Your Child's Immunizations: Hib Vaccineenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-yciHib-enHD-AR2.jpgFind out when and why your child needs to get this vaccine.Hib vaccines meningitis, pneumonia, pericarditis, Haemophilus influenzae type b, immunize, immunization, inoculate, inoculation, vacine, shots, vaccination, vacine, immunization, immunize, innoculate, innoculations, virus, infection, vaccines, vaccinate, vacksines, immunized, immunizations, shots, inoculate, inoculation, infections, viruses, vaccinations, vaccinated, immunizations, immune, immunity, diseases, infections, infectious diseases09/17/201212/05/201912/05/2019Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD03/01/2019ebeb6938-c21c-4494-8576-7e26f8f7ca67https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hib-vaccine.html/<h3>What Is Hib?</h3> <p><em>Haemophilus influenzae</em> type b <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">bacteria</a> (Hib) were the leading cause of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/meningitis.html/">meningitis</a> in children younger than 5 years old until the Hib vaccine became available.&nbsp;It also used to be a common cause of infections in the ears, lungs, blood, skin, and joints in children.</p> <h3>Hib Immunization Schedule</h3> <p>The Hib vaccine is given by injection at ages:</p> <ul> <li>2 months</li> <li>4 months</li> <li>6 months (however, some of the Hib vaccines do <strong>not</strong> require a dose at 6 months)</li> <li>a booster dose at 12&ndash;15 months</li> </ul> <p>Kids ages 15 months or older who are receiving the vaccine for the first time only need one dose.</p> <p>Children ages 12 months to 59 months (almost 5 years old) may need more doses if their immune systems are weakened due to things like asplenia (when the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spleen-lymphatic.html/">spleen</a> is missing or not working properly), <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hiv.html/">HIV infection</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/">chemotherapy</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation</a> treatment, or a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stem-cells.html/">stem cell transplant</a>.</p> <p>The vaccine is not routinely recommended for kids older than 5 unless they have a condition that weakens the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> and have never been vaccinated.</p> <h3>Why Is the Hib Vaccine Recommended?</h3> <p>The vaccine provides long-term protection from <em>Haemophilus influenzae</em> type b. Those who are immunized have protection against Hib meningitis; <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pneumonia.html/">pneumonia</a>; pericarditis (an infection of the membrane covering the heart); and infections of the blood, bones, and joints caused by the bacteria.</p> <h3>Possible Risks of Hib Immunization</h3> <p>Minor problems &mdash; such as redness, swelling, or tenderness where the shot was given &mdash; can happen. There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine.</p> <h3>When to Delay or Avoid Hib Immunization</h3> <p>The vaccine is not recommended if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is currently sick, although simple colds or other minor illnesses should <strong>not</strong> prevent immunization</li> <li>had a severe allergic reaction (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anaphylaxis.html/">anaphylaxis</a>) to a previous Hib vaccine</li> </ul> <h3>Caring for Your Child After Hib Immunization</h3> <p>The vaccine may cause mild soreness and redness in the area where the shot was given. For pain and fever, check with your doctor to see if you can give either <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> <strong>or</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibuprofen.html/">ibuprofen</a>, and to find out the appropriate dose.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Call if you aren't sure whether the vaccine should be postponed or avoided.</li> <li>Call if moderate or serious adverse reactions appear after the Hib injection.</li> </ul> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-metadata.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-controller.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/single-well-child-vaccines-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div>Las vacunas de su hijo: vacuna contra Haemophilus influenzae tipo b (Hib)Sepa cuándo y por qué su hijo necesita esta vacuna.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/hib-vaccine-esp.html/e7e563cf-d6a6-4d35-8368-f5676c29de0e
5 Tips for Surviving ShotsIf you're afraid of shots, you're not alone. Next time your doc asks you to roll up your sleeve, try these tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tips-shots.html/710cd35a-a389-4d1f-8a42-301f4266a1b2
A Kid's Guide to ShotsIf you're old enough to read this, you've probably had most of your shots. But even bigger kids may need a shot once in a while. Find out more about them in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/guide-shots.html/27ec6b41-6c34-46f5-bacc-603b7019ad9f
How Can I Comfort My Baby During Shots?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/baby-vaccinations.html/c99bdd31-450e-4add-b5a9-707c8bd6d270
How Vaccines Help (Video)Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine-video.html/381d8b32-8c56-41c1-b6b5-247544dcac7e
Immunization ScheduleWhich vaccines does your child need and when? Use this immunization schedule as a handy reference.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immunization-chart.html/ffd3d367-78ea-4bb9-852d-c02db5722b6b
ImmunizationsMissing out on shots puts you at more serious risk than you might think. That one little "ouch" moment protects you from some major health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/immunizations.html/43c9c971-c202-4a84-af31-70a2a42c3a36
MeningitisYou may be wondering what the deal is with meningitis because you've heard frightening stuff about meningitis outbreaks in the news.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/meningitis.html/810ea9e2-c86a-4d28-a819-e48f10e7de35
What Can I Do to Ease My Child's Fear of Shots?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scared-shots.html/b0b2965a-35f2-443e-9f92-3111cd3989c3
Your Child's ImmunizationsImmunizations protect kids from many dangerous diseases. Find out what vaccines your child needs to grow up healthy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/b06a1e85-c797-4b31-bd74-814841e4cb8b
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