Growth Plate Fracturesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/DESIGN-1168_Growth_Plate_Fractures_esHD_1.jpgInjuries to growth plates, which produce new bone tissue and determine the final length and shape of bones in adulthood, must be treated so that bones heal properly.bone, growth plate, growing bones, growing pains, epiphyseal, epiphysis, long bones, physis, metaphysis, diaphysis, broken bones, break, cartilage, ossify, ossifies, ossification, MRI, CT Scan, CAT Scan, reduction, healing, heal, bones, growth plates, casts, ortho, orthopedics, fractures, growth spurts,, CD1Orthopedics01/08/201001/23/201909/02/2019Richard W. Kruse, DO and Susan M. Dubowy, PA-C06/01/2018ad965323-3a88-46fa-91e6-4e30aea3d9c8https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html/<h3>What Is a Growth Plate?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plates.html/">Growth plates</a> are the areas of active, new bone growth near the ends of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a>. They're made up of cartilage, a rubbery, flexible material (the nose, for instance, is made of cartilage).</p> <p>When kids are done growing, the growth plates harden into solid bone. This happens in girls around ages 13&ndash;15 and in boys around ages 15&ndash;17.</p> <h3>What Is a Growth Plate Fracture?</h3> <p>A growth plate fracture is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/">break</a> in the growth plate of a child or teen. They happen most often in the bones of the fingers, forearm, and lower leg.</p> <h3>How Do Growth Plate Fractures Happen?</h3> <p>Most growth plate fractures happen from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/falls-sheet.html/">falling</a> or twisting. Contact sports (like football or basketball) or fast-moving activities (like skiing, skateboarding, sledding, or biking) are common causes. Growth plate fractures also can happen from repetitive activities, like training for gymnastics or pitching a baseball.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Growth Plate Fracture?</h3> <p>A child with a growth plate fracture can have pain, swelling, and trouble moving and using the injured body part. Sometimes there is a deformity &mdash; this means that the body part looks crooked or different than it did before the injury.</p> <h3>How Are Growth Plate Fractures Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Health care providers will order X-rays if they think a bone is broken. Some mild growth plate fractures don't show up on an X-ray, though.</p> <h3>What Are Growth Plate Fractures Treated?</h3> <p>Often, a growth plate fracture may be mild and need only rest and a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/casts.html/">cast</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/splints.html/">splint</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p>But if bones are out of place (or <strong>displaced</strong>), they have to be put back into the right position with a procedure called a <strong>reduction</strong>. A reduction is also called "setting the bone."</p> <p>There are two types of reductions:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>A closed reduction</strong> is done in the emergency room or operating room, after the child has been given medicine to ease the pain. The surgeon gently moves the bones back into the right position. No incision (cut) is needed.</li> <li><strong>An open reduction</strong> is a surgery done for a more complicated injury. It is done in the operating room under <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anesthesia-types.html/">general anesthesia</a>. The surgeon makes an incision and moves the bones into the right position. Surgical plates, screws, or wires often are used to keep the bones in place.</li> </ul> <p>After an open or closed reduction, the child will usually wear a cast, splint, or brace to make sure the bones don't move during healing.</p> <h3>Do Growth Plate Fractures Affect Bone Growth?</h3> <p>Most growth plate fractures <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-heal.html/">heal</a> and do not affect future bone growth.</p> <p>However, sometimes changes in the growth plate from the fracture can cause problems later. For example, the bone could end up a little crooked or slightly longer or shorter than expected. If the bone does not grow normally, surgery or other treatments may be needed.</p> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Most kids recover from growth plate fractures without any long-term problems. Help your child follow the health care provider's directions. Go to all follow-up doctor visits to make sure the bones heal well and continue to grow normally.</p>
Blount DiseaseBlount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones of the lower leg. It causes bowing of the leg below the knee, which gets worse if it's not treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/blount-disease.html/b7450bea-13eb-436d-9d3b-c66742c5aedb
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
Broken BonesWhat happens when you break a bone?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/broken-bones.html/fe9a644f-2c79-45eb-a47c-144055624af7
CastsThis article for teens has tips on taking care of a cast so it keeps working as it should.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/casts.html/67cfd3da-36ea-4b8a-bc2d-c887e5da6fcc
Fibular HemimeliaBabies who have fibular hemimelia are born with a short or missing fibula. Experts who treat bone problems have several options to help kids with a hemimelia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fibular-hemimelia.html/189e6e5d-f1a1-4c81-834c-b70ecbd77a64
First Aid: Broken BonesA broken bone needs emergency medical care. Here's what to do if you think your child just broke a bone.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/broken-bones-sheet.html/421bf2cd-ba6b-4220-a1bb-a52eddb36fc5
Growth PlatesGrowth plates are the areas of new bone growth, usually near the ends of long bones. A growth plate is weaker than solid bone. This makes it more likely to get injured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plates.html/ec6f03ca-219f-4ed5-84fc-4eed5afb1b1d
How Broken Bones HealBroken bones have an amazing ability to heal, especially in kids. Full healing can take time, but new bone usually forms a few weeks after an injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-heal.html/0ec4eb9b-2074-4d95-b35a-acf2a7e4deb4
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/0e348562-5958-4a91-96ad-c8affb5fff4f
Leg Length DiscrepancyLeg length discrepancy is when someone’s legs are different lengths. For a big difference or one that's likely to get worse, treatment is recommended. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/leg-length-discrepancy.html/4ca63291-1c1d-45ef-95a7-6b7717f6642d
Osgood-Schlatter DiseaseOsgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is one of the most common causes of knee pain in adolescents. It's really not a disease, but an overuse injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osgood.html/b5c97e0e-fdc0-4188-a765-221b90a92117
Overuse InjuriesOveruse (or repetitive stress) injuries happen when too much stress is placed on a part of the body, causing problems like swelling, pain, muscle strain, and tissue damage.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/rsi.html/810a10d4-1576-46e7-847b-f6bf8fcd9cdf
Repetitive Stress Injuries in SportsRepetitive stress injuries (RSIs) happen when movements are repeated over and over, damaging a bone, tendon, or joint. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/repetitive-stress-sports.html/51670e70-f4a8-4566-ad33-e1104b188f12
Sever's DiseaseSever's disease, a common heel injury in kids, is due to inflammation (swelling) of the growth plate in the heel. While painful, it's only temporary and has no long-term effects.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/severs-disease.html/5e517544-6d47-4adc-b10c-f03007b19f63
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a shift at the upper part of the thighbone, or femur, that results in a weakened hip joint. Fortunately, when caught early, most cases of SCFE can be treated successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scfe.html/7ad12e5e-a898-46a4-ba7b-f780e10f5298
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedSports Injurieshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-medicine-center/injuries/d39a4016-156b-42e2-bf20-64657c4f2104Bones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97