Your Child's Immunizations: Hepatitis B Vaccine (HepB)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-yciHepititisB-enHD-AR2.jpgFind out when and why your child needs this vaccine.Immunizations, Hepatitis B Vaccines, shots, inoculate, inoculation, immunize, vaccinate, vaccination, liver disease, cirrhosis, vaccination, vacine, immunization, immunize, innoculate, innoculations, virus, infection, vaccines, vaccinate, vacksines, immunized, immunizations, shots, inoculate, inoculation, infections, viruses, vaccinations, vaccinated, immunizations, immune, immunity, diseases, infections, infectious diseases09/17/201202/20/202002/20/2020Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD02/10/202031449e00-2867-4201-8952-5fd19ae3ac05https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepb-vaccine.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepatitis-b.html/">Hepatitis B virus</a> affects the liver. It can cause a mild illness with fever, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice that lasts for a few weeks. Or it can cause a lifelong infection. Lifelong carriers of the virus may get liver problems later, such as cirrhosis (scarred and damaged liver) or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/liver-tumors.html/">liver cancer</a>.</p> <h3>HepB Immunization Schedule</h3> <p>Kids usually get the hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) as a series of 3 shots:</p> <ol> <li>shortly after birth</li> <li>at 1&ndash;2 months of age</li> <li>at 6&ndash;18 months of age</li> </ol> <p>For the first shot:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>If a newborn's mother carries the hepatitis B virus in her blood, the baby must get the vaccine <strong>within 12 hours after birth</strong>. The baby also needs another shot &mdash; hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) &mdash; to provide protection against the virus right away.</li> <li>If a newborn's mother doesn't have the virus in her blood, the baby can get the HepB vaccine <strong>within 24 hours after birth</strong>.</li> </ul> <p>Anyone can get the vaccine series at any time if they missed it as a baby. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting infected. This includes health care and public safety workers, people with chronic liver or kidney disease, people with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hiv.html/">HIV infection</a>, and people who inject drugs.</p> <p>Some kids may need to get vaccinated again later in life. These include children:</p> <ul> <li>whose mothers carry the hepatitis B virus in their blood</li> <li>who need <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemodialysis.html/">hemodialysis</a></li> <li>who have a weak <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a></li> </ul> <h3>Why Is the HepB Vaccine Recommended?</h3> <p>The HepB injection usually creates long-term immunity. Most infants who get the HepB series are protected from hepatitis B infection beyond childhood, into their adult years.</p> <p>Eliminating the risk of infection also decreases risk for cirrhosis of the liver, chronic liver disease, and liver cancer.</p> <h3>Possible Risks of HepB Vaccine</h3> <p>Side effects usually are mild, and can include a mild fever and soreness or redness at the injection site. Allergic reactions to the vaccine are rare.</p> <h3><strong>When to Delay or Avoid HepB Immunization</strong></h3> <p>Doctors delay giving the vaccine to babies who weigh less than 4 pounds, 7 ounces (2,000 grams) at birth whose mothers do not have the virus in their blood. The baby will get the first dose at 1 month of age or when the baby is discharged from the hospital.</p> <p>The vaccine is not recommended if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is currently sick, although simple <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold.html/">colds</a> or other minor illnesses should <strong>not</strong> prevent immunization</li> <li>had a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anaphylaxis.html/">serious allergic reaction</a> after an earlier dose of the vaccine or is allergic to baker's yeast</li> </ul> <h3><strong>Caring for Your Child After HepB Immunization</strong></h3> <p>Your child may have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a>, soreness, and some swelling and redness at the shot site. For pain and fever, check with your doctor to see if you can give either <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> <strong>or&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibuprofen.html/">ibuprofen</a>, and to find out the right dose.</p> <h3><strong>When Should I Call the Doctor?</strong></h3> <p>Call the doctor if:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>You're not sure of the recommended schedule for the HepB vaccine.</li> <li>You have concerns about your own hepatitis B carrier state.</li> <li>Your child has moderate or serious side effects after getting a HepB injection.</li> </ul> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-metadata.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-controller.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/single-well-child-vaccines-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div>Las vacunas de su hijo: vacuna contra la hepatitis BCualquier persona se puede poner la serie de vacunas contra la hepatitis B en cualquier momento si se las saltó cuando era bebé. Esto es especialmente importante en aquellas personas que corren un mayor riesgo de contraer esta infecciónhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/hepb-vaccine-esp.html/cbd03b37-6324-454b-84ce-f518583c8726
5 Tips for Surviving ShotsIf you're afraid of shots, you're not alone. Next time your doc asks you to roll up your sleeve, try these tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tips-shots.html/710cd35a-a389-4d1f-8a42-301f4266a1b2
HepatitisHepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Most cases are caused by a virus — either hepatitis A, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C — all of which can be passed to others by someone who is infected. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepatitis.html/7c50e331-b71a-4410-8b0c-fc7f7fff6206
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B can move from one person to another through blood and other body fluids. For this reason, people usually get it through unprotected sex or by sharing needles.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-hepatitis.html/e5fcf561-94c5-464c-943e-cdb2fb1e6552
How Vaccines Help (Video)Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine-video.html/381d8b32-8c56-41c1-b6b5-247544dcac7e
Immunization ScheduleWhich vaccines does your child need and when? Use this immunization schedule as a handy reference.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immunization-chart.html/ffd3d367-78ea-4bb9-852d-c02db5722b6b
ImmunizationsMissing out on shots puts you at more serious risk than you might think. That one little "ouch" moment protects you from some major health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/immunizations.html/43c9c971-c202-4a84-af31-70a2a42c3a36
What Can I Do to Ease My Child's Fear of Shots?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scared-shots.html/b0b2965a-35f2-443e-9f92-3111cd3989c3
Word! VaccineA vaccine is another word for what most kids call a shot.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-vaccine.html/1218b56d-e2e7-44a0-9bda-0f8005a615bb
Your Child's ImmunizationsImmunizations protect kids from many dangerous diseases. Find out what vaccines your child needs to grow up healthy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/b06a1e85-c797-4b31-bd74-814841e4cb8b
Your Child's Immunizations: Hepatitis A Vaccine (HepA)Find out when and why your child needs to get this vaccine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepa-vaccine.html/0e5bea2c-ada2-414f-9051-f01934f5e76f
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsImmunizationshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/immunizations/b2f77dc5-263b-43bf-8d09-b67b17ede309Your Kid's Bodyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/general/body/8c0f9ed2-5084-4b14-a876-e101a62c655cImmunizationshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/immunizations/f2be3101-fe79-4146-849d-443d76d6c0b0