Epilepsyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Epilepsy_in_enHD_1a.jpgEpilepsy causes electrical signals in the brain to misfire, which can lead to multiple seizures. Anyone can get epilepsy at any age, but most new diagnoses are in kids.epilepsy, seizures, siezures, central nervous system, seesures, seezures, seeshures, sesures, meningitis, encephalitis, idiopathic, generalized seizures, partial seizures, brain, brains, brain problems, fits, shaking, postictal phase, ketogenic diet, ketogenic, electrical signals, vagal nerve stimulators, vagal, breakthrough seizures, neurologists, neurology,, CD1Neurosurgery, CD1Epilepsy, CD1Neurology10/09/200609/17/201909/17/2019KidsHealth Medical Experts08/05/20179d491b6d-bff4-412a-b778-5fc5f26b8c4dhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy.html/<h3>What Is Epilepsy?</h3> <p>People with epilepsy have repeated <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a>. A seizure is caused by abnormal electrical activity in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-tumors.html/">brain</a>.</p> <p>Although watching someone have a seizure can be scary, most seizures only last a few seconds to a few minutes. Many children with epilepsy will outgrow seizures.</p> <h3>What Are the Different Kinds of Epilepsy?</h3> <p>There are different kinds of epilepsy, including:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brec.html/">benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy.html/">childhood absence epilepsy</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infantile-spasms.html/">infantile spasms</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intractable-epilepsy.html/">intractable epilepsy</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy.html/">juvenile myoclonic epilepsy</a></li> <li>Landau-Kleffner syndrome</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lennox-gastaut-syndrome.html/">Lennox-Gastaut syndrome</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/temporal-lobe-epilepsy.html/">temporal lobe epilepsy</a></li> </ul> <p>The kind of epilepsy that somone has depends on the <strong>seizure type</strong>. A seizure can be:</p> <ul> <li>a <strong>primary generalized seizure</strong>, which involves both sides of the brain at once</li> <li>a <strong>focal seizure</strong>, which only involves one side, but can spread to the other side (a <strong>secondary generalized seizure</strong>)</li> </ul> <p>Often, kids with epilepsy have both generalized seizures and focal seizures.</p> <h3>What Causes Epilepsy?</h3> <p>Epilepsy can be caused by infections, genetic mutations, brain injury or a tumor, abnormal blood vessels, or bleeding in the brain.</p> <p>Kids with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/down-syndrome.html/">Down syndrome</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/">autism</a>, and some metabolic disorders also may have epilepsy. Some types of epilepsy run in families.</p> <p>More than half of epilepsy cases are idiopathic, meaning there's no clear cause, but this is changing as more genetic mutations are found.</p> <h3>How Is Epilepsy Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Epilepsy in children is diagnosed by a pediatric neurologist (a doctor who specializes in brain, spine, and nervous system problems). Testing may include:</p> <ul> <li>blood tests and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest7.html/">urine tests</a> (to look for infections or illnesses)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eeg.html/">EEG</a>, or electroencephalography (to see brain waves/electrical activity in the brain)</li> <li>VEEG, or video electroencephalography (EEG with video recording)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ct-head.html/">CAT scan</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri-brain.html/">MRI</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-mri.html/">PET/MRI</a> scans to look inside the brain</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Epilepsy Treated?</h3> <p>Epilepsy is usually treated with medicines. If medicines don't control the seizures, sometimes a special diet, such as a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ketogenic-diet.html/"><strong>ketogenic diet</strong></a>, is tried. A ketogenic (or keto) diet is a strict high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet and can sometimes reduce seizures.</p> <p>For hard to control seizures, doctors may recommend <strong>vagal nerve stimulation (VNS)</strong>, which is a device that stimulates the vagal nerve, or <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-surgery.html/">surgery</a></strong>.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>Most kids with epilepsy can lead a normal life. To help your child live better with epilepsy, be sure he or she:</p> <ul> <li>takes medicine(s) as prescribed</li> <li>avoids triggers (such as excessive stress, lack of sleep, antihistamine drugs)</li> <li>gets help for any learning or behavior problems</li> <li>sees the neurologist as recommended</li> </ul> <p>It's important to keep your child safe during a seizure. So make sure that other adults and caregivers (family members, babysitters, teachers, coaches, etc.) know <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/">what to do</a>.</p>EpilepsiaSi tiene un hijo con epilepsia, no está solo: 2.5 millones de estadounidenses padecen este trastorno.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/epilepsy-esp.html/3445a3d2-ac67-43e9-8b0a-1b58f6ab0f7a
Benign Rolandic EpilepsyKids with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC) have seizures that involve twitching, numbness, or tingling of the face or tongue.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brec.html/cacf42b8-6bd0-4265-92db-97852a24d2cd
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE)Kids with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have seizures where they "blank out" for a few seconds. Most kids will outgrow CAE.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy.html/612e939f-cd06-4a14-8904-279264e58bb8
EpilepsySeizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Learn all about epilepsy, including what to do if you see someone having a seizure.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/epilepsy.html/85df049a-dc59-41a5-b92c-421ea2d711be
Epilepsy Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about epilepsy, and what they can do to help students with the condition succeed in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-factsheet.html/83a2f877-3f5b-41d4-949f-1e24584cfabc
Epilepsy SurgeryEpilepsy surgery is an operation done on the brain to reduce or stop seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-surgery.html/62a50c44-d6c5-44e2-b4d2-697d4d8aa46c
Febrile SeizuresFebrile seizures are full-body convulsions caused by high fevers that affect young kids. Although they can be frightening, they usually stop on their own and don't cause any other health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/febrile.html/85d50f3c-9caa-4f88-9a3c-e55ab0a9b537
First Aid: SeizuresAlthough seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life-threatening.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/b5b828f7-d921-49cf-9b8a-79401d2378e9
Infantile SpasmsInfantile spasms (IS) is a seizure disorder in babies. The spasms usually go away by age 4, but many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infantile-spasms.html/690f06dd-3b84-48f3-8549-838fb4c9bdcd
Intractable EpilepsyIntractable epilepsy is when a child's seizures can't be controlled by medicines. Doctors may recommend surgery or other treatments for intractable seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intractable-epilepsy.html/b8735f52-1cd8-4dc4-9c1e-b0af479bdac5
Juvenile Myoclonic EpilepsyKids with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have one or more of several different kinds of seizures, which begin around the age of puberty.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy.html/f594267f-fabd-48e1-95b8-45e3483b107a
Ketogenic DietA ketogenic diet is a strict high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that can reduce, and sometimes stop, seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ketogenic-diet.html/fcd721e8-9e89-4044-96ae-730331fd0bc3
Lennox-Gastaut SyndromeLennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a seizure disorder. Children with LGS have several different kinds of seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lennox-gastaut-syndrome.html/f8ee7add-7856-4bc1-ab1a-33a0acd90bd3
PET/MRI ScanA PET/MRI scan is an imaging test that combines PET and MRI in one session. It creates very detailed pictures of the inside of the body. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-mri.html/bb266abc-6708-495f-8b79-8b21b1477b5e
SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/17184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44
Temporal Lobe EpilepsyKids with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have seizures that start in one of the temporal lobes of the brain. Seizures usually get better with medicine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/temporal-lobe-epilepsy.html/a45446cb-f4f8-4aa6-a259-9248db76f764
Word! SeizureYou might hear a seizure called a convulsion, fit, or spell.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-seizure.html/70e445af-ba78-41bd-94f7-293962fa407b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-neurologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-neurologyBrain & Nervous Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/brain/d6b00a11-9db0-403c-bc41-00bcdf022537