Echocardiogramenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Echocardiogram_enHD_1.jpgAn echocardiogram (also called an echo or cardiac ultrasound) uses sound waves to create pictures of the heart. It shows the structure of the heart and its parts and how well they’re working.echocardiogram, echo, cardio, cardiac echo, cardiac ultrasound, heart test, heart ultrasound, fetal echo, transducer02/19/201803/09/201809/02/2019Larissa Hirsch, MD02/09/20180f69bff6-a62b-42d0-85b4-152bf16c73e3https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/echo.html/<h3>What Is an Echocardiogram?</h3> <p>An echocardiogram (also called an <strong>echo</strong> or <strong>cardiac ultrasound</strong>) uses sound waves to create pictures of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a>. This painless ultrasound test shows the structure of the heart and its parts and how well they're working.</p> <h3>Why Is an Echocardiogram Done?</h3> <p>Doctors may order an echocardiogram to look for any problems with the heart's walls and valves, the blood vessels leading to and from the heart, and the heart's pumping strength.</p> <h3>How Should We Prepare for an Echocardiogram?</h3> <p>Your child should be able to eat and drink normally beforehand. Do not put any lotions, creams, or powders on your child's chest on the day of the echocardiogram.</p> <p>Your child should wear a shirt that can be easily taken off for the test. Older children will be given a gown. You also can bring along a toy, book, or video as a distraction.</p> <h3>What Happens During an Echocardiogram?</h3> <p>An echocardiogram is done in a darkened room, with your child lying down. Small metal stickers (<strong>electrodes</strong>) are placed on the chest. These measure the rhythm of the heart beating. Gel put on the chest helps sounds waves travel from the echocardiogram wand (the <strong>transducer</strong>) to the heart and back again. The person doing the test will move the wand around to get pictures of the heart from different angles.&nbsp;</p> <p>Your child will feel some pressure from the wand, but an echocardiogram is not painful.</p> <h3>Can I Stay With My Child During an Echocardiogram?</h3> <p>Parents can stay with their child during an echocardiogram. Help your child stay calm by reading books or watching a video.</p> <h3>How Long Does an Echocardiogram Take?</h3> <p>It usually takes 30 to 60 minutes to get the pictures needed. If your child is calm and lying still, it can help the test go quicker. The gel and stickers are removed when the test is over.</p> <h3>When Are the Results Ready?</h3> <p>The doctor will review the echocardiogram and give you the results within 1 to 2 days.</p> <h3>Are There Any Risks From an Echocardiogram?</h3> <p>An echocardiogram is a safe procedure without any risks.</p>EcocardiogramaLos médicos pueden pedir un ecocardiograma para detectar cualquier problema en los tabiques y en las válvulas del corazón, los vasos sanguíneos que desembocan en el corazón y que salen de él y en la fuerza con que bombea sangre este órgano.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/echo-esp.html/61d3a7fb-5e45-4fc5-bb73-ea50c97652e2
Aortic StenosisAortic stenosis means the aortic valve is too small, narrow, or stiff. Many people have no symptoms, but kids with more severe cases will need surgery so that blood flows properly through the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aortic-stenosis.html/19c85e9f-28df-4c0d-afe9-0e3756155484
Atrial Septal DefectAtrial septal defect, or ASD, is a heart defect that some people are born with. Most ASDs are diagnosed and treated successfully with few or no complications.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asd.html/109626e5-a3cb-4cba-a44d-947c86de3a81
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)Atrial septal defect (ASD) — also known as a "hole in the heart" — is a type of congenital heart defect. Most ASDs are diagnosed and treated successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asd.html/2853e7be-1368-420f-bc8d-134350949604
Cardiac CatheterizationThis minimally invasive procedure helps doctors perform diagnostic tests on the heart and even treat some heart conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cardiac-catheter.html/e17d1f5d-ba99-46a6-865b-c426321a7d47
Coarctation of the AortaWhen someone has coarctation of the aorta, that person's aorta (the major blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body) is narrowed at some point.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/coa.html/85306f7f-1430-420d-9c1b-d7128470a85e
Double Outlet Right Ventricle (DORV)Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a heart defect where the aorta connects to the heart in the wrong place.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dorv.html/3036f44c-409f-46fb-8d40-27f303f063b3
Ebstein AnomalyEbstein anomaly is a rare heart defect that affects the tricuspid valve. It can cause problems that range from very mild to very serious.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ebstein-anomaly.html/a783cf1a-8445-4909-a91b-8cd9f04e1683
EchocardiogramAn echocardiogram (also called an echo or cardiac ultrasound) uses sound waves to create pictures of the heart. See why doctors might order this test for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/echocardiogram.html/fbcebc01-80af-42c8-a4ae-665208e4849b
Fetal EchocardiogramA fetal echocardiogram (also called a fetal echo) uses sound waves to create pictures of an unborn baby's heart.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fetal-echocardiogram.html/d2f8cb2e-8f36-4af3-999b-1b637970db02
Heart MurmursHeart murmurs are very common, and most are no cause for concern and won't affect a child's health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/murmurs.html/9e6ab8dd-2a20-40ab-8625-3e956311e737
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system are our body's lifeline, delivering blood to the body's tissues. Brush up on your ticker with this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/52398b6a-54a6-4272-a569-42ed5b12aeac
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a birth defect of a baby’s heart. The left side of the heart doesn’t grow as it should, making it smaller and weaker than normal. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypoplastic-heart.html/3f36bb72-0bef-42bc-b6de-c0fddf263c16
Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA)An interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a rare heart condition in which the aorta doesn’t form completely. Surgery must be done within the first few days of a baby’s life to close the gap in the aorta. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aortic-arch.html/d892fcbc-6205-4d08-83cb-903e58b78f39
Mitral Valve ProlapseMitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a very common heart condition, but it isn't a critical heart problem or a sign of other serious medical conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mvp.html/f0bfc3ea-10ec-4ec2-99d1-2ae174c2c999
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel that connects two major arteries before birth and normally closes after a baby is born. If it stays open, the result is a condition called patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/patent-ductus-arteriosus.html/1220a363-ed10-4541-94c6-ecb923902cd8
Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO)The foramen ovale is a normal opening between the upper two chambers of an unborn baby’s heart. It usually closes soon after the baby’s birth — when it doesn't, it's called a patent foramen ovale. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pfo.html/27e4037d-e150-4b0f-a5b9-07375901eff3
Pulmonary StenosisPulmonary stenosis means the pulmonary valve is too small, narrow, or stiff. Many people have no symptoms, but kids with more severe cases will need surgery so that blood flows properly through the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pulmonary-stenosis.html/17fd7fca-f801-4bae-a865-f8bfa1f73685
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a combination of problems caused by a birth defect that changes the way blood flows through the heart.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tetralogy-of-fallot.html/c6d7839a-671c-43c0-8640-d2bc42753eee
Tricuspid AtresiaTricuspid atresia is a congenital heart defect. A baby born with tricuspid atresia often has serious symptoms soon after birth because blood flow to the lungs is much less than normal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tricuspid-atresia.html/ac5a0383-98fb-469d-a867-1e8af8af6528
Truncus ArteriosusTruncus arteriosus is a heart defect that happens when a child is born with one large artery instead of two separate arteries.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/truncus-arteriosus.html/68c1aded-3ca9-4a04-bdf2-8222cafdd0e8
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)Ventricular septal defect (VSD) — also known as a "hole in the heart" — is a congenital heart defect. Most VSDs are diagnosed and treated successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vsd.html/21135699-6b44-43bd-96b1-618186631849
Words to Know (Heart Glossary)A guide to medical terms about the heart and circulatory system. In an easy A-Z format, find definitions on heart defects, heart conditions, treatments, and more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart-glossary.html/ba52d6b8-f516-479b-b2de-ad634d6053da
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-cardiologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-cardiologyHeart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8bMedical Tests & Examshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medical/b5327501-2bda-444b-8df1-a1af15af79cb