Stool Test: Fecal Bloodenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-testFecalBlood-enHD-AR1.gifStool samples can provide information about a problem in the GI system. To test the stool for the presence of blood, a noninvasive test - the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) - is performed.stools, feces, bloody diarrhea, fecal occult blood tests, FOBT, diagnostic tests10/20/200810/03/201910/03/20194278f0db-d965-4089-aa67-4ebdd6598888https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fobt.html/ <h3>What It Is</h3> <p>A stool (feces) sample can provide doctors with valuable information about what's going on when your child has a problem in the stomach, intestines, rectum, or other part of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. One of the most common reasons to collect a sample is to determine if there's blood in the stool.</p> <p>Sometimes harmful bacteria or parasites can cause a variety of conditions, such as bloody diarrhea. It may be necessary to examine the stool under a microscope and perform other tests to find the cause of the problem.</p> <p>To test the stool for the presence of blood, a noninvasive test called the <strong>fecal occult blood test (FOBT)</strong> is performed. The test detects hidden (occult) blood in the stool &mdash; blood that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Blood may come from any part of the digestive tract, from the esophagus to the anal area. Sometimes, blood detected in the stool can come from swallowed blood if the child has had bleeding from the mouth, throat or nose.</p> <h3>Why It's Done</h3> <p>A doctor may request a fecal occult blood test to look for blood that's present due to causes such as:</p> <ul> <li>allergies or inflammation</li> <li>gastrointestinal infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites</li> <li>bleeding in the GI tract from ulcers and other problems</li> <li>polyps</li> </ul> <h3>Preparation</h3> <p>Unlike most other lab tests, a stool sample is often collected by parents at home, not by health care professionals at a hospital or clinic.</p> <p>For a week before the test, your child may be asked to avoid certain foods and medications such as:</p> <ul> <li>aspirin</li> <li>anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen</li> <li>vitamin C supplements</li> </ul> <h3>Procedure</h3> <p>The doctor or hospital laboratory will usually provide written instructions on how to collect a stool sample.</p> <p>If instructions aren't provided, here are tips for collecting a stool sample from your child:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Be sure to wear latex gloves and wash your hands and your child's hands afterward.</li> <li>Many kids with diarrhea, especially young kids, can't always let a parent know in advance when a bowel movement is coming. So a hat-shaped plastic lid is used to collect the stool specimen. This catching device can be quickly placed over a toilet bowl, or under your child's bottom, to collect the sample. Using a catching device can prevent contamination of the stool by water and dirt. Another way to collect a stool sample is to loosely place plastic wrap over the toilet seat. Then place the stool sample in a clean, sealable container before taking it to the lab. Plastic wrap can also be used to line the diaper of an infant or toddler who isn't yet using the toilet.</li> <li>The stool should be collected into clean, dry plastic jars with screw-cap lids. Your child may be asked to provide a stool sample one or more times. For best results, the stool should be brought to the lab right away. If this isn't possible, the stool should be refrigerated and then taken to the lab as soon as possible.</li> </ul> <h3>What to Expect</h3> <p>When the sample arrives at the laboratory, it's checked for blood by placing a smear of the stool on special paper. A chemical solution called guiac is then placed on the paper with the stool smear. If the paper turns blue, this means there's blood in the stool.</p> <h3>Getting the Results</h3> <p>In general, the result of the fecal occult blood test is reported within a day.</p> <h3>Risks</h3> <p>No risks are associated with collecting stool samples.</p> <h3>Helping Your Child</h3> <p>Collecting a stool sample is painless. Tell your child that collecting the stool won't hurt, but it has to be done carefully. A child who is old enough might be able to collect the sample alone to avoid embarrassment. Instruct your child how to do this properly.</p> <h3>If You Have Questions</h3> <p>If you have questions about the fecal occult blood test, speak with your doctor.</p> Muestra de materia fecal: sangre ocultaUno de los motivos más comunes para la recolección de muestras es determinar si hay sangre en las heces.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/fobt-esp.html/e6ca5308-8b37-4dc2-8d2b-c5d5fa9428a4
A to Z Symptom: Rectal BleedingLearn about some common causes of rectal bleeding, most of which aren't serious.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-symptoms-rectal-bleeding.html/b5eb7642-ce35-4627-b3f5-20338eb1276a
AmebiasisAmebiasis is an intestinal illness transmitted when someone eats or drinks something that's contaminated with a microscopic parasite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/amebiasis.html/b310b6cc-8a54-4b7d-8101-b84231338943
Campylobacter InfectionsThese bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/campylobacter.html/1b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201
DiarrheaMost kids battle diarrhea from time to time, so it's important to know what to do to relieve and even prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/38efbf41-ac94-4d02-be5d-365f9b03cc12
GiardiasisGiardiasis, one of the chief causes of diarrhea in the United States, is an intestinal illness caused by a microscopic parasite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/giardiasis.html/f1cd6920-2964-4bd2-815f-d3b2a1ee3018
Stool Test: Bacteria CultureA stool culture helps doctors determine if there's a bacterial infection in the intestines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/219b0003-f766-4465-88ea-71463f490add
Stool Test: C. Difficile ToxinA doctor may request a C. difficile toxin stool test if your child has taken antibiotics in the past month or so and has had diarrhea for several days.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-difficile.html/8baab114-6c3c-406a-a2dd-8a6fbde52871
Stool Test: Giardia AntigenThis test may be done if a child has watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, large amounts of intestinal gas, appetite loss, and nausea or vomiting.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-giardia.html/7f6ef65b-6970-473d-9bd1-23edf89ea4d2
Stool Test: H. Pylori AntigenA doctor may request an H. pylori antigen stool test if your child has symptoms that indicate a peptic ulcer, such as indigestion, abdominal pain, a full or bloated feeling, nausea, frequent belching, or vomiting.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-pylori-antigen.html/76a170ec-a896-4d74-a51f-738b452846e8
Stool TestsYour child's doctor may order a stool collection test to check for blood, bacteria, ova, or parasites. Find out how this test is performed and when you can expect the results.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest8.html/74d5d87f-1ab7-4c11-a9bc-126a3da3e933
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-pathologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pathologyMedical Tests & Examshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medical/b5327501-2bda-444b-8df1-a1af15af79cb