Glomerulonephritisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-glomerulonephritis-enHD-AR1.jpgGlomerulonephritis happens when tiny filtering units in the kidneys stop working properly. Most cases get better on their own or with treatment.kidney disease, edema, nephrons, glomerulus, kidneys, swelling, fluid, retention, urine, urine tests, urinalysis, retain fluid, swell, urine, blood in urine, blood in the urine, pee, foamy, foam, froth, frothy, blood pressure, glomeruli, hematuria, glomerulonephritis, acute, chronic, kidney problems, dialysis, kidney dialysis, biopsy, kidney biopsy, kidney ultrasound, damage, acute, chronic, glomerulus, glomeruli, nephron, nephrology, kidney transplant, dialysis, dialasis, strep, immune, lupus, hiv, hepatitis01/20/201405/20/201909/02/2019Robert S. Mathias, MD05/10/201918feaf09-b1c5-40e8-8bdb-ffa78db188b9https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/glomerulonephritis.html/<h3>What Is Glomerulonephritis?</h3> <p>Glomerulonephritis (gluh-MARE-you-low-ne-FRY-tis) is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidneys-urinary.html/">kidney</a> problem.</p> <p>The kidneys are fist-sized organs shaped like kidney beans. They clean blood and help remove waste that goes into pee (urine).</p> <p>When a child has glomerulonephritis (GN), the kidneys don't work properly and can't clean the blood well. This can happen quickly (<strong>acute GN</strong>) or slowly over time (<strong>chronic GN</strong>).</p> <p>GN causes problems with urinating (peeing) and swelling in parts of the body, like the face and hands. In some cases, it can lead to kidney damage or kidney failure.</p> <p>Medicine and changes in diet and other health habits can help slow down or reverse damage to the kidneys.</p> <h3>What Happens in Glomerulonephritis?</h3> <p>Inside the kidneys are balls of tiny blood vessels called glomeruli. They are the part of the kidneys that clean the blood and remove waste and extra fluids, which leave the body in pee.</p> <p>In glomerulonephritis, the glomeruli are swollen and irritated (inflamed). They stop working well, and blood cells and protein can leak into the pee. When this happens, fluids can also leak out of the blood vessels into the body's tissues. This causes swelling in the face, belly, hands, and feet.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Glomerulonephritis?</h3> <p>Glomerulonephritis can cause:</p> <ul> <li>puffiness in the face (more noticeable in the morning)</li> <li>the kidneys to make less pee than usual</li> <li>red or brown pee (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hematuria.html/">hematuria</a>)</li> <li>foamy or bubbly pee (proteinuria)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure</a> (hypertension)</li> </ul> <p>With chronic GN, symptoms can develop slowly over many months or years. Some kids won't have noticeable symptoms at first. Doctors may find the condition if a routine <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest7.html/">urine test</a>&nbsp;detects blood and/or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-protein.html/">protein</a>, or after a child is diagnosed with high blood pressure.</p> <p>In some cases, chronic GN can lead to more kidney damage, and even kidney failure (when the kidneys no longer can clean the blood well). Symptoms of kidney failure include:</p> <ul> <li>peeing too much or too little</li> <li>loss of appetite</li> <li>nausea and vomiting</li> <li>weight loss</li> <li>muscle cramps at night</li> <li>tiredness</li> <li>pale skin</li> <li>high blood pressure</li> <li>headaches</li> <li>swelling or puffiness</li> </ul> <p>If your child has any of these problems, it's important to see a doctor right away to find the cause. Having one of these signs alone doesn't mean a child has kidney failure. But when a few of these things happen together, that's a clue that kidney failure is possible.</p> <h3>What Causes Glomerulonephritis?</h3> <p>Acute GN sometimes happens after streptococcal <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">bacteria</a> cause a throat or skin infection. Other causes include:</p> <ul> <li>an infection with a different bacteria or virus</li> <li>immunological problems like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lupus.html/">lupus</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hsp.html/">Henoch-Sch&ouml;nlein purpura</a></li> </ul> <p>Chronic GN can be passed down in families, but sometimes doctors don't know what causes it.</p> <h3>How Is Glomerulonephritis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors diagnose glomerulonephritis by doing an exam and asking about symptoms. The doctor may order blood tests and get a urine sample for testing. The doctor also might order a kidney ultrasound to get a better look at the kidneys. Ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of organs and other body parts.</p> <p>In some cases, a child may have a kidney <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/biopsy.html/">biopsy</a>. During a kidney biopsy, a tiny bit of kidney tissue is removed and sent to a lab for testing.</p> <h3>How Is Glomerulonephritis Treated?</h3> <h4>Acute Glomerulonephritis</h4> <p>Sometimes acute glomerulonephritis gets better on its own. Treatment, if needed, depends on the cause and a child's age and overall health.</p> <p>When an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> problem causes GN, kids will get steroids and other drugs that help suppress the immune system. Antibiotics can treat a bacterial infection. Some kids may need a treatment to clean the blood using an artificial filter, called <strong>dialysis</strong>, if their kidneys are greatly and irreversibly damaged.</p> <p>To deal with uncomfortable symptoms, doctors may give medicines to lower blood pressure or help the kidneys make pee and get rid of waste. A child might need to drink less fluids than usual and eat a diet that's low in protein, salt, and potassium.</p> <p>In most cases of acute GN, the damage to the glomeruli eventually heals. How long this takes is different for every child. Acute GN that doesn't respond to treatment can become chronic.</p> <h4>Chronic Glomerulonephritis</h4> <p>To help healing and prevent more damage to the kidneys, kids should:</p> <ul> <li>eat a healthy diet with less protein, potassium, phosphorus, and salt</li> <li>get plenty of exercise (at least 1 hour a day for kids age 2 and older)</li> <li>drink less fluids</li> <li>take calcium supplements</li> <li>take medicines to lower high blood pressure</li> </ul> <p>When these methods don't help enough to prevent lasting kidney damage, kids may need dialysis treatments or a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidney-transplant.html/">kidney transplant</a>.</p> <h3>How Can Parents Help?</h3> <p>Follow the doctor's advice to help protect your child's kidneys and give your child the best chance of slowing down or stopping kidney damage or failure.</p> <p>You also can find more support and information online at:</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.kidney.org/">The National Kidney Foundation</a></li> </ul>La glomerulonefritisLa glomerulonefritis es un problema renal. El tratamiento médico y los cambios en la dieta y en otros hábitos relacionados con la salud pueden ayudar a enlentecer o a invertir el daño renal. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/glomerulonephritis-esp.html/edf47d51-c823-4a85-9d50-e2767c9e5337
Blood Test: Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) blood test helps evaluate kidney and liver function, sugar (glucose) and protein levels in the blood, and electrolyte and fluid balance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-cmp.html/63a5f98b-1fdf-49ae-b171-df6d35d43cde
Blood Test: PhosphorusDoctors may order a phosphorus blood test to help diagnose or monitor kidney disorders, calcium and bone problems, or other conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-phosphorus.html/0bbc2088-7cef-407b-902f-5d17004f52cb
Blood in the Urine (Hematuria)Hematuria is pretty common, and most of the time it's not serious. Find out what causes blood in the urine and what to do about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hematuria.html/1a7a52a4-6c14-4897-87a4-eeeb3d3cd0b1
GlomerulonephritisWith glomerulonephritis, tiny filtering units in the kidneys stop working properly, causing problems like too much fluid in the body and swelling. Most of the time it can be treated. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/glomerulonephritis.html/a3bf3907-d553-460e-92a5-ecbae0da926d
How the Body Works Main PageThe human body is an amazing machine. Learn more about it through movies, quizzes, articles, and more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/htbw-main-page.html/80641bb8-fbb4-4237-99ed-9b206756ad17
Kidney DiseaseSometimes, the kidneys can't do their job properly. In teens, kidney disease is usually due to infections, structural issues, glomerulonephritis, or nephrotic syndrome. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/kidney.html/4f21e885-14a9-4b12-a514-66998f93043c
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Kidneys and Urinary TractThe bean-shaped kidneys, each about the size of a child's fist, are essential to our health. Their most important role is to filter blood and produce urine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidneys-urinary.html/0cbf3444-1a45-4512-9af9-bc76e5592336
LupusLupus is known as an autoimmune disease in which a person's immune system mistakenly works against the body's own tissues.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lupus.html/5d0f4916-af65-49d3-afff-09d656af8ff1
Ultrasound: Renal (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder)A renal ultrasound makes images of your child's kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Doctors may order this test if they suspect kidney damage, cysts, tumors, kidney stones, or complications from urinary tract infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/renal-ultrasound.html/05b3083e-733a-40c6-9fd9-5a38877ccc4f
Urine TestsIs your child having a urine culture or urinalysis performed? Find out why urine tests are performed, and what to expect when the doctor orders them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest7.html/d8a510e5-7cb2-4868-9e5e-02f65dfb9f45
When Your Child Has a Chronic Kidney DiseaseParents of kids who have a chronic kidney disease often worry about what might happen next, how their child feels, and what treatments are likely to be involved. Find answers here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chronic-kidney-disease.html/9edcb2c0-d2af-4fd7-88e9-48c0ff7a2f55
When Your Child Needs a Kidney TransplantIf your child needs a kidney transplant, you're probably feeling lots of emotions. Fortunately, many kids who undergo kidney transplants go on to live normal, healthy lives.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidney-transplant.html/453b2488-cfff-4e14-bdbd-818b9906f828
Your KidneysYou need at least one kidney to live. Find out why in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/kidneys.html/e8b731bd-422b-4032-952a-5f2223257f23
Your Urinary SystemYou pee every day, but what makes it happen? Find out in this article for kids about the urinary system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/pee.html/6715ddc0-cd8e-428a-afd4-e3e3db22267f
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-nephrologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-nephrologyKidney & Urinary Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/kidney/ddb130c4-4734-46c1-af49-0b996a96356a