Low Calcium in Babies (Hypocalcemia)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_02_2.jpgHypocalcemia is when the blood has too little calcium. It can be treated with calcium and vitamin D supplements.hypocalcemia, neonatal hypocalcemia, babies and hypocalcemia, calcium, calcium deficiency disease, vitamin d, vitamins, bones, bone health, weak bones, thyroid, parathyroid, muscle spasms, cramps, seizures, calcium in blood, not enough calcium, low blood calcium, minerals, low calcium, rickets02/01/202102/04/202102/04/2021Melanie L. Pitone, MD02/01/202114f3adbe-78b0-44fd-bf20-050da9dce452https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypocalcemia.html/<h3>What Is Hypocalcemia?</h3> <p>Hypocalcemia (hye-poe-kal-SEE-mee-uh)<span style="font-size: 1em;">&nbsp;is when the level of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/">calcium</a> in the blood is too low. Calcium is a mineral that the body needs to build healthy <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> and teeth. It also helps nerves, muscles, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">the heart</a> work well. A baby with low calcium can become very sick and also have problems with bones and nerves later if the condition isn't treated.</span></p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Hypocalcemia in Babies?</h3> <p>Symptoms of hypocalcemia depend on how low the baby's calcium is and how fast the drop happened.</p> <p>A baby with hypocalcemia might:</p> <ul> <li>be fussy</li> <li>vomit</li> <li>seem weak or floppy</li> <li>twitch, shake, or seem jittery</li> <li>not feed well</li> <li>be sluggish</li> <li>have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a></li> </ul> <p>Some babies with hypocalcemia may have signs of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rickets.html/">rickets</a>, a softening of the bones.</p> <h3>What Causes Hypocalcemia in Babies?</h3> <p>Calcium in the blood can get too low if:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>The baby's diet is low in calcium.</strong> This can happen if a baby is fed <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/homemade-formula.html/">homemade formula</a> or watered-down formula. It also can happen if babies younger than 1 year old drink <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cow-milk.html/">cow's milk</a>, goat's milk, or other types of milk. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breast-bottle-feeding.html/">Breast milk</a> and store-bought infant formula are the safest for babies. They have the right amounts of calcium and other minerals babies need.</li> <li><strong>The baby's diet is too low in vitamin D.</strong>&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitamin-d.html/">Vitamin D</a>, which helps the body absorb calcium, is in store-bought infant formula. Babies fed only breast milk need vitamin D supplements.</li> <li><strong>A hormone</strong> (chemical in the body) that controls the amount of calcium in the blood is too low.</li> </ul> <p>Rarely, newborns also can have <strong>neonatal hypocalcemia</strong>, a health problem that causes calcium to be out of balance.</p> <p>Hypocalcemia is more common in babies than in older kids. Infants <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/born-early.html/">born early</a> or born very small, who had a difficult birth, or are born to a mom with diabetes are most at risk for it.</p> <h3>How Is Hypocalcemia Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors diagnose hypocalcemia by asking questions, checking the baby, and doing blood tests.</p> <h3>How Is Hypocalcemia Treated?</h3> <p>Babies with hypocalcemia symptoms will get calcium through <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intravenous-line.html/">an IV</a> to get bring their level back to normal. They'll get this in the hospital, often while in the ICU. Doctors also look for the cause of the low calcium and work to treat that.</p> <p>Some babies without symptoms might have mild hypocalcemia that's found when lab tests are done for other reasons. This can clear up on its own when the babies get nutrition with the right amount of calcium and other minerals. Sometimes doctors might give calcium or vitamin D as a medicine the baby can swallow.</p> <h3>What Can Parents Do?</h3> <p>Not every cause of hypocalcemia can be prevented. But giving babies the best nutrition possible helps them get a healthy start in life. Breast milk and store-bought infant formula have the right balance of vitamins and minerals just for babies. If you have questions, talk with your pediatrician about the best way to feed your baby.</p> <p>You know your baby best. If something doesn't seem right, or you notice any of the symptoms of hypocalcemia, call your doctor right away.</p> Bajo nivel de calcio en sangre en los beb├ęs (hipocalcemia)La hipocalcemia ocurre cuando la sangre tiene muy poco calcio. Puede tratarse con suplementos de calcio y vitamina D.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/hypocalcemia-esp.html/779b2eda-af70-47be-a601-922886475167
3 Ways to Build Strong BonesWe build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strong-bones.html/20c29bc1-aff5-4265-a1e7-160442604f56
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
Breastfeeding FAQs: How Much and How OftenHere's info about how often to breastfeed your baby, how long it takes to nurse, and much more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breastfeed-often.html/96a43f7e-534a-4eeb-95c4-080e6ec54cec
Breastfeeding vs. Formula FeedingMaking a decision to breastfeed or formula feed your baby is a personal one. There are some points to consider to help you decide which option is best for you and your baby.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breast-bottle-feeding.html/7169ccbe-8013-4c19-90e6-19862788f64d
CalciumMilk and other calcium-rich foods help build strong, healthy bones. But most kids and teens don't get enough calcium. Here's how to make sure that yours do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/5f5a41cc-5bcd-48de-ae3b-beae69d5eceb
Feeding Your 1- to 3-Month-OldWhether you've chosen to breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby, your infant will let you know when it's time to eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feed13m.html/5f2fdec1-e571-44e6-8f45-4cc0c83a2c7b
Feeding Your 4- to 7-Month-OldIs your baby is ready for solid foods? Learn how and when to get started.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feed47m.html/1d8d9f97-7488-4301-b9e8-8f75d4462e43
Feeding Your 8- to 12-Month-OldAt this age, babies start to explore table foods.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feed812m.html/381bc385-9743-4a54-852b-2f1e90078b86
Feeding Your NewbornThese guidelines on breastfeeding and bottle feeding can help you know what's right for you and your baby.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/feednewborn.html/31c4eb38-d266-4e5a-b06b-c7ee09d8ced8
Formula Feeding FAQs: Getting StartedShopping for formula-feeding supplies can be daunting. Here are answers to some common questions about formula feeding.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/formulafeed-starting.html/6d5a92cb-459c-427f-b107-dc59faaf85b6
Formula Feeding FAQs: Preparation and StorageCheck out these formula-feeding bottle basics, from how to mix bottles to how to store them safely.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/formulafeed-storing.html/45dd3e6c-cd95-49db-8b8c-8e1abf26fcc0
Is Homemade Baby Formula Safe?Parents might want to make their own infant formula for many reasons. But commercially prepared formula is the best and safest choice. Here's why.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/homemade-formula.html/257f40cd-407a-4733-850f-560418ce27ff
RicketsRickets is when bones become soft and weak, usually because a child doesn't get enough vitamin D. Most kids with rickets get better with treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rickets.html/20c9425e-a114-4027-9b93-713f19f464e8
Vitamin DVitamin D is needed for strong bones, but is hard to come by because it's found in few foods. Here's how to make sure kids get enough vitamin D.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitamin-d.html/cb52769b-c11c-4976-8c31-ff3f43db6043
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-hematologykh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97