About Emergency Contraceptionenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-birthContEmergency-enHD-AR1.jpgEmergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex; for example, if a condom breaks or slips off during sex.morning after pills, contraception, birth control, abstinence, teen pregnancy, sex, stds, talking about sex, facts of life, birds and bees, the sex talk, sex education, emergency contraception, ecps, birth control pills, preventing pregnancy, morning-after pills, morning after12/18/200611/05/201811/05/2018Larissa Hirsch, MD11/05/201823322b89-23aa-4fef-afa8-08a9b64abdfchttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergency-contraception.html/<h3>What Is Emergency Contraception?</h3> <p>Emergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Often called the morning-after pill, emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are pills that can be taken up to 120 hours (5 days) after having unprotected sex. Some types of emergency contraception work best when taken within 72 hours (3 days) after intercourse.</p> <p>The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/iud.html/">IUD</a> can sometimes be used as a form of emergency contraception.</p> <h3>How Does Emergency Contraception Work?</h3> <p>Emergency contraceptive pills work by delaying ovulation (the release of an egg during the monthly cycle). If fertilization and implantation have already happened, ECPs will not interrupt the pregnancy.</p> <h3>How Well Does Emergency Contraception Work?</h3> <p>About 1 or 2 in every 100 women who use ECPs will become pregnant despite taking the pills within 72 hours after having unprotected sex.</p> <p>The &quot;morning-after&quot; name is somewhat misleading: You don't have to wait until the next morning to take ECPs. Emergency contraception is most effective when taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex.</p> <p>Emergency contraception will not prevent pregnancy if unprotected sex happens after taking the ECPs.</p> <p>Emergency contraception does not prevent all pregnancies. So a woman should see a doctor if she doesn't get her next expected period after taking ECPs.</p> <h3>Does Emergency Contraception Help Prevent STDs?</h3> <p>No. Emergency contraception does not protect against <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/">STDs</a>. Couples having sex must always use <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/condoms.html/">condoms</a> to protect against STDs even when using another <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-bc.html/">birth control method</a>.</p> <h3>Are There Any Side Effects With Emergency Contraception?</h3> <p>ECPs can cause some minor side effects for a few days, including:</p> <ul> <li>nausea</li> <li>vomiting</li> <li>breast tenderness</li> <li>headaches</li> </ul> <p>These usually are minor, and most improve within 1 to 2 days. A girl's menstrual <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-menstruation.html/">period</a> may be temporarily irregular after she takes ECPs.</p> <h3>Who Can Use Emergency Contraception?</h3> <p>Emergency contraception is an option for a couple if:</p> <ul> <li>a condom breaks or slips off</li> <li>a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaphragm.html/">diaphragm</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cervical-cap.html/">cervical cap</a> slips out of place</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bcpills.html/">birth control pills</a> are missed for 2 days in a row</li> </ul> <p>ECPs are also available to young women who are <a class="kh_anchor">forced</a> to have unprotected sex.</p> <p>Emergency contraception is not recommended:</p> <ul> <li>for females who know they are pregnant</li> <li>as a regular birth control method (it's designed for emergencies)</li> </ul> <h3>Where Is Emergency Contraception Available?</h3> <p>Some types of emergency contraceptive pills are available over the counter at drugstores and pharmacies for anyone of any age without a prescription.</p> <p>One type of emergency contraception (which works well up to 5 days after unprotected sex) is only available by prescription.</p> <p>An IUD used for emergency contraception needs to be placed by a doctor or nurse practitioner . This can be done at a doctor's office or a health clinic, like Planned Parenthood.</p> <h3>How Much Does Emergency Contraception Cost?</h3> <p>Depending on the type of pills prescribed, ECPs cost between $15–$70. Many <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/buy-health-insurance.html/">health insurance</a> plans cover the cost of emergency contraception and family planning clinics (such as <a href="https://www.plannedparenthood.org/get-care/our-services/emergency-contraceptive">Planned Parenthood</a>) charge much less.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Someone who uses emergency contraception should call the doctor if she:</p> <ul> <li>might be pregnant</li> <li>has a change in the smell or color of her vaginal discharge</li> <li>has unexplained fever or chills</li> <li>has belly or pelvic pain</li> <li>has pain during sex</li> <li>has heavy or long-lasting vaginal bleeding</li> </ul>
About Birth ControlBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Read this article to get the basics on birth control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception.html/90f91fa7-99ad-4e73-aab1-4ec8af08e95d
About Birth Control: What Parents Need to KnowTalking to your kids about sex can be a challenge. But discussing issues like birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or getting an STD.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-bc.html/77d9f9f6-cbb0-4e3f-a1e7-ac74fa35ea06
Birth Control Methods: How Well Do They Work?Some birth control methods work better than others. This chart compares how well different birth control methods work.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bc-chart.html/31584a43-ad61-44da-83a6-046a5a64825a
Birth Control PillBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Read this article to learn what birth control pills are, how well they work, and more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-birth.html/d81733d8-e6bb-4663-9d5a-99f2491b0694
CondomsCondoms may be a good birth control option for couples who are responsible enough to use one each time and people who want protection against STDs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-condom.html/601fb788-f049-40d9-b234-feb62dfbd78c
Emergency ContraceptionEmergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex; for example, if a condom breaks or slips off during sex. It is also available to teens who are forced to have unprotected sex.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-emergency.html/8660d5a6-a096-489d-8bed-1507cd97ad00
Gyn CheckupsGirls should get their first gynecological checkup between ages 13 and 15. Find out what happens during a yearly gyn visit -- and why most girls don't get internal exams.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obgyn.html/55d0d193-7166-402f-b766-14a4d4cfe970
Questions and Answers About SexAnswering kids' questions about sex is a responsibility many parents dread. But by answering these questions honestly, parents can help foster healthy feelings about sex.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/questions-sex.html/485798a6-94af-4df6-94fb-b2395202a3f8
STDsParents should learn about the most common STDs, how they spread, and how they're diagnosed and treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/1bf6f5c6-ce88-44a0-8a3d-14a1b6756c1d
STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)You've probably heard lots of discouraging news about sexually transmitted diseases. The good news is that STDs can be prevented. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std.html/587b3e0c-bd0d-4d3c-93fa-6e8b38768ac2
Sexual DevelopmentBig physical and emotional changes happen during puberty and the teen years. These articles can help you become a source of information, comfort, and support for your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-foyer.html/6d961459-9968-4bc2-bf56-c25790e065e4
Should Girls Who Aren't Sexually Active Be Vaccinated Against HPV?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hpv-shot.html/f4b9d092-4f30-4e22-85b6-998cd2238f65
The IUDBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Learn more about the IUD and to find out how well it works for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-iud.html/f941f4ee-17dc-4644-a2c0-68e35e8d3857
Your Daughter's First Gynecology VisitThe idea of going to the gynecologist may make your daughter feel nervous. Here's how to make her feel more comfortable about a well-woman visit.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/first-gyn.html/a7f6d99d-d704-4a3b-ab02-da05b9ac2643
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:clinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicineSexual Developmenthttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/sexual-health/ef5abd34-dd97-49c2-b389-e7425db2037f