do to help manage pressures related to school, home, or friends.</span></li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Regular exercise.</strong> <span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/exercise.html/">Exercise</a>&nbsp;can help digestion. It's also a great stress reliever.&nbsp;</span></li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Medicines.</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"> Doctors sometimes prescribe medicines to treat diarrhea, constipation, or cramps. Antidepressants may help some people with pain management and depression. Talk with your doctor before giving a child with IBS any over-the-counter medicines for diarrhea, constipation, cramps, or other digestive problems.</span></li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Counseling and coping strategies.</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"> If your child has a lot of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anxiety-disorders.html/">anxiety</a>&nbsp;or seems <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depressed</a>, your doctor might recommend a child psychologist or therapist. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/">Therapy</a>, hypnosis, breathing exercises, or other relaxation techniques can help some people manage IBS.</span></li> </ul> <p>IBS can affect your child's quality of life. Talk with your doctor about ways to manage IBS to help your child lead an active and healthy life.</p>Síndrome del intestino irritableEl síndrome del intestino irritable es un problema intestinal común que puede provocar calambres, gases, hinchazón, diarrea y estreñimiento. También recibe el nombre de "colon irritable". https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/ibs-esp.html/78575fce-34be-44bc-bbdc-ed470bcb8bb8
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Celiac DiseaseKids who have celiac disease, a disorder that makes their bodies react to gluten, can't eat certain kinds of foods. Find out more - including what foods are safe and where to find them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/celiac-disease.html/958894f9-478f-4bc1-b7d6-7ef14b7c03bb
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ConstipationConstipation is a very common problem that usually happens because a person's diet doesn't include enough fluids and fiber. In most cases, making simple changes can help you feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/constipation.html/081f841e-c4c9-493e-a8df-160a60905046
DiarrheaMost kids battle diarrhea from time to time, so it's important to know what to do to relieve and even prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/38efbf41-ac94-4d02-be5d-365f9b03cc12
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to two chronic diseases that cause intestinal inflammation: ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Although they have features in common, there are some important differences.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibd.html/cb91f77f-42ea-4e8c-ba7b-df35e1cbc35e
Irritable Bowel SyndromeHaving irritable bowel syndrome can make a kid feel awful. The good news is that kids can take steps to feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/ibs.html/f1d5a462-599e-40ac-ad7f-bbe405afa50f
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Milk Allergy in InfantsAlmost all infants are fussy at times. But some are very fussy because they have an allergy to the protein in cow's milk, which is the basis for most commercial baby formulas.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/milk-allergy.html/61e0a090-3b09-4e26-a53e-a0dc3945e818
Relax & Unwind CenterWhen life throws problems your way, learn how to stay calm, de-stress, and solve problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/relax-center.html/ed6fb808-a2de-4cc5-bec8-31fefba6f49c
StomachachesUgh. Bellyaches. Find out what causes tummy trouble in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/abdominal-pain.html/2f422a06-b7a6-41f4-86b4-74e00ebf019a
Stress & Coping CenterVisit our stress and coping center for advice on how to handle stress, including different stressful situations.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/stress-center.html/31890be1-2161-48bf-9246-74d3be74d3b3
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