Preventing Dog Bitesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-dogBites-enHD-AR1.jpgTeaching kids a few basic dog manners will help them enjoy safe encounters with Fido.dogs, dog bites, animal safety, pets, safe pets, dog safety, animal bites, rabies, safety, bites, cats, dog breeds, getting a dog, humane, spca, pit bulls, dogs that bite, sage dog breeds, vets, veterinarians, animals10/10/200611/19/201911/19/2019Kate M. Cronan, MD11/18/20191edfbfac-40ff-48f2-bbcc-6572edfb3383https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dog-bites.html/<p>Most kids don't think a cuddly dog would ever hurt them. But about 4.7 million <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/animal-bites-sheet.html/">dog bites</a> happen every year in the United States. Of kids bitten, more than half are under age 14. Dog bites can be much more than an innocent little nip, and some need care in the hospital or even surgery.</p> <h3>How Can We Manage Other People's Dogs?</h3> <p>Any breed of dog might bite. Just because a dog is small or seems friendly doesn't mean it can't do some damage. Even the nicest, best-trained family dog may snap if it's startled, scared, threatened, angry, or hungry.</p> <p>No matter how well you think you know the dog, always supervise your kids around someone else's pet. To reduce the risk of bites, teach kids these safety guidelines:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Always ask the owner if it's OK to pet the dog.</li> <li>Let the dog see and sniff you before petting it.</li> <li>Do not run toward or away from a dog.</li> <li>If an unfamiliar dog approaches you, stay calm, don't look it directly in the eye, and stand still or back up slowly.</li> <li>If a dog tries to bite you, put anything you can between you and the dog. If knocked over by a dog, roll into a ball, cover your face, and lie still.&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>Make sure that your kids understand some "nevers" about being around dogs:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Never squeeze dogs too tight, drop them, fall on them, or jump on them.</li> <li>Never tease dogs or pull their tails or ears.</li> <li>Never bother dogs while they're eating, sleeping, or taking care of their puppies.</li> <li>Never take a toy or bone away from a dog or play tug of war with a dog.</li> <li>Never feed a dog a treat with your fingers. Put the treat in your palm with your fingers and thumb held close together.</li> <li>Never crowd a dog or back it into a corner.</li> </ul> <h3>What Should Dog Owners Do?</h3> <p>Before getting a dog, talk to a professional (such as a veterinarian or respected breeder or pet shelter) about what type of dog or breed is best for your household. Ask questions about the dog's temperament and health. A dog with a history of aggression is not a suitable pet for a household with kids.</p> <p>If your family has a dog, make sure it gets all required immunizations and regular vet checkups. Also, have it spayed or neutered. Consider taking your dog to obedience school to make it more social and obedient, and thus less likely to bite someone.</p> <p>When you take your dog out in public, always keep it on a leash so you can be in control if its behavior gets out of hand. If you have kids, closely supervise them when they're around the dog and never leave an infant or toddler alone with your pet.</p> <h3>What If a Dog Bites Our Child?</h3> <p>If a dog bites your child, contact your doctor, especially if the dog is not yours. Some dog bites need to be treated in an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergency-room.html/">emergency department</a>. Some dog bites can seem minor on the surface but can cause deeper injuries to muscle, bone, and nerves.</p> <p>While rare, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rabies.html/">rabies</a> and other kinds of infections from dogs like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">bacterial</a> infections can happen and should be treated right away. Your doctor will let you know if your child needs antibiotics to prevent a dog bite from becoming infected. Not all cuts (lacerations) due to dog bites are closed with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stitches.html/">stitches</a>. Sometimes, closing a wound can increase the risk of infection.</p> <p>To help the doctor know the infection risk and what treatment your child might need, try to have this information ready:</p> <ul> <li>the name and location of the dog's owners</li> <li>if the dog is up to date on its vaccinations</li> <li>whether the attack was provoked or unprovoked. A provoked attack, for example, includes approaching a dog while it's eating or or taking care of its puppies. Knowing the attack was unprovoked lets the doctor know that the dog could be sick, which might affect treatment decisions.</li> <li>your child's immunization status and medical history</li> </ul>Cómo prevenir las mordeduras de perroA la mayoría de los niños, no se les ocurre pensar que un tierno perrito les podría hacer daño. Pero, cada año ocurren 4,7 millones de mordeduras de perro en Estados Unidos.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/dog-bites-esp.html/e709bc4e-399c-4740-a4b8-042cb1e8ec92
Bites and ScratchesAnimal bites and scratches, even minor ones, can become infected and spread bacteria to other parts of the body, regardless of whether the animal is a family pet or a wild animal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bites.html/4e8ac3d1-8055-40c3-8a28-6e240da58db1
Cat Scratch DiseaseCat scratch disease is an infection that causes swelling of the lymph nodes after a cat scratch or bite. Learn about signs and symptoms, prevention, treatment, and more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cat-scratch.html/221b1239-1e24-4fe5-be04-8247c6d1d5b5
Dogs and Preventing Dog BitesAre you a little afraid of dogs? Some kids are, so find out how you can make friends with dogs and avoid dog bites.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/dogs.html/2e749d37-be49-4387-ae4e-9e09560542d2
First Aid: Animal BitesAnimal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/animal-bites-sheet.html/f4578512-854e-410b-90b8-52926a8846ea
Infections That Pets CarryKids can benefit from the companionship, affection, and relationships they share with pets. But it's important to know how to protect your family from infections carried by pets and other animals.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-infections.html/61a65ff3-292c-442e-86ed-364290e0442f
RabiesRabies is a serious infection of the nervous system that is caused by a virus. Rabies is usually transmitted by a bite from an infected animal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rabies.html/efa96dca-2962-4ba2-9b04-dd785646f81f
Staying Safe Around AnimalsDo you love animals? Lots of kids do. Find out how to stay safe around them in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/animals.html/56a74c36-796e-42a5-ab07-e63a6e651280
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsOutdoor Safetyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-safe/outdoor/d920ac5a-dabb-473c-9df7-ce1b97a9b043Fun in the Sunhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/summerspotlight/seashore/df67e624-22e8-4dcd-b787-45cd44abc2b1Safety at Homehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-safe/home/465d0456-9cfc-47e2-b4ff-b93dd23aa7b3Parks & Campinghttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/summerspotlight/parks/0124b6a2-43e4-4aa0-bb02-2c3369a06930