Food Allergies Factsheet (for Schools)enparents teachers should know about food allergies, and how to help students avoid or deal with allergic allergies special needs factsheet, food allergies, allergies, allergy, anaphylaxis, epinephrine, allergic reaction, peanut, peanuts, nut, nuts, seafood, seafoods, fish, shellfish, milk, dairy, egg, eggs, soy, wheat, CD1Allergy & Immunology, CD1Gastroentrology (GI)08/21/201311/08/201911/08/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD06/01/2018d29922f5-a8ff-43e5-8422-663dd0073a5d<h3>What Teachers Should Know</h3> <p>A food allergy happens when the body's immune system, which normally fights infections, reacts to a food as an invader. The immune system responds by releasing chemicals such as histamine into the body, triggering an allergic reaction.</p> <p>Lots of kids have food allergies. The most common food allergies are to:</p> <ul> <li>peanuts and other nuts</li> <li>seafood (fish and/or shellfish)</li> <li>milk products</li> <li>eggs</li> <li>soy</li> <li>wheat</li> </ul> <p>Allergic reactions can cause:</p> <ul> <li>itchiness, rash, or hives</li> <li>runny or stuffy nose, sneezing</li> <li>itchy, watery eyes</li> <li>coughing, wheezing, difficulty breathing</li> <li>abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea</li> <li>swelling</li> <li>throat tightness and hoarseness</li> <li>lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting</li> </ul> <p>Even if previous reactions have been mild, someone with a food allergy is always at risk of a serious reaction called anaphylaxis. This can be life-threatening and needs immediate medical care. In some children, even touching or inhaling a food they are allergic to can cause anaphylaxis.</p> <p>Students who have food allergies may need to:</p> <ul> <li>carry an epinephrine auto-injector for emergencies</li> <li>wear a medical alert bracelet</li> <li>go to the school nurse to take medicine or assess reactions</li> <li>have special seating accommodations during lunch to avoid exposure to allergens like peanuts</li> <li>have alternative snacks or foods for lunches, snack times, or classroom parties</li> </ul> <h3>What Teachers Can Do</h3> <p>The best strategy is to help students with allergies avoid the foods and drinks that they are allergic to. Be sure to read the ingredients on food labels and don't allow food in your classroom if it might cause problems.</p> <p>Students with food allergies may be bullied because of their allergies. Help other students understand the special precautions required due to food allergies.</p> <p>Students at risk for food allergies must have a plan for handling emergencies. Make sure you, the students, parents, and school nurse all know where the epinephrine auto-injector is stored and how your student will get it quickly if needed.</p>
5 Ways to Prepare for an Allergy EmergencyBeing prepared for an allergy emergency will help you, your child, and other caregivers respond in the event of a serious reaction.
A to Z: AnaphylaxisAnaphylaxis is a sudden, life-threatening reaction that is usually caused by an allergy.
Egg AllergyBabies sometimes have an allergic reaction to eggs. If that happens, they can't eat eggs for a while. But the good news is that most kids outgrow this allergy by age 5.
Fish AllergyFish allergy can cause a serious reaction. Find out how to keep kids safe.
Food AllergiesFood allergies can cause serious and even deadly reactions in kids, so it's important to know how to feed a child with food allergies and to prevent reactions.
Food Allergies and TravelTaking precautions and carrying meds are just part of normal life for someone who has a food allergy. Here are some tips on how to make travel also feel perfectly routine.
Food Allergies: How to CopeWith food allergies, preventing a reaction means avoiding that food entirely. But sometimes allergens can be hidden in places you don't expect. Here are tips on living with a food allergy.
Going to School With Food AllergiesWith preparation and education, a child with a food allergy can stay safe at school.
Milk AllergyMilk allergy can cause serious reactions. Find out how to keep kids safe.
My Friend Has a Food Allergy. How Can I Help?Although food allergies are more common than ever, people who have them may feel different or embarrassed. A good friend can really help.
Nut and Peanut AllergyIf your child is allergic to nuts or peanuts, it's essential to learn what foods might contain them and how to avoid them.
Shellfish AllergyShellfish allergy can cause serious reactions. Find out common symptoms of allergic reactions and how to respond.
Soy AllergySoy is found in many foods and it's a common food allegy. Find out how to help kids with an allergy stay safe.
Wheat AllergyWheat allergy can cause serious reactions. Find out how to help kids with an allergy stay safe.
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-allergykh:genre-handoutkh:genre-teacherGuidekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-allergyFood Allergy Resources for Educators