Growth Platesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_07_2.jpgGrowth plates are the areas of new bone growth, usually near the ends of long bones. A growth plate is weaker than solid bone. This makes it more likely to get injured.growth plates, bones, fractures, growth plate injuries, what's a growth plate, growth plate area, bone problems, overuse, repetitive, RSI, overuse injuries, ortho, orthopedics, bone breaks, broken bones, Osgood-Schlatter disease, Jumper’s Knee, Little League Elbow, Little League Shoulder, femur, tibia, ulna, radius, bone, growth plate, growing bones, growing pains, epiphyseal, epiphysis, long bones, physis, metaphysis, diaphysis, broken bones, break, cartilage, ossify, ossifies, ossification, MRI, CT Scan, CAT Scan, reduction, healing, heal, bones, growth plates, casts, ortho, orthopedics, fractures, growth spurts,, CD1Orthopedics 01/23/201901/23/201901/23/2019Amy W. Anzilotti, MD01/21/2019ec6f03ca-219f-4ed5-84fc-4eed5afb1b1dhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plates.html/<h3>What Is a Growth Plate?</h3> <p>Growth plates are the areas of new bone growth in children and teens. They're made up of cartilage , a rubbery, flexible material (the nose, for instance, is made of cartilage).</p> <p>Most growth plates are near the ends of long bones. Long <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> are bones that are longer than they are wide. They include:</p> <ul> <li>the femur (thighbone)</li> <li>the lower legs (tibia and fibula)</li> <li>the forearm (radius and ulna)</li> <li>the bones in the hands and feet</li> </ul> <h3>What Does A Growth Plate Do?</h3> <p>Growth plates are one way bones grow. There are usually two growth plates in each long bone. They add length and width to the bone.</p> <p>As kids grow, the growth plates harden into solid bone. A growth plate that has completely hardened into solid bone is a <strong>closed growth plate</strong>. After a growth plate closes, the bones are no longer growing.</p> <h3>When Do Growth Plates Close?</h3> <p>Growth plates usually close near the end of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-puberty.html/">puberty</a>. For girls, this usually is when they're 13–15; for boys, it's when they're 15–17.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Happen With a Growth Plate?</h3> <p>The growth plate is weaker than solid bone. This makes it more likely to get injured.</p> <p>These problems can happen with growth plates:</p> <h4>Growth Plate Fractures</h4> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html/">Growth plate fractures</a> are when there is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/">break</a> in the growth plate. This happens most often in the bones of the fingers, forearm, and lower leg. Most growth plate fractures <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-heal.html/">heal</a> and do not affect future bone growth.</p> <p><img class="right" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/growthPlate_a_enIL.png" alt="Illustration: Growth plate fracture" /></p> <p>Sometimes, changes in the growth plate from the fracture can cause problems later. For example, the bone could end up a little crooked or a bit longer or shorter than expected.</p> <h4>Overuse/Repetitive Stress Injuries</h4> <p>Overuse injuries (also called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/repetitive-stress-sports.html/">repetitive stress injuries</a>) can affect the growth plate in kids and teens. Overuse injuries happens from repeating the same movement over and over. They usually happen to people who play sports.&nbsp;</p> <p>Overuse injuries that involve the growth plate include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/severs-disease.html/">Sever's disease</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osgood.html/">Osgood-Schlatter disease</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/jumpers-knee.html/">jumper's knee</a></li> <li>Little League elbow</li> <li>Little League shoulder</li> </ul> Cartílagos de crecimientoLos cartílagos de crecimiento son zonas de hueso nuevo en los niños y adolescentes. Los cartílagos de crecimiento son más débiles que el hueso sólido. Esto hace que sea más probable que sufran lesiones. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/growth-plates-esp.html/41f35a5c-42d9-4070-a155-1526a1da2dc5
3 Ways to Build Strong BonesWe build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strong-bones.html/20c29bc1-aff5-4265-a1e7-160442604f56
Blount DiseaseBlount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones of the lower leg. It causes bowing of the leg below the knee, which gets worse if it's not treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/blount-disease.html/b7450bea-13eb-436d-9d3b-c66742c5aedb
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
Broken BonesWhat happens when you break a bone?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/broken-bones.html/fe9a644f-2c79-45eb-a47c-144055624af7
Growth Plate FracturesInjuries to growth plates, which produce new bone tissue and determine the final length and shape of bones in adulthood, must be treated so that bones heal properly.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html/ad965323-3a88-46fa-91e6-4e30aea3d9c8
How Broken Bones HealBroken bones have an amazing ability to heal, especially in kids. Full healing can take time, but new bone usually forms a few weeks after an injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-heal.html/0ec4eb9b-2074-4d95-b35a-acf2a7e4deb4
Leg Length DiscrepancyLeg length discrepancy is when someone’s legs are different lengths. For a big difference or one that's likely to get worse, treatment is recommended. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/leg-length-discrepancy.html/4ca63291-1c1d-45ef-95a7-6b7717f6642d
Osgood-Schlatter DiseaseOsgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is an overuse injury that can cause knee pain in teens, especially during growth spurts. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osgood.html/585217d8-dfd4-4357-94f9-431b2791d355
Overuse InjuriesOveruse (or repetitive stress) injuries happen when too much stress is placed on a part of the body, causing problems like swelling, pain, muscle strain, and tissue damage.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/rsi.html/810a10d4-1576-46e7-847b-f6bf8fcd9cdf
Repetitive Stress Injuries in SportsRepetitive stress injuries (RSIs) happen when movements are repeated over and over, damaging a bone, tendon, or joint. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/repetitive-stress-sports.html/51670e70-f4a8-4566-ad33-e1104b188f12
Sever's DiseaseSever's disease, a common heel injury in kids, is due to inflammation (swelling) of the growth plate in the heel. While painful, it's only temporary and has no long-term effects.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/severs-disease.html/5e517544-6d47-4adc-b10c-f03007b19f63
Sinding-Larsen-Johansson SyndromeThis growth-related injury is more common in teens who play sports that require a lot of running or jumping. Find out why it happens - and what you can do to avoid and treat it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/slj-syndrome.html/01388158-9af8-4a68-b827-a51a5b561ff6
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a shift at the upper part of the thighbone, or femur, that results in a weakened hip joint. Fortunately, when caught early, most cases of SCFE can be treated successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scfe.html/7ad12e5e-a898-46a4-ba7b-f780e10f5298
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