Eye Injuriesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-firstaidEye-enHD-AR1.jpgYou can treat many minor eye irritations by flushing the eye, but more serious injuries require medical attention.irritation, contusion, bruise, cornea, eye injury, eye injuries, eye wound, black eye, blindness, blind, sand, dirt, foreign bodies, foreign body, eyelid, don't press the eye, saline solution, flush the eye, scratch, lens, infections, dislodged, embedded, eye patch, something in eye, stuck in eye, sterile dressing, chemical exposure, poisoning, eye is burning, eye is stinging, eye is hurt, injured eye, poison control center, blunt injury, cold compresses, acetaminophen, pressure, drainage, eye pain, distorted vision, sports, goggles, unbreakable glasses, my child has an object in the eye, my child's eye is falling out of the socket, socket, eye socket, emergency medicine, emergency room, ophthalmology, ophtho, optho, eye doctor, eyes, CD1Ophthalmological Surgery, CD1Ophthalmological Surgery, CD1Eye Problems03/22/200004/30/201909/02/2019Jonathan H. Salvin, MD09/14/2014478e5af4-6659-4a6f-ba0b-9870e14936cchttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eye-injury.html/ <p>Eye injuries are the most common preventable cause of blindness. While many minor eye irritations can be treated at home by flushing the eye with water, more serious injuries need medical attention. So when in doubt, err on the side of caution and call your doctor for help.</p> <h3>What to Do:</h3> <h3>Routine Irritations<br /> (sand, dirt, and other foreign bodies on the eye surface)</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Wash your hands thoroughly before touching the eyelids to examine or flush the eye.</li> <li>Do <strong>not</strong> touch, press, or rub the eye itself, and do whatever you can to keep your child from touching it (a baby can be swaddled to prevent this).</li> <li>Do <strong>not</strong> try to remove any foreign body except by flushing. Other methods can scratch the surface of the eye, especially the cornea.</li> <li>Tilt your child's head over a basin or sink with the affected eye down and gently pull down the lower lid. Encourage your&nbsp;child to open the eyes as wide as possible. For an infant or small child, it's helpful to have a second person hold the child's eyes open while you flush.</li> <li>Gently pour a steady stream of lukewarm water (do <strong>not</strong> heat the water) from a pitcher or faucet over the eye.</li> <li>Flush for up to 15 minutes, checking the eye every 5 minutes to see if the foreign body has been flushed out.</li> <li>Because a particle can <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/corneal-abrasions.html/">scratch the cornea</a> and cause an infection, the eye should be examined by a doctor if&nbsp;irritation continues after flushing.</li> <li>A foreign body that remains after&nbsp;flushing probably will require removal by a trained medical professional.</li> </ul> <h3>Embedded Foreign Body<br /> (an object penetrates or enters the globe of the eye)</h3> <p>If an object, such as a piece of glass or metal, is sticking out of the eye, take the following steps:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Call for <a class="kh_anchor">emergency medical help</a> or bring the child to the emergency room.</li> <li>Cover the affected eye with a small cup taped in place. The point is to keep all pressure off the eye.</li> <li>Keep your child (and yourself) as calm and comfortable as possible until help arrives.</li> </ul> <h3>Chemical Exposure</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Many chemicals, even those found around the house, can damage an eye. If your child gets a chemical in the eye and you know what it is, look on the product's container for an emergency number to call for instructions.</li> <li>Flush the eye (see Routine Irritations) immediately with lukewarm water for 15 to 30 minutes. If both eyes are affected, flush them in the shower.</li> <li>Call for emergency medical help.</li> </ul> <p>Call your local <a class="kh_anchor">poison control center</a> for specific instructions. Be prepared to give the exact name of the chemical, if you have it. However, do <strong>not</strong> delay flushing the eye first.</p> <h3>Black Eyes and Blunt Injuries</h3> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-eyelid-contusion.html/">black eye</a> is often a minor injury. But this bruising&nbsp;also can be the result of a significant eye injury or head trauma. A visit to the doctor or an eye specialist might be needed to rule out serious injury, particularly if you're not sure what caused the black eye.</p> <p>For a black eye:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Apply cold compresses intermittently: 5 to 10 minutes on, 10 to 15 minutes off. If you use ice, make sure it's covered with a towel or sock to protect the delicate skin on the eyelid.</li> <li>Use cold compresses for 24 to 48 hours, then switch to applying warm compresses intermittently. This will help the body reabsorb the leakage of blood and may help reduce discoloration.</li> <li>If the child is in pain, give acetaminophen &mdash; <strong>not</strong> aspirin or ibuprofen, which can increase bleeding.</li> <li>Prop the child's head with an extra pillow at night, and encourage him or her to sleep on the uninjured side of the face (pressure can increase swelling).</li> <li>Call your doctor, who may recommend an in-depth evaluation to rule out damage to the eye. Call immediately if you see any of these problems: <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>increased redness</li> <li>drainage from the eye</li> <li>lasting eye pain</li> <li>any changes in vision</li> <li>any visible abnormality of the eyeball</li> <li>visible bleeding on the white part (sclera) of the eye, especially near the cornea</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <p>If the injury happened during one of your child's routine activities, such as a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-safety.html/">sport</a>, follow up by investing in an ounce of prevention &mdash; protective goggles or unbreakable glasses are vitally important.</p>
A to Z: Contusion (Bruise), EyelidLearn more about black eyes and eyelid contusions in children.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-eyelid-contusion.html/a8445fdc-65d7-4661-a6e3-4b1a4902324d
A to Z: Foreign Body, EyeTo prevent damage to the eye, any object that isn't washed out right away by tears must be removed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-foreign-eye.html/cb2d4269-343b-47e5-b2e2-d345ea1db40b
Corneal AbrasionsCorneal abrasions, which are common among kids, happen when something gets into the eye. Though sometimes painful, they're rarely serious and usually heal within a few days.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/corneal-abrasions.html/ba6072f6-fadb-411d-8423-688c3f007f7a
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Fireworks SafetyFireworks are cool to watch, but it's best to let the professionals set them off. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/fireworks.html/1b4d944a-d5ae-4115-b0e4-09efce815f22
First Aid: Eye InjuriesSome eye injuries can be treated at home, while others require a visit to the doctor or emergency room. Find out what to do if your child has eye pain.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eye-injuries-sheet.html/e1ef853d-bdf9-4f97-b6e4-177d9abd1d94
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How to Use 911You can be a big help when someone is hurt or in danger. How? By dialing 911. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/911.html/0b8d4e4b-7bbe-488d-9927-b6a8e8f94d56
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Taking Care of Your VisionEven if you're lucky enough to have perfect vision, taking care of and protecting your eyes is vital to keeping your peepers perfect. Learn all about how to take care of your baby blues (or browns or greens) in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vision-care.html/25c29a93-b9b8-4350-81bf-455e1b19d57b
Visual ImpairmentWhen one or more parts of the eye or brain that are needed to process images become diseased or damaged, severe or total loss of vision can occur. Read all about visual impairment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/visual-impairment.html/24537535-ce73-4c5a-b289-632602997457
What You Need to Know in an EmergencyIn an emergency, it's hard to think clearly about your kids' health information. Here's what important medical information you should have handy, just in case.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/healthin.html/1a2e653b-b86b-4866-aa55-a6a084f4f7f8
Why Do Eyes Water?What does it mean when your eyes water? It's not the same as crying - or is it?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/eyes-water.html/41af63d7-e4b2-4dc9-bf05-9a6edfcedce0
Your Child's VisionIt's important for kids to have their eyes examined regularly, as many vision problems and eye diseases can be detected and treated early.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vision.html/892d3a4f-f816-4903-a587-3514f79f4d68
Your EyesEver wonder how your eyes work? This article for kids takes you from the pupil to the retina and beyond.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/eyes.html/41e9a218-5f21-465b-9403-85aacb77c062
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