Frostbite and Frostnipenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_06_2.jpgYou can help prevent frostbite in cold weather by dressing kids in layers, making sure they come indoors at regular intervals, and watching for frostnip, frostbite's early warning signal.colds, winter, frostnip, snow, sledding hills, ice skating, dressing in layers, fingers, toes, red cheeks, runny noses, white, numb, thawing frozen skin, wet clothing, chilled body parts, warm water, emergency medical attention, tissue damage, blisters, swelling, red, blue, purple, hats, gloves, mittens, snowsuits, heating pads, ambulances, emergency medicine, emergency room03/22/200001/10/202001/10/2020Kate M. Cronan, MD01/01/2020d4b85cf7-6161-46fc-9af3-2a626cfc3f14https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/frostbite.html/<h3>What Is Frostbite?</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/frostbite-sheet.html/">Frostbite</a></strong> is a skin injury caused by freezing temperatures. Sometimes it also injures deeper tissue. Serious frostbite can go all the way down to the muscles and bones.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Frostbite?</h3> <p>Children with frostbite get white, waxy skin that feels numb and hard.</p> <p>Anyone can get frostbite, but kids are at greater risk for it than adults because:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Kids lose heat from their skin faster.</li> <li>Kids often don't want to leave their winter fun to go inside and warm up.</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Frostbite Treated?</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Call the doctor right away or take your child to a hospital <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergency-room.html/">emergency room</a>.</li> <li>If the feet are affected, carry your child. Do not let your child walk on frostbitten feet.</li> <li>Get your child into dry clothing in a warm environment.</li> </ul> <p>If you can't get to a hospital right away or must wait for an ambulance, give your child a warm drink and begin <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-kit.html/">first-aid</a> treatment:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Do not thaw the frostbitten area if it's at risk for refreezing before you get to a health care provider. Skin that is thawed then refrozen again can cause severe tissue damage.</li> <li>Put frozen areas in warm water (around 100&deg;F [38&deg;C]). If warm water is not available, wrap your child gently in warm blankets or use your body heat on the affected area.</li> <li>Do not use direct heat such as a fire or heating pad. The skin may be numb and can burn easily.</li> <li>Do not rub frostbitten skin or rub snow on it.</li> <li>Rewarming will bring on a burning sensation. Skin may blister and swell and may turn red, blue, or purple. When skin is pink and no longer numb, the area is thawed.</li> <li>If you have sterile dressings, put them on the area (be sure it's not too tight), placing it between fingers and toes if they are affected. Try not to disturb any blisters and keep the wound areas clean to prevent infection.</li> <li>Wrap rewarmed areas to prevent refreezing, and have your child keep thawed areas as still as possible. If you have the proper first-aid training, splinting the affected area can help reduce the risk of further injury.</li> </ul> <h3>Can Frostbite Be Prevented?</h3> <p>To help prevent frostbite in cold weather:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Stay updated on weather forecasts. If it's extremely cold, even brief exposure to cold can cause frostbite.</li> <li>Dress kids in layered warm clothes. Use hats, gloves, scarves, thick socks, and well-insulated boots to cover body parts that are most at risk for frostbite. Inner clothing layers that absorb moisture and outer layers that are windproof and waterproof are best.</li> <li>Make sure kids come indoors regularly to warm up.</li> <li>Change kids out of wet clothing or shoes as soon as possible.</li> <li>If you travel to a remote area, make sure you have proper supplies in case of emergencies and let family or friends know your travel plans.</li> <li>Take a first-aid and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cpr.html/">CPR</a> class to learn what to do in an emergency.</li> </ul> <h3>What Is Frostnip?</h3> <p><strong>Frostnip</strong> is a milder form of cold injury. It usually affects areas of skin exposed to the cold, such as the cheeks, nose, ears, fingers, and toes, leaving them red and numb or tingly. Frostnip can be treated at home and gets better with rewarming.</p> <h3>How Is Frostnip Treated?</h3> <p>Bring your child indoors right away. Then:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Remove all wet clothing. Wet clothes draw heat away from the body.</li> <li>Place chilled parts of the body in warm (not hot) water for 20 to 30 minutes until all sensation returns. Don't let your child control the water temperature during rewarming. Numb hands won't feel the heat and can be severely burned by water that is too hot. You also can use your body heat to rewarm cold areas.</li> <li>Don't use heating pads, stoves, fireplaces, or radiators to rewarm because the affected skin can be numb and easily burn.</li> </ul> <p>Call your doctor if sensation does not return or your child has signs of frostbite.</p>CongelacionesLas congelaciones son, como sugiere su nombre, partes de tejido corporal literalmente congeladas.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/frostbite-esp.html/2740b31f-9c31-4ec5-925a-558e786b107f
Cold, Ice, and Snow SafetyIn ice and snow, accidents can happen easily. Find out how to keep your family safe - and fit - while the weather is chilly.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/winter-safety.html/ecb78fbd-2d4c-4de9-8b77-c003b22f17b6
First Aid: FrostbiteExposure to extreme cold can cause frostbite, a serious condition that requires emergency care. Here's what to do if your child has frostbite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/frostbite-sheet.html/23626c72-8aea-47dd-b76e-b9b15ee390ce
First-Aid KitA well-stocked first-aid kit, kept in easy reach, is a necessity in every home. Learn where you should keep a kit and what to put in it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-kit.html/2f6d45fe-811c-4a37-b584-11ae49855085
How to Be Safe in Ice and SnowWinter is a fun time of year. But while you're out having fun, you have to know how to be safe. Check out our article for kids to learn how to stay safe in snow and cold weather.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/winter-safety.html/d8afadfe-41e4-41ce-b230-eba537cc8fda
Knowing Your Child's Medical HistoryIn an emergency, health care professionals will have many questions about a patient's medical history. It's easy to compile this information now, and it could save critical minutes later.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medhist.html/f6063f6a-56b4-4bb2-8d8c-ef9641fc25fb
Safety Tips: HockeyAs fun as it is, ice hockey carries a very real risk of injury. To find out how to stay as safe as possible, follow these tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-hockey.html/2e8b75a7-902e-48d2-aa2f-cb88bb1f56cf
Safety Tips: SkiingThere's a lot to love about skiing, but it can also present some very real dangers. Follow these tips to stay safe on the slopes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-skiing.html/9f8149ca-82be-4f8c-9591-d76789bad066
Safety Tips: SleddingSledding is a lot of fun, but can also cause injuries, some of them pretty serious. To keep yourself safe while sledding, follow these safety tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-sledding.html/6f496c4b-807a-4e96-b62e-2c11ac260f9c
Safety Tips: SnowboardingSnowboarding is a great way to have fun, but it can also present some very real dangers. Follow these safety tips to learn how to stay safe on the slopes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-snowboarding.html/ce0b64f4-973b-49c9-b0cb-eda69e1066a3
What You Need to Know in an EmergencyIn an emergency, it's hard to think clearly about your kids' health information. Here's what important medical information you should have handy, just in case.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/healthin.html/1a2e653b-b86b-4866-aa55-a6a084f4f7f8
Winter Sports: Sledding, Skiing, Snowboarding, SkatingYou'll have more fun if you stay safe in the cold and snow. Find out how in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/winter-sports.html/82173600-ce83-4918-aac8-0eee76fe6ddd
Word! HypothermiaHypothermia is when the body gets so cold that it can't warm itself up again.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/hypothermia.html/3839e267-c182-4eca-b529-ea05fe893dde
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-emergencyMedicinekh:genre-printablekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-emergencyMedicineOutdoor Safetyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-safe/outdoor/d920ac5a-dabb-473c-9df7-ce1b97a9b043Emergencieshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-safe/emergencies/114c34a9-860a-444c-849e-8c8666e0d2a2