E. Colienparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectColi-enHD-AR1.jpgUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection marked by severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect your family.E. coli infections, e coli, e. coli, Escherichia coli, bacteria, germs, stomach flu, stomach bug, food poisoning, contamination, diarrhea, vomiting, puking, bloody diarrhea, the runs, runny poop, stomach pains, cramps, stomach cramps, contaminated food, infected food, food poison, bacterium, bacterias, bacterial, infections, food safety, E. Coli O157:H7, O157:H7, E. Coli O104:H4, O104:H4, produce, vegetables, food safety, cutting boards, unpasteurized, nonpasteurized, meat, cooking meat, uncooked, raw, contaminated water, dirty water, organisms, toxin, toxins, toxic, hemolytic uremic syndrome, hus, HUS, kidney failure, dialysis, stool tests, stool samples, blood tests07/26/201104/21/201709/02/2019Steven Dowshen, MD04/01/2017692f0c95-0266-4bb3-84a0-893a95a68e5fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ecoli.html/<h3>What Are <em>E. Coli</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>E. coli</em> is a type of bacteria that normally lives in the intestines, where it helps the body break down and digest the food we eat. But certain types (or strains) of <em>E. coli</em> are infectious and spread through contaminated food or water, or from other infected people or animals.</p> <p>Infections due to <em>E. coli</em> (<em>Escherichia coli</em>) bacteria can cause severe, bloody <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a>. Some cases can lead to serious health problems. Fortunately, most healthy people who get an infection don't develop serious problems and recover on their own without treatment.</p> <h3>How Do <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Happen?</h3> <p>Most often, <em>E. coli</em> spreads when someone eats food that contains the bacteria. At-risk foods include:</p> <ul> <li>undercooked ground beef (such as in hamburgers)</li> <li>produce grown in animal manure (of cows, sheep, goat, or deer) or washed in contaminated water</li> <li>unpasteurized dairy or juice products</li> </ul> <p>The bacteria also can spread from person to person on unwashed hands and surfaces, by swimming in contaminated water, and from touching animals at <a class="kh_anchor">farms</a> or petting zoos.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs of an <em>E. Coli</em> Infection?</h3> <p>Some types of <em>E. coli</em> bacteria make a toxin (a poisonous substance) that can damage the lining of the small intestine. This can lead to bad stomach cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea (often with blood in it). When that happens, people can get <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydrated</a>.</p> <p>Symptoms usually start 3&ndash;4 days after a person has come into contact with the bacteria and end within about a week.</p> <h3>Are <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Contagious?</h3> <p>An <em>E. coli</em> infection is contagious for at least as long as the person has diarrhea, and sometimes longer.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>Most people recover completely from an <em>E. coli</em> infection. But some can develop a serious kidney and blood problem called <strong>hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)</strong>.</p> <p>Signs of HUS include:</p> <ul> <li>decreased urination (peeing)</li> <li>a pale or swollen appearance</li> <li>unexplained bruises</li> <li>bleeding from the nose or gums</li> <li>extreme tiredness</li> <li>seizures</li> </ul> <p>HUS can be life-threatening and needs to be treated in a hospital.</p> <h3>How Are <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Treated?</h3> <p>A doctor might take a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/">stool sample</a> to look for <em>E. coli</em> bacteria. Blood tests may be used to check for possible complications.</p> <p>Antibiotics aren't helpful and, in fact, can be harmful. Likewise, anti-diarrheal medicines can increase the risk of complications and should not be used.</p> <p>Kids with an <em>E. coli</em> infection should rest as much as possible and drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. Those who become dehydrated might need to be hospitalized to get IV fluids, and those with HUS may need dialysis for kidney failure and/or <a class="kh_anchor">blood transfusions</a>.</p> <p>While recovering from an infection, kids can return to their normal activities after two stool cultures are free of the bacteria. Don't let&nbsp;kids use swimming pools or water slides until 2 weeks after all symptoms have gone away.</p> <h3>Can <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p><em>E. coli</em> outbreaks have been tied to a wide variety of foods, such as fresh spinach, hamburgers, ground beef, bologna, hazelnuts, packaged cheeses, shredded lettuce, and prepackaged cookie dough.</p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/">Safe food preparation</a> can go a long way toward protecting your family from <em>E. coli</em> infections:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Cook meat well until it reaches a temperature of at least 160&deg;F/70&deg;C at its thickest point.</li> <li>Thoroughly clean anything that comes into contact with raw meat.</li> <li>Choose pasteurized juices and dairy products.</li> <li>Clean raw <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safe-veggies.html/">produce</a> well before eating.</li> </ul> <p>Teach your kids the importance of regular, thorough <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">hand washing</a>, especially after going to the bathroom, touching animals, or playing outside, and before eating or preparing food. They should avoid swallowing water while swimming.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor if your child has any symptoms of an <em>E. coli</em> infection, especially stomach pain or lasting, severe, or bloody diarrhea.</p> <p>Call immediately if your child shows signs of dehydration, such as peeing less than normal, or of hemolytic uremic syndrome, especially if your child had a recent gastrointestinal illness.</p>E. coliLas infecciones debido a la bacteria Escherichia coli pueden provocar diarrea grave con sangre.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/ecoli-esp.html/12b444aa-625d-45d9-9c2f-41fb17fa47b2
Being Safe in the KitchenCooking and baking are lots of fun - as long as you stay safe. Read this article for safety tips before you head into the kitchen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/safe-in-kitchen.html/b6d4b44b-a395-42ab-8fa7-2d403a7fd4bb
Campylobacter InfectionsThese bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/campylobacter.html/1b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201
DiarrheaMost kids battle diarrhea from time to time, so it's important to know what to do to relieve and even prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/38efbf41-ac94-4d02-be5d-365f9b03cc12
E. ColiUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12
Food PoisoningSometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/3574049c-833d-4fb5-b597-6a9d1c4aae09
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
GiardiasisGiardiasis, one of the chief causes of diarrhea in the United States, is an intestinal illness caused by a microscopic parasite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/giardiasis.html/f1cd6920-2964-4bd2-815f-d3b2a1ee3018
Produce PrecautionsKids need daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Here's how to make sure the produce you buy and prepare is safe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safe-veggies.html/178370f4-5486-499e-a6a5-c13f9ad98fa2
Salmonella InfectionsSalmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria salmonella. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/salmonellosis.html/fdb3d696-ad27-427b-84fc-8039b5218074
SalmonellosisPeople often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/salmonellosis.html/4c9aa097-9055-452f-a15a-b78978d2a675
Stool Test: Bacteria CultureA stool culture helps doctors determine if there's a bacterial infection in the intestines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/219b0003-f766-4465-88ea-71463f490add
Word! DiarrheaIf you've ever had a bad time in the bathroom, then you know what this is.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-diarrhea.html/fe10c223-c3cd-48db-a66d-f00d12890973
YersiniosisYersiniosis is an uncommon infection caused by the consumption of undercooked meat products, unpasteurized milk, or water contaminated by the bacteria.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/yersinia.html/f4d55002-6955-42e6-9733-a1432a613915
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61