Helicobacter pylorienparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectHelicob-enHD-AR1.jpgH. pylori bacteria can cause digestive illnesses, including gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.h pylori, stomach, tummy, abdominal pain, abdomen, stomach pain, tummy pain, pain below the ribs, digestive problems, gastrointestinal problems, bloody vomit, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, bloody stool, bloody poop, black poop, black stool, pain after eating, pain after drinking, pain after taking antacids, antacids, antacid, vomit, vomiting, puke, puking, bacterial infections, bacterial illnesses, digestion, lining of the stomach, my child has a h pylori infection, peptic ulcer, peptic ulcers, stomach ulcer, stomach ulcers, my child has gastritis, gastritis, my child has peptic ulcer disease, stomach lining, duodenum, nausea, diarrhea, hematemesis, neutralizing stomach acids, stomachache, stomachaches, endoscope, endoscopy, gastrointestinal problems, gastroenterology, GI, gastrointestinal03/22/200012/06/201609/02/2019J. Fernando del Rosario, MD07/14/2015de8ded73-3d39-47b3-a1ba-9404b2011122https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/h-pylori.html/<p><em>Helicobacter pylori</em><span>&nbsp;(</span><em>H. pylori</em><span>) bacteria are a common cause of </span>digestive illnesses, including gastritis (the irritation and inflammation of the stomach&nbsp;lining), <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/peptic-ulcers.html/">peptic ulcers</a> <span>(sores in the lining of the stomach, small intestine, or esophagus)</span>, and even stomach cancer later in life.</p> <p>These bacteria are found worldwide, but especially in developing countries, where up to 10% of children and 80% of adults are likely to have had&nbsp;an <em>H. pylori</em> infection &mdash; usually without any symptoms.</p> <h3>Signs and Symptoms</h3> <p>Anyone can have an <em>H. pylori</em> infection without knowing it &mdash; most <em>H. pylori</em> infections are "silent" and cause no symptoms. When the bacteria <strong>do</strong> cause symptoms, they're usually either symptoms of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/kh-slider.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/bodybasics-flash-digestive-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <p>In kids, symptoms of gastritis may include nausea, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a>, and abdominal pain, although these symptoms are seen in <em>many</em> childhood illnesses.</p> <p><em>H. pylori</em>, which used to be called <em>Campylobacter pylori</em>, also can cause peptic ulcers (commonly known as stomach ulcers). In older kids and adults, the most common symptom of peptic ulcer disease is a gnawing or burning pain in the abdomen, usually in the area below the ribs and above the navel. This pain often gets worse on an empty stomach and improves as soon as the person&nbsp;eats food, drinks milk, or takes antacid medicine.</p> <p>Kids who have peptic ulcer disease can have ulcers that bleed, causing hematemesis (bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds) or melena (stool that's black, bloody, or looks like tar). Younger children with peptic ulcers may not have such clear symptoms, so their illness may be harder to diagnose.</p> <h3>Contagiousness</h3> <p>Scientists suspect that <em>H. pylori</em> infection may be contagious because the infection seems to run in families and is more common where people live in crowded or unsanitary conditions. Although research suggests that infection is passed from person to person, exactly how this happens isn't really known.</p> <h3>Diagnosis</h3> <p>Doctors can make the diagnosis of an <em>H. pylori</em> infection by using many different types of tests. A doctor may:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>look at the stomach lining directly. The patient will be&nbsp;under sedation during this procedure, which involves inserting an endoscope &mdash; a small, flexible tube with a tiny camera on the end &mdash; down the throat and into the stomach and duodenum. The doctor may then take samples of the lining to be checked in the laboratory for microscopic signs of infection and for <em>H. pylori</em> bacteria.</li> <li>do blood tests, which can detect the presence of <em>H. pylori</em> antibodies. Blood tests are easy to do, although a positive test may indicate exposure to <em>H. pylori</em> in the past, not an active infection.</li> <li>do breath tests, which can detect carbon broken down by <em>H. pylori</em> after the patient drinks a solution. Breath tests are time-consuming, provide no information about the infection's severity, and can be difficult to perform in young children.</li> <li>do <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-pylori-antigen.html/">stool tests</a>, which can detect the presence of <em>H. pylori</em> proteins in the stool (poop). Like breath testing, stool tests indicate the presence of <em>H. pylori</em> but give no information about an infection's severity.</li> </ul> <h3>Treatment</h3> <p>Doctors treat <em>H. pylori</em> infections using antibiotics. Because a single antibiotic may not kill the bacteria, your child will normally&nbsp;be given a combination of antibiotics. Usually, the doctor will also give antacids or acid-suppressing drugs to neutralize or block production of stomach acids.</p> <p>If your child has symptoms of bleeding from the stomach or small intestine, these symptoms will be treated in a hospital.</p> <p>Because <em>H. pylori</em> infection can be cured with antibiotics, the most important home treatment is to give your child any prescribed antibiotic medicine on schedule for as long as the doctor has directed.</p> <p>One way to help soothe the abdominal pain is by following a regular meal schedule. This means planning meals so that your child's stomach doesn't remain empty for long periods. Eating five or six smaller meals each day may be best, and your child should take some time to rest after each meal.</p> <p>It's also important to avoid giving your child aspirin, aspirin-containing medicines, ibuprofen, or anti-inflammatory drugs because these may irritate the stomach or cause stomach bleeding.</p> <p>With prolonged antibiotic therapy, <em>H. pylori</em> gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (especially ulcers in the duodenum, a portion of the small intestine) often can be cured.</p> <h3>Prevention</h3> <p>Right now, there's no vaccine against <em>H. pylori</em>. And because transmission isn't clearly understood, prevention guidelines aren't available. However, it's always important to make sure you and your family:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">Wash your hands</a> thoroughly.</li> <li>Eat food that's been <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/">properly prepared</a>.</li> <li>Drink water from a safe source.</li> </ul> <h3>When to Call the Doctor</h3> <p>Call your doctor immediately if your child has any of these symptoms:</p> <ul> <li>severe abdominal pain</li> <li>vomit that's bloody or looks like coffee grounds</li> <li>stool that's bloody, black, or looks like tar</li> <li>lasting gnawing or burning pain in the area below the ribs that improves after eating, drinking milk, or taking antacids</li> </ul> <p>However, it's important to remember kids can get stomachaches for many reasons&nbsp;&mdash; like indigestion, viruses, tension and worry, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/appendicitis.html/">appendicitis</a>. Most stomachaches are <strong>not</strong> caused by <em>H. pylori</em> bacteria.</p>
Campylobacter InfectionsThese bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/campylobacter.html/1b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Peptic UlcersMany people think that spicy foods cause ulcers, but the truth is that bacteria are the main culprit. Learn more about peptic ulcers.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/peptic-ulcers.html/d1fea5a9-4989-42dc-b240-dfd8be814e0d
Pyloric StenosisPyloric stenosis can make a baby vomit forcefully and often. It can lead to serious problems like dehydration, and needs medical treatment right away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pyloric-stenosis.html/f4f9ad04-3e24-4290-9b0d-6d6d50fce04c
StomachachesLots of different problems can cause similar kinds of stomach pain - not all of them related to the digestive system. Here are some clues about what could be going on.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stomachaches.html/f9b9598e-0232-4add-9fea-e6a8591cb740
Stool Test: H. Pylori AntigenA doctor may request an H. pylori antigen stool test if your child has symptoms that indicate a peptic ulcer, such as indigestion, abdominal pain, a full or bloated feeling, nausea, frequent belching, or vomiting.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-pylori-antigen.html/76a170ec-a896-4d74-a51f-738b452846e8
UlcersDoctors once thought that stress, spicy foods, and alcohol caused most stomach ulcers. But ulcers are actually caused by a particular bacterial infection, by certain medications, or from smoking. Read all about ulcers.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ulcers.html/cd11f639-3444-47e4-ad4f-e614479a4f6a
VomitingMost vomiting is caused by gastroenteritis, and usually isn't serious. These home-care tips can help prevent dehydration.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/20a54ee4-1e9e-4822-9631-614f8e08d622
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d
Word! BacteriaIf you're feeling crummy, it's probably because nasty bacteria or some other germs have gotten into your body and made you sick.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-bacteria.html/7bb83a46-6c12-4936-9800-851a281c47d3
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-endocrinologyBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61Gastrointestinal Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/stomach/00f6a5fa-9cac-45b3-b8c6-34813730a1eb