Febrile Seizuresenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-febrileSeizure-enHD-AR1.jpgFebrile seizures are full-body convulsions caused by high fevers that affect young kids. Although they can be frightening, they usually stop on their own and don't cause any other health problems.febrile seizures, seizures, convulsions, epilepsy, fevers, fits, epileptic, epileptic fits, shakes, convulsing, convulsed, shaking, siezures, seeshures, seesures, seasures, CD1Emergency Medicine, CD1Neurosurgery, CD1Epilepsy12/15/200610/03/201809/02/2019Anita S. Nathan, MD10/01/201885d50f3c-9caa-4f88-9a3c-e55ab0a9b537https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/febrile.html/<h3>What Are Febrile Seizures?</h3> <p>Febrile seizures are convulsions that can happen when a young child has a&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a> above 100.4&deg;F (38&deg;C). (Febrile means &quot;feverish.&quot;) The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a> usually last for a few minutes and stop on their own. The fever may continue for some time.</p> <p>Febrile seizures can look serious, but most stop without treatment and don't cause other health problems. Some kids might feel sleepy after one, while others feel no lasting effects.</p> <h3>Who Gets Febrile Seizures?</h3> <p>Febrile (FEH-bryle) seizures happen in kids 6 months to 5 years old. They're most common in toddlers 12–18 months old.</p> <p>Kids are more likely to have a febrile seizure if:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>They have a family history of febrile seizures.</li> <li>They've already had one. About 1 in every 3 kids who have had one febrile seizure will have another, usually within 1–2 years of the first.</li> <li>They had a first febrile seizure when they were younger than 15 months old.</li> </ul> <p>Most children outgrow having febrile seizures by the time they are 5 years old.</p> <p>Febrile seizures are not considered <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy.html/">epilepsy</a> (seizure disorder). Kids who have a febrile seizure have only a slightly increased risk for developing epilepsy.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Febrile Seizures?</h3> <p>There are two types of febrile seizures:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Simple febrile seizures</strong> are most common. They're usually over in a few minutes, but in rare cases can last up to 15 minutes. During this type of seizure, a child may: <ol> <ul> <li>convulse, shake, and twitch all over</li> <li>roll the eyes</li> <li>moan</li> <li>become unconscious (pass out)</li> <li>vomit or urinate (pee) during the convulsions</li> </ul> </ol></li> <li><strong>Complex febrile seizures</strong>&nbsp;last longer than 10 minutes, happen more than once in 24 hours, and involve movement or twitching of only one part or one side of the body.</li> </ol> <h3>What Causes Febrile Seizures?</h3> <p>No one knows why febrile seizures happen. But evidence suggests that they're linked to some viruses and the way that a child's developing <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">brain</a> reacts to high fevers.</p> <h3>What to Do</h3> <p>If your child has a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/febrile-seizures-sheet.html/">febrile seizure</a>, stay calm and:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Gently place your child on the floor or the ground.</li> <li>Remove any nearby objects.</li> <li>Place your child on his or her side to prevent choking.</li> <li>Loosen any clothing around the head and neck.</li> <li>Watch for signs of breathing problems, including bluish color in the face.</li> <li>Try to keep track of how long the seizure lasts.</li> </ol> <p>If the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, or your child turns blue, it may be a more serious type of seizure — <strong>call 911 right away</strong>.</p> <p>It's also important to know what you should <strong>not</strong> do during a febrile seizure:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Do not try to hold or restrain your child.</li> <li>Do not put anything in your child's mouth.</li> <li>Do not try to give your child fever-reducing medicine.</li> <li>Do not try to put your child into cool or lukewarm water to cool off.</li> </ul> <p>When the seizure is over, call your doctor for an appointment&nbsp;to find the cause of the fever. The doctor will examine your child and ask you to describe the seizure. In most cases, no other treatment is needed. The doctor might order tests if your child is under 1 year old and had other symptoms, like vomiting or diarrhea.</p> <p>The doctor may recommend the standard treatment for fevers, which is <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibuprofen.html/">ibuprofen</a>. Giving these medicines around the clock is not recommended and won't prevent febrile seizures.</p> <p>If your child has more than one or two febrile seizures that last more than 5 minutes, the doctor might prescribe an anti-seizure medicine to give at home.</p> <h3>When to Call 911</h3> <p>Get emergency medical care if your child:</p> <ul> <li>has a febrile seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes</li> <li>the seizure involves only some parts of the body instead of the whole body</li> <li>has trouble breathing or turns blue</li> <li>isn't responding normally</li> <li>has another seizure within 24 hours</li> <li>had to take an anti-seizure medicine to make the seizure stop</li> </ul> <p>A child who has missed getting some vaccines and has a febrile seizure could have a higher risk for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/meningitis.html/">meningitis</a>. Get medical care right away if your child has any signs of meningitis, such as:</p> <ul> <li>a stiff neck</li> <li>a lot of vomiting</li> <li>in babies, a bulging soft spot on the head</li> </ul> <p>Febrile seizures can be scary to see. But they're fairly common and not usually a symptom of serious illness. If you have questions or concerns, talk with your doctor.</p>Convulsiones febrilesLas convulsiones febriles son convulsiones que afectan a todo el cuerpo y que están provocadas por la fiebre alta. Aunque pueden asustar bastante a los padres, por lo general remiten por si solas y no provocan ningún otro problema de salud.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/febrile-esp.html/81958f45-90ed-4def-8cd6-7f319d8b2ab5
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
EpilepsySeizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Learn all about epilepsy, including what to do if you see someone having a seizure.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/epilepsy.html/85df049a-dc59-41a5-b92c-421ea2d711be
FeversFevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/42ab5a5d-1c03-493e-acf5-0ac569d1b946
First Aid: Febrile SeizuresFebrile seizures are convulsions that happen in some children with fevers. They usually stop on their own after a few minutes and don't cause any other health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/febrile-seizures-sheet.html/804b66fe-076e-4851-9990-ef93e771fe1d
SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/17184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44
What You Need to Know in an EmergencyIn an emergency, it's hard to think clearly about your kids' health information. Here's what important medical information you should have handy, just in case.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/healthin.html/1a2e653b-b86b-4866-aa55-a6a084f4f7f8
What's a Fever?What are fevers? Why do kids get them? Get the facts on temperatures and fevers in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/fever.html/22e55702-eea3-4144-b11b-c0aec2e4f6e3
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-emergencyMedicinekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-neurologyBrain & Nervous Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/brain/d6b00a11-9db0-403c-bc41-00bcdf022537Newborn Health Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-health-conditions/85832563-037d-4bcf-b68e-8877d94e4fd5Sick Kidshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/general/sick/3c1c9be2-f915-4f76-baac-ad2943a5a8e6Health Problems of Preemieshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preventing-premature-birth/health-problems-of-preemies/9f1dabc6-56dd-4d0f-a7ae-c0083f79eeac