About the Diaphragmenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-birthContDiaphragm-enHD-AR1.jpgA diaphragm may be a birth control good option for young women who can take responsibility in advance. Find out more.birth control diaphragm, diaphragm, diaphram, diafram, dyaphram, sex, birth control, birth control caps, abstinence, teen pregnancy, stds, talking about sex, facts of life, birds and bees, the sex talk, sex education, rhythm method, ovulation, contraception, birth control, abstinence, teen pregnancy, sex, stds, talking about sex, facts of life, birds and bees, the sex talk, sex education, fertility awareness, fertility, rythm method, rithum method, pulling out, birth control methods, safe sex, abstinence, ovulating, periods, menstrual cycle, ovulation kits, natural family planning, periodic abstinence, preventing pregnancy, pregnancy, teen pregnancy, talking to kids about sex, ovulation detection kits, ovulation thermometers, condoms, sexual development, puberty, teens, teen years12/18/200610/19/201810/19/2018Larissa Hirsch, MD05/30/20187fd9c7f1-486d-4a2c-9724-7e91aeb30f0ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaphragm.html/<h3>What Is a Diaphragm?<img class="right" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/sidebars/P-birthContDiagphragm-enSB.gif" alt="Birth Control, diaphragm" /></h3> <p>A diaphragm is a dome-shaped bowl made of thin, flexible silicone that sits over the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/female-reproductive-system.html/">cervix</a>, the part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. It covers the cervix so sperm can't get in and fertilize an egg.</p> <h3>How Does a Diaphragm Work?</h3> <p>A diaphragm keeps sperm from entering the uterus by covering the cervix. For added protection, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spermicide.html/">spermicide</a> is put into the bowl of the diaphragm and along its edges before it's inserted. The diaphragm is placed high into the vagina so it covers the cervix.</p> <p>The diaphragm can be put in up to 2 hours before having sex, and must be left in place at least 6 hours after sex. The diaphragm should not stay in longer than 24 hours. More spermicide must be used each time a young woman has sex while wearing the diaphragm.&nbsp;</p> <h3>How Well Does a Diaphragm Work?</h3> <p>Over the course of a year, 12 out of 100 typical couples who use the diaphragm with spermicide will have an accidental pregnancy.&nbsp;</p> <p>How well the diaphragm works depends on:</p> <ul> <li>how well it fits</li> <li>whether a couple uses it every time they have sex</li> <li>whether spermicide is used appropriately</li> </ul> <p>A diaphragm also needs to be cared for. After each use, it must be washed (with mild soap and water), rinsed, and air dried, then stored in its case. Baby powder and oil-based lubricants (such as mineral oil, petroleum jelly, or baby oil) should not be put on the diaphragm. Other vaginal creams, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/yeast-infection.html/">yeast infection</a> medicines, also can damage the diaphragm.</p> <p>A diaphragm should be replaced at least every 2 years. It should be checked regularly for holes or weak spots, and replaced as needed.</p> <h3>Does a Diaphragm Help Prevent STDs?</h3> <p>No. The diaphragm does not protect against <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/">STDs</a>. Couples having sex must always use <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/condoms.html/">condoms</a> along with the diaphragm to protect against STDs.</p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/abstinence.html/">Abstinence</a> (not having sex) is the only method that always prevents pregnancy and STDs.</p> <h3>Are There Any Problems With a Diaphragm?</h3> <p>Most young women who use a diaphragm have no problems with it. But possible side effects include:</p> <ul> <li>from the spermicide, irritation of the vagina and surrounding skin or an allergic reaction</li> <li>strong odors or vaginal discharge if the diaphragm is left in too long</li> <li>an allergic raction to the material in the diaphragm (this is rare)</li> <li>a higher risk for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/urinary.html/">urinary tract infections (UTIs)</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toxic-shock.html/">toxic shock syndrome</a>&nbsp;if the diaphragm is left in too long (this is rare)</li> </ul> <h3>Who Is a Diaphragm Right for?</h3> <p>A diaphragm may be a good option for a young woman who can take responsibility for protection before having sex. With a diaphragm, she must always have a supply of spermicide.</p> <p>The diaphragm isn't a good choice for anyone who is uncomfortable or uneasy with the thought of reaching into her vagina. And it may not be right for those with some medical conditions, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/recurrent-uti-infections.html/">frequent urinary tract infections</a>. The diaphragm should not be used when a young woman has her period.</p> <h3>Where Are Diaphragms Available?</h3> <p>A doctor or nurse practitioner must fit a girl for a diaphragm. During a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/first-gyn.html/">pelvic exam</a>, the doctor or NP will find the right size diaphragm&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em;">and teach her how to insert and remove it. A diaphragm that's inserted incorrectly or doesn't fit well can lead to pregnancy.</span></p> <p>During an annual exam, the doctor or nurse will make sure the diaphragm still fits correctly. It may not fit if a girl has gained or lost weight, had a baby, had an abortion, or was fitted when she was a virgin and she is now having sex. A woman who has had any of these changes should have her doctor check the fit of the diaphragm right away rather than wait until her annual exam.</p> <h3>How Much Does a Diaphragm Cost?</h3> <p>Costs can range from $0 to about $250 for the diaphragm and the office visit. Many <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/buy-health-insurance.html/">health insurance</a> plans cover the costs, and family planning clinics (such as Planned Parenthood) may charge less. Also, the cost of spermicide is about $0.50 to $1.50 per use.</p> <p>A diaphragm should be replaced every 2 years.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>A woman using a diaphragm should call the doctor if she:</p> <ul> <li>might be pregnant</li> <li>has a change in the smell or color of vaginal discharge</li> <li>has signs of a UTI, such as burning with peeing or feeling the need to pee often</li> <li>has unexplained fever or chills</li> <li>has belly or pelvic pain</li> <li>has pain during sex</li> <li>has signs of toxic shock syndrome, such as a sunburn-like rash, achiness, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or dizziness</li> </ul>Acerca del diafragmaEl diafragma es un capuchón hecho de silicona muy fina y flexible que se coloca en el cérvix o cuello uterino, la parte del útero que conecta con la vagina. Cubre el cuello uterino para que los espermatozoides no puedan entrar en el útero y fecundar un óvulohttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/diaphragm-esp.html/b404f331-e46f-4f4b-9c5b-1feaf61b42d3
About Birth ControlBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Read this article to get the basics on birth control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception.html/90f91fa7-99ad-4e73-aab1-4ec8af08e95d
About Birth Control: What Parents Need to KnowTalking to your kids about sex can be a challenge. But discussing issues like birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or getting an STD.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-bc.html/77d9f9f6-cbb0-4e3f-a1e7-ac74fa35ea06
About CondomsCondoms are thin pouches that keep sperm from getting into the vagina. There are male condoms and female condoms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/condoms.html/f5e9ee4f-dd30-4e82-b23e-b079212049cb
About SpermicideSpermicides can be used alone but are more effective when used with another method of birth control, such as a condom or diaphragm.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spermicide.html/3e4d26cc-481f-4424-924a-36f8ea5983b2
Birth Control Methods: How Well Do They Work?Some birth control methods work better than others. This chart compares how well different birth control methods work.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bc-chart.html/31584a43-ad61-44da-83a6-046a5a64825a
Questions and Answers About SexAnswering kids' questions about sex is a responsibility many parents dread. But by answering these questions honestly, parents can help foster healthy feelings about sex.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/questions-sex.html/485798a6-94af-4df6-94fb-b2395202a3f8
STDsParents should learn about the most common STDs, how they spread, and how they're diagnosed and treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/1bf6f5c6-ce88-44a0-8a3d-14a1b6756c1d
STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)You've probably heard lots of discouraging news about sexually transmitted diseases. The good news is that STDs can be prevented. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std.html/587b3e0c-bd0d-4d3c-93fa-6e8b38768ac2
Sexual DevelopmentBig physical and emotional changes happen during puberty and the teen years. These articles can help you become a source of information, comfort, and support for your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-foyer.html/6d961459-9968-4bc2-bf56-c25790e065e4
Should Girls Who Aren't Sexually Active Be Vaccinated Against HPV?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hpv-shot.html/f4b9d092-4f30-4e22-85b6-998cd2238f65
SpermicideSpermicides can be used alone but are more effective when used with another method of birth control, such as a condom or diaphragm.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-spermicide.html/52396e87-674c-43c9-b610-b1ea5548c5d2
The Cervical CapBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Read this article about the cervical cap to find out if it's right for you and how well it works.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-cap.html/a46b67bb-68d0-42ea-9ebc-e89c7788219f
The DiaphragmBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. A diaphragm may be a birth control good option for a young woman who can take responsibility in advance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-diaphragm.html/3a39e4f5-88e1-461d-b158-feb5d294e8d2
Toxic Shock SyndromeToxic shock syndrome is a serious but uncommon bacterial infection. TSS is a medical emergency - symptoms include sudden high fever, a faint feeling, diarrhea, headache, and muscle aches.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toxic-shock.html/b03be988-ac45-4ea7-b481-ab593ef85d02
Your Daughter's First Gynecology VisitThe idea of going to the gynecologist may make your daughter feel nervous. Here's how to make her feel more comfortable about a well-woman visit.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/first-gyn.html/a7f6d99d-d704-4a3b-ab02-da05b9ac2643
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicineSexual Developmenthttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/sexual-health/ef5abd34-dd97-49c2-b389-e7425db2037fhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/sidebars/P-birthContDiagphragm-enSB.gif