Growth and Your 6- to 12-Year-Oldenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-growth6To12-enHD-AR1.jpgAs kids grow from grade-schoolers to preteens, there continues to be a wide range of "normal" as far as height, weight, and shape.growth spurts, growing pains, my child's growth disorders, well-child exams, my child's weight, my child's height, well child exams, obesity, does my child weigh too much, diets, percentiles, growth charts, measuring my child, weighing my child, nutrition, sleep, exercise, physical activity, familial short statures, constitutional growth delays, delayed puberty, hypothyroidism, human growth hormone deficiency, skeletal dysplasias, malnutrition, general pediatrics, endocrinology, endocrine,, CD1Endocrinology05/18/200006/27/201906/27/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD06/17/201937f8b9be-e50f-441d-89e6-a0215fe44676https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-6-12.html/<p>As kids grow from grade-schoolers to preteens, there continues to be a wide range of "normal" regarding height, weight, and shape.</p> <p>Kids tend to get taller at a pretty steady pace, growing about 2.5 inches (6 to 7 centimeters) each year. When it comes to weight, kids gain about 4&ndash;7 lbs. (2&ndash;3 kg) per year until puberty starts.</p> <p>This is also a time when kids start to have feelings about how they look and how they're growing. Some girls may worry about being "too big," especially those who are developing early. Boys tend to be sensitive about being too short.</p> <p>Try to help your child understand that the important thing is not to "look" a certain way, but rather to be healthy. Kids can't change the genes that will determine how tall they will be or when puberty starts. But they can make the most of their potential by developing healthy eating habits and being physically active.</p> <p>Your doctor will take measurements at regular <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkups.html/">checkups</a>, then plot your child's&nbsp;results on a standard <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-charts.html/">growth chart</a> to follow over time and compare with other kids the same age and gender.</p> <h3>Helping Your Child Grow</h3> <p>Normal growth &mdash; supported by good nutrition, enough <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/">sleep</a>, and regular exercise &mdash; is one of the best overall indicators of a child's good health.</p> <p>Your child's growth pattern is largely determined by genetics. Pushing kids to eat extra food or get higher amounts of vitamins, minerals, or other nutrients will not increase their height and may lead to weight problems.</p> <p>Accepting kids as they are helps them build <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/self-esteem.html/">self-acceptance</a>.</p> <h3>Puberty</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-puberty.html/">Puberty</a> &mdash; or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-foyer.html/">sexual development</a> &mdash; is a time of dramatic change for both boys and girls. The age at which the physical changes of puberty normally begin varies widely.</p> <p>For both sexes, these hormone-driven changes are accompanied by growth spurts that transform children into physically mature teens as their bodies develop.</p> <p>Breast development, usually the first noticeable sign of puberty in girls, may begin anytime between ages 8 and 13. Events in girls as they go through puberty:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Breasts begin to develop and hips become rounded.</li> <li>The increase in the rate of growth in height begins.</li> <li>Pubic hair begins to appear, usually 6&ndash;12 months after the start of breast development. About 15% of girls will develop pubic hair before breast development starts.</li> <li>The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/female-reproductive-system.html/">uterus and vagina</a>, as well as labia and clitoris, increase in size.</li> <li>Pubic hair is well established and breasts grow further.</li> <li>The rate of growth in height reaches its peak by about 2 years after puberty began (average age is 12 years).</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-menstruation.html/">Menstruation</a> begins, almost always after the peak growth rate in height has been reached (average age is 12.5 years).</li> </ul> <p>Once girls get their periods, they usually grow about 1 or 2 more inches (2.5 to 5 centimeters), reaching their final adult height by about age 14 or 15 years (younger or older depending on when puberty began).</p> <p>Most boys show the first physical changes of puberty between ages 10 and 16, and tend to grow most quickly between ages 12 and 15. The growth spurt of boys is, on average, about 2 years later than that of girls. By age 16, most boys have stopped growing, but their muscles will continue to develop.</p> <p>Other features of puberty in boys include:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/male-reproductive.html/">penis and testicles</a> increase in size.</li> <li>Pubic hair appears, followed by underarm and facial hair.</li> <li>The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/changing-voice.html/">voice deepens</a> and may sometimes crack or break.</li> <li>The Adam's apple, or larynx cartilage, gets bigger.</li> <li>Testicles begin to produce sperm.</li> </ul> <h3>At the Doctor's Office</h3> <p>Despite data collected for growth charts, "normal" heights and weights are difficult to define. Shorter parents, for instance, tend to have shorter kids, whereas taller parents tend to have taller kids.</p> <p>You may worry if your child isn't as tall as other kids that age. But the more important question is whether your child is continuing to grow at a normal rate. If your doctor finds a problem &mdash; such as a growth rate that had been normal but has recently slowed &mdash; he or she may track growth carefully over several months to see if the pattern suggests a possible health problem or is just a variation of normal.</p> <p>If it's found that your child is growing or developing too slowly, the doctor may order tests to check for medical conditions such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypothyroidism.html/">hypothyroidism</a>, growth hormone deficiency, or other things that can affect growth.</p> <p>If you have any concerns about your child's growth or development, talk with your doctor.</p>El crecimiento y su hijo de 6 a 12 añosA medida que los niños crecen desde los primeros años de enseñanza primaria hasta la pre-adolescencia, sigue habiendo una gran variabilidad dentro de lo que se considera "normal" en lo referente a la estatura, el peso y la forma. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/growth-6-12-esp.html/ee908d16-e330-4b8e-9603-d67ddfbc6229
All About PubertyVoice cracking? Clothes don't fit? Puberty can be a confusing time, but learning about it doesn't have to be. Read all about it in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/puberty.html/c1fabfa9-5b91-4ec4-8823-4f836304895b
Boys and PubertyOn the way to becoming a man, a boy's body will go through a lot of changes, including your body growing bigger, your voice changing, and hair sprouting everywhere. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/boys-puberty.html/3143c0e7-6ded-466b-babf-dbba5eb7cf35
Breasts and BrasGirls grow breasts as they develop and mature. And once a girl has breasts, she probably will want to wear a bra. Find out more in this article just for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/breasts-bras.html/f1297f85-32f9-45ff-8d77-6f110e8b4b84
Feeling Too Tall or Too ShortHow do you like your height? Check out this article if you feel too tall or too short.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/my-height.html/f29e0ca1-ac6b-4fc7-907a-919efa1fb313
Female Reproductive SystemLearning about the female reproductive system, what it does, and the problems that can affect it can help you better understand your daughter's reproductive health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/female-reproductive-system.html/55b07dda-f46c-4cc2-9423-c6e0ef962840
Five Things Girls Want to Know About PeriodsGirls have lots of questions about periods. Here are five good ones - and the all-important answers!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/five-period.html/454c2743-e91a-48a0-8da4-a0c04690fb75
Girls and PubertyGirls have lots of questions about puberty and growing up. Find all the answers here!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/girls-puberty-center.html/3e42e3c9-c3f3-41ca-87b6-31ca5b4384e2
I'm Growing Up - But Am I Normal?When you're growing up, lots of changes happen and everyone wonders: Am I normal?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/growing-up-normal.html/9ca895fb-b864-4b42-8edc-5c59c65e66ce
Male Reproductive SystemUnderstanding the male reproductive system and what it does can help you better understand your son's reproductive health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/male-reproductive.html/7c0d5bed-bfc7-4f0e-844f-355a4a5f61b0
Precocious PubertyPrecocious puberty - when signs of puberty start before age 7 or 8 in girls and age 9 for boys - can be tough for kids. But it can be treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/precocious.html/c7e061da-52f4-406d-9a3f-c012dff0e981
Self-EsteemYou need self-esteem, but it doesn't always come naturally. Find out what it means to feel good about yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/self-esteem.html/4a9a5b79-0f9c-4905-adcd-d6003487d085
Sexual DevelopmentBig physical and emotional changes happen during puberty and the teen years. These articles can help you become a source of information, comfort, and support for your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-foyer.html/6d961459-9968-4bc2-bf56-c25790e065e4
Talking to Your Child About PubertyTalking to kids about puberty is an important job for parents, especially because kids often hear about sex and relationships from unreliable sources. Here are some tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-puberty.html/b1a739cc-b0a3-45d0-9575-da918e8b9628
Understanding PubertyPuberty was awkward enough when you were the one going through it. So how can you help your kids through all the changes?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-puberty.html/527eb4ba-e207-497b-b5a9-0a57e6624675
What's an Adam's Apple?Where's your Adam's apple? Do you even have one? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/adams-apple.html/24d6636a-7b52-4399-9b1a-6a74514dd187
Your Changing VoiceBoth boys and girls experience voice changes as they grow older, but it's the boys that will notice the biggest difference. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/changing-voice.html/3a631152-f128-4e34-9855-65906b4a7b37
Your Child's Checkup: 10 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve and what your child might be doing by age 10.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-10yrs.html/c9915cba-0d0b-48e6-95d1-d8501a35752e
Your Child's Checkup: 11 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your child is 11.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-11yrs.html/1c5f5343-6861-4357-b7a6-7f00d7c787d6
Your Child's Checkup: 12 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your child is 12.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-12yrs.html/2c016ca3-167d-4295-881f-277cea27cd2f
Your Child's Checkup: 6 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve and what your child might be doing by the sixth year.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-6yrs.html/b59a2c04-0ac6-4a3c-a4df-84e68ccdfc89
Your Child's Checkup: 7 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve and what your child might be doing by the seventh year.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-7yrs.html/408ccd55-54f9-448f-971e-e07386d8c417
Your Child's Checkup: 8 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve and what your child might be doing by the eighth year.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-8yrs.html/f1fd2b35-a6c0-4291-846c-4a6bc98858e9
Your Child's Checkup: 9 YearsFind out what this doctor's visit will involve and what your child might be doing by the ninth year.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-9yrs.html/537d3b9f-3e7b-42cc-9175-241d3f122cd4
Your Child's GrowthFrom the moment parents greet their newborn, they watch the baby's progress eagerly. But how can they tell if their child is growing properly?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-growth.html/d60bcd07-9dd4-4e2e-ac04-dbf4ca8804a7
Your Child's Weight"What's the right weight for my child?" is one of the most common questions parents have. It seems like a simple one, but it's not always easy to answer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-weight.html/47c960bc-61c9-4a05-933d-50f57967c0a7
kh:age-bigKidSixToTwelvekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsGrowthhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/growth/3c28cc60-227a-4cde-8686-e46bb334b33b