Hemangiomasenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Hemangiomas_enHD_1.jpgA hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. Most hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. Some will require treatment.arteriovenous malformation, venous malformations, arteriovenous, malformations, veins, birthmarks, birth marks, hemangiomas, venous, circulation capillaries, radiology, radiologists, interventional radiologist, sclerotherapy, blood vessels, angiogram, vascular anomaly, vascular malformations, involutel, involution, skin, dermatology, laser, embolize, embolization, ligate, ligation, congenital, infantile09/01/201711/22/201709/02/2019Annie Kyoung Lim, DO11/14/201770accfce-1b1a-4220-9fee-c82f4601c69ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemangiomas.html/<h3>What Is a Hemangioma?</h3> <p>A hemangioma (hee-man-jee-OH-muh) is a type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birthmarks.html/">birthmark</a> that happens when a tangled group of blood vessels grows in or under the skin.</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>A hemangioma that a baby has at birth is called a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-hemangioma.html/"><strong>congenital hemangioma</strong></a>.</li> <li>A hemangioma that appears later is called an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infantile-hemangioma.html/"><strong>infantile hemangioma</strong></a>. Infantile hemangiomas are much more common than congenital hemangiomas.</li> </ul> <p>Because hemangiomas grow and change, they're called tumors, but they're not a kind of cancer. A hemangioma will not spread to other places in the body or to other people.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Hemangioma?</h3> <p>Some hemangiomas look like a rubbery red "strawberry" patch of skin, while others may cause a skin bulge that has a blue tint.</p> <p>Most hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. A hemangioma can cause problems if it affects body functions (such as vision and breathing), bleeds frequently, or breaks through the skin (called ulcerating).</p> <h3>What Causes Hemangiomas?</h3> <p>Doctors don't know what causes hemangiomas. Hemangiomas may run in families, but no genetic cause has been found.</p> <h3>Who Gets Hemangiomas?</h3> <p>Hemangiomas are more common in babies who:</p> <ul> <li>are&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preemies.html/">born prematurely</a> (before their due date)</li> <li>have a low birth weight</li> <li>are in a multiple birth (twins, triplets, etc.).</li> </ul> <p>A baby can have more than one hemangioma.</p> <p>Just having a hemangioma doesn't put a baby at increased risk for health problems. But hemangiomas can happen in some syndromes (a syndrome is a combination of signs and symptoms that make up a particular health condition).</p> <h3>How Are Hemangiomas Diagnosed?</h3> <p>A hemangioma of the skin is usually recognized by its appearance. Depending on the hemangioma's type (congenital or infantile) and location, more testing might be needed to learn more about the hemangioma.</p> <p>Rarely, a hemangioma can grow in an organ inside the body, such as the kidneys, lungs, liver, or brain, where it can't be seen.</p> <h3>How Are Hemangiomas Treated?</h3> <p>Often, a hemangioma will shrink (or "involute") without treatment until little or nothing of the blood vessel tangle remains, usually by the time a child is 10 years old. So most hemangiomas are not treated.</p> <p>Treatment is recommended, though, if a hemangioma:</p> <ul> <li>blocks vision or eye movements</li> <li>reduces air flow through the nose and mouth</li> <li>bleeds often or in large amounts</li> <li>breaks through the skin covering it</li> <li>has enough blood flowing through it to put a strain on the baby's heart</li> </ul> <p>How it's treated depends on the type of hemangioma and other details. Treatment options, which may be used one at a time or in combination, include:</p> <ul> <li>medicine put directly into the hemangioma, given into a vein (with an IV), or taken by mouth (oral)</li> <li>surgery to remove the entire hemangioma</li> <li>blocking the main blood vessel(s) supplying blood to the hemangioma through <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/embolization.html/"><strong>embolization</strong></a>, a surgical procedure that involves blocking the vessel(s) from the inside using a long, thin tube (a catheter)</li> <li>laser treatments</li> </ul> <p>A hemangioma on a baby's face or head can create a cosmetic (appearance) problem. Doctors understand how much appearance can matter, and will work with parents to determine whether it's better to treat a baby's hemangioma or to let it go away on its own.</p> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Other kids and adults may be curious about your child's hemangioma. Telling them that hemangiomas are birthmarks that eventually go away will take care of most questions.</p> <p>After a hemangioma goes away on its own, it may leave behind some stretched skin. Cosmetic (plastic) surgery might be needed to remove the extra skin.&nbsp;Laser treatment can treat skin discoloration.</p>
Arteriovenous Malformations An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Large AVMs or multiple AVMs usually needs medical treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arteriovenous-malformations.html/df73e390-8d76-402e-9219-8f43f8a7fdb9
BirthmarksBirthmarks that babies are born with, or develop soon after birth, are mostly harmless and many even go away on their own, but sometimes they're associated with certain health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birthmarks.html/b901b39b-66e0-41a8-b6fa-83721cc48727
CLOVES SyndromeCLOVES syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cloves-syndrome.html/0bfa9c17-b66f-4268-94cd-5b5f29fd7e88
Congenital Hemangiomas A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. A congenital hemangioma is one that a baby is born with. They're usually a bluish or purple circle or oval. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-hemangioma.html/902c547d-f9c9-4edc-86c9-6f6bef5bb4d3
EmbolizationEmbolization is a procedure in which plugging material or a plugging object is put into a blood vessel to block it. It's used to help treat many conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/embolization.html/60430803-a6ec-4663-8738-99ca92208556
Hemangiomas: Suzanne's StoryWhen Anna was born, she developed red spots that her parents learned were hemangiomas, benign birthmarks that she eventually outgrew. Her mother tells her story.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemangiomas-story.html/69a7f1b7-2007-4e63-8e9c-a5dd221a3412
Infantile HemangiomasA hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. An infantile hemangioma becomes visible in the first few weeks after birth. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infantile-hemangioma.html/5d6fe0c4-6c93-445e-b6e1-79172591e522
Neurocutaneous SyndromesNeurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. Learn how to maximize the quality of life for children with these diseases.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neurocutaneous.html/7e9e3b3a-59da-4998-8655-57927110240f
Port-Wine StainsFor most kids, these birthmarks are no big deal — they're just part of who they are. Read about port-wine stains, how to care for them, and, if necessary, what treatments are available.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/port-wine-stains.html/9573f8e2-b366-4cfa-945a-c5e97e0a3b74
SclerotherapySclerotherapy is a procedure in which medicine is injected into blood vessels or lymph vessels to make them close. It's used to treat vascular malformations.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sclerotherapy.html/93061ebf-ebf3-4024-a3ae-3e39b43ad2e2
Venous Malformations A venous malformation (VM) is a place in the body where veins haven't grown the right way. VMs can be difficult to treat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/venous-malformations.html/8d09d5c3-704c-4815-ab68-0161ee369be5
What's a Birthmark?Birthmarks, also known as hemangiomas, get their name for one reason: They are marks on the skin of a lot of newborn babies! Find out more about birthmarks in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/birthmark.html/fc06de92-ad49-4647-a8a1-48bca99cb9b7
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-dermatologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-radiologyAndMedicalImagingHeart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8b