Ewing Sarcomaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-ewingSarcoma-enHD-AR1.gifThis type of cancer mainly develops in the arms, legs, ribs, spinal column, and pelvis. Early diagnosis and treatment mean most kids have a good chance of recovery.bone cancers, tumors, cancerous tumors, teenager cancers, childhood cancers, chemotherapy, radiation, amputation, cancer of the bones, soft tissues, soft tissue tumor, bone tumor, metastasize, metastasized, metastasis, spread of cancer, bone marrow, soft tissue, prosthetics, limbs, prosthetic, prosthesis, amputate, amputations, losing a limb, ewing's sarcoma, ewing sarcoma, CD1Bone Tumors, CD1Oncology09/18/200801/21/201901/21/2019Howard M. Katzenstein, MD01/15/2019d0f7ffae-48f0-4233-929e-5ec9f9c4b56ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ewings.html/<h3>What Is Ewing Sarcoma?</h3> <p>Ewing sarcoma is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/">cancerous</a> tumor that can happen in any bone in the body, but most often happens in bones of the arms, legs, rib, spine and pelvis. Occasionally, a tumor can develop outside of a bone in the soft tissue around it.</p> <h3>Who Gets Ewing Sarcoma?</h3> <p>Most cases happen in teens and young adults (10 to 20 years old) and Ewing sarcoma affects more males than females.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Ewing Sarcoma?</h3> <p>Someone with Ewing sarcoma might have:</p> <ul> <li>a lump in the bone of the arm or leg</li> <li>pain in a bone</li> <li>swelling and warmth near a bone</li> <li>bone pain that does not get better over time or lasts longer than expected for a minor injury</li> <li>limping</li> </ul> <p>If the cancer spreads, or <strong>metastasizes</strong>, it usually goes to the lungs, other bones, or to the bone marrow (the spongy material inside the bone).</p> <h3>How Is Ewing Sarcoma Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose Ewing sarcoma, a doctor will do an exam, take a detailed medical history , and order some tests.</p> <p>Tests can include:</p> <ul> <li>X-rays</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri.html/">MRI</a> (magnetic resonance imaging)</li> <li>a bone scan</li> <li>a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/biopsy.html/">biopsy</a> (getting a sample of the tumor)</li> </ul> <p>If the doctor diagnoses Ewing sarcoma, the child will have other imaging tests to see if the cancer has spread to any other part of the body. Doctors will also order blood tests to make sure that organs like the heart, liver, and kidneys are working well enough to tolerate treatment.</p> <h3>How Is Ewing Sarcoma Treated?</h3> <p>How doctors treat Ewing sarcoma depends on:&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>the size of the tumor</li> <li>the location of the tumor</li> <li>whether the disease has spread to other parts of the body</li> </ul> <p>The types of treatment used include some or all of these:</p> <p><strong>Chemotherapy:</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/">Chemotherapy</a>&nbsp;often is given first to shrink the tumor, improve pain, and stop the spread of cancer. Doctors also may use chemotherapy after radiation therapy or surgery to prevent the cancer cells from coming back.</p> <p>Chemotherapy usually lasts 6 months to a year. During treatment, the child will usually stay in the hospital for a 3–6 days every 2 to 3 weeks. Some kids may need to return to the hospital between treatments if they have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/">side effects</a>, like fever or infection, or if they need a <a class="kh_anchor">blood transfusion</a>.</p> <p>After chemotherapy, the doctor's goal is to continue to kill tumor cells around the tumor. This can be done with:</p> <p><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">Radiation therapy</a>:</strong> High-energy X-rays are directed at the tumor to kill cancer cells. Doctors may use radiation to shrink the tumor before surgery. They may also use it instead of surgery if the tumor's location makes surgery difficult and might lead to long-term problems.</p> <p><strong>Surgery:</strong> The surgeon removes the tumor by cutting it out and trying to remove all of the tissue around the tumor that contains cancer cells. The goal is to have &quot;negative margins&quot; (this means cancer cells are not seen under the microscope in the tissue from the area outside the tumor).</p> <p>Doctors sometimes do reconstructive surgery to rebuild the area where the tumor and other tissue was. They can do this with:</p> <ul> <li>a live tissue graft (from the patient's own body)</li> <li>donor tissue (usually from a bone bank)</li> <li>artificial tissue (made from metal or other synthetic material)</li> </ul> <p>Sometimes, to make sure they remove all the cancer, doctors might need to amputate the affected limb (surgically removing all or part of it along with the tumor). A prosthesis (artificial arm or leg) can replace what was removed. In some cases, amputation offers the best chance for cure.</p> <h3>What Are the Side Effects of Treatment?</h3> <p>Complications after surgery can include:</p> <ul> <li>infection</li> <li>slow healing of the wound</li> </ul> <p>Chemotherapy-related side effects can include:</p> <ul> <li>short-term problems: <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a> (low red blood count); bleeding easily; risk of infection; risk of kidney, liver, or heart damage</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/late-effects.html/">long-term problems</a>: possible increased risk of developing other cancers; <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-fertility.html/">fertility</a> problems</li> </ul> <p>Amputation-related problems can include:</p> <ul> <li>an adjustment period while the child learns to learn to use a prosthetic</li> <li>long-term psychological and social issues related to the prosthesis</li> <li>fracture or poor healing of the bank bone</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Ewing sarcoma has the best chance of being cured when it's treated by experts in pediatric cancer treatment. Young adults may benefit from treatment at a children's hospital instead of an adult hospital because of the care team's expertise.</p> <p>Successful treatment is harder if the disease spreads to other parts of the body. But with the combination of treatments available — and powerful new therapies on the horizon — the outlook for kids with advanced disease is improving.</p> <p>Having a child being treated for cancer can feel overwhelming for any family. But you're not alone. To find support, talk to anyone on the care team or a hospital social worker. Many resources are available to help you and your child. You also can find information and support online at:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://www.cancer.gov/types/bone">National Cancer Institute</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.acco.org/bone-cancer/">American Childhood Cancer Organization</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.oncolink.org/cancers/sarcomas/sarcoma-ewing">OncoLink</a></li> </ul>Sarcoma de EwingEl sarcoma de Ewing es un tumor canceroso que puede aparecer en cualquier hueso del cuerpo. La mayoría de los casos se dan en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes (10 a 20 años) y el sarcoma de Ewing afecta más a los hombres que a las mujeres.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/ewings-esp.html/6ee7c233-e14c-4080-b426-844f480814e3
Can I Have Children After Cancer Treatments?When chemotherapy and other treatments attack cancer cells, they can affect some of the body's healthy cells too. As a teen, you'll want to know what this can mean to your fertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fertility.html/4543f264-b161-402f-8231-768ae12a4f1f
Cancer CenterFrom treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/92fcdf56-6935-42ac-a953-9eaf5f96fe2f
ChemotherapyChemotherapy is a big word for treatment with medicines used to help people who have cancer. This medicine kills the cancer cells that are making the person sick.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/chemo.html/8c03a04e-e4b5-47b3-8476-20d45619a51f
Childhood CancerDifferent kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/fb37fd75-d961-43c2-b963-ef6f60486038
Dealing With CancerIt's unusual for teens to have cancer, but it can happen. The good news is that most will survive and return to their everyday lives. Learn about how to cope if you or someone you know has cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/deal-with-cancer.html/7bc989fa-70dd-47d8-8c21-c5359f1dca38
Effects of Cancer Treatment on FertilityWhile some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-fertility.html/105d2ee6-8f6e-4171-a7fc-66bef6db7e32
Late Effects of Cancer and Cancer TreatmentLong-term side effects, or late effects, happen to many cancer survivors. With early diagnosis and proper follow-up care, most late effects can be treated or cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/late-effects.html/4f0ec7e2-6a0d-4c67-b4e7-f6e15de2816d
NeuroblastomaLearn about neuroblastoma, a rare type of childhood cancer that develops in infants and young children.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neuroblastoma.html/bee4b21c-7e49-4a5c-ae2c-5aeafafc4187
NeutropeniaCertain cancers, or cancer treatment, can weaken the immune system, requiring a child to stay home to avoid exposure to germs. Here are ways to help your child make the best of it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neutropenia.html/e6c76bd6-23c1-4e34-98ac-1d737131d51f
OsteosarcomaOsteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. Boys are more likely to have osteosarcoma than girls, and most cases of osteosarcoma involve the knee.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-osteosarcoma.html/2a1588a0-1908-44bb-9bd8-db63c33806ce
Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/b9df7e63-811c-454a-b467-44a28efb1250
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that shows up in the body's soft tissues. With early diagnosis and timely treatment, most kids make a full recovery.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rms.html/6a0ef07e-132c-48fb-8368-3081bfc72c45
Side Effects of Chemotherapy and RadiationSide effects of cancer treatment can include flu-like symptoms, hair loss, and blood clotting problems. After treatment ends, most side effects go away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/96a6771c-22f7-4b52-ae6b-6aa9487bc738
What Is Cancer?When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/cancer.html/ef4ba8b1-102b-48e8-bce2-e71e8c578610
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-oncologyCancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806Cancer & Tumorshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/cancer/088d4c52-cd61-4cca-af46-82de410d892a