Cradle Cap (Seborrheic Dermatitis) in Infantsenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-cradleCap-enHD-AR1.jpgThis harmless condition - the infant form of dandruff - causes rough, scaly patches on a baby's skin.cradle cap, infantile seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff, flakes, dry skin, scales, baby head, baby face, flake, flaky skin, newborn, infant, seborrheic, scaly patches, placks, plax, plaques, placques, seborrhea, seborrea, seborhea, seborea, seburea, seboria, dermutitis, eczema, egzema, excema, ezema, malassezia, sebum, oil glands, rash, red rash, skin rash, itchy rash, rash on head, salicylic acid, coal tar, zinc, selenium, ketoconazole, head and shoulders, shampoo, medicated shampoo, hydrocortisone08/09/201102/13/201909/02/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD02/11/20196d174d1c-6cad-4888-852f-b18b06ce6afehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cradle-cap.html/<h3>What Is Cradle Cap?</h3> <p>Cradle cap is the common term for <strong>seborrheic dermatitis</strong> (seb-eh-REE-ik dur-muh-TYE-tis) of the scalp in infants.</p> <p>Seborrheic dermatitis, also called seborrhea (seb-eh-REE-uh), can show up:</p> <ul> <li>on the forehead and face</li> <li>behind the ears</li> <li>in the diaper area, armpits, and other skin folds and creases</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Cradle Cap (Seborrheic Dermatitis)?</h3> <p>Babies can develop seborrheic dermatitis when they're between 2 weeks and 12 months old. It usually starts with cradle cap. A baby with cradle cap will have slightly red scaly or crusty yellow patches on the scalp. It may also start on the face or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diapering.html/">diaper area</a> and spread to other parts of the body.</p> <p>Seborrhea looks:</p> <ul> <li>red and moist in skin creases and folds (like the neck and behind the ears)</li> <li>yellowish with greasy patches or crusts</li> <li>scaly or flaky</li> </ul> <p>Seborrheic dermatitis might look uncomfortable or irritating to the skin. But it usually isn't itchy and doesn't seem to bother infants.<img class="right" title="Where babies can get seborrheic dermatitis" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/sebDerm-415x233-rd4-enIL.png" alt="Where babies can get seborrheic dermatitis" /></p> <h3>What Causes Cradle Cap (Seborrheic Dermatitis)?</h3> <p>The exact cause of cradle cap isn't known. It's likely due to a combination of things. Too much skin oil (sebum) in the oil glands and hair follicles and a type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">yeast</a> found on the skin called <em>Malassezia</em> may play roles in the development of seborrheic dermatitis.</p> <h3>How Is Cradle Cap (Seborrheic Dermatitis) Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Health care professionals can diagnose cradle cap and seborrheic dermatitis by the way the skin looks and where the rash is. Babies with seborrheic dermatitis are usually well and the condition should get better on its own or with treatment.</p> <h3>How Is Cradle Cap (Seborrheic Dermatitis) Treated?</h3> <p>Cradle cap and seborrheic dermatitis in infants usually clears up on its own in weeks or months. In the meantime, you may want to loosen and remove the scales on your baby's scalp:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Wash your baby's hair once a day with mild, tear-free baby shampoo.</li> <li>Gently remove scales with a soft brush or toothbrush.</li> <li>If the scales don't loosen easily, apply a small amount of mineral oil or petroleum jelly to your baby's scalp. Let the oil to soak into the scales for a few minutes to several hours, if needed. Then use a soft brush or toothbrush to remove scales. Shampoo your baby's hair as usual.</li> </ul> <p>If regular shampooing doesn't help, your doctor may recommend a mild steroid cream or antifungal shampoo.</p> <p>For seborrhea on other parts of the body, your doctor may recommend a mild steroid or antifungal cream.</p> <p>Do not use over-the-counter steroid or antifungal creams or anti-seborrhea shampoos without checking first with the doctor.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Sometimes seborrheic dermatitis in the diaper area or skin folds can get infected. Talk to your doctor if the rash gets worse or there are any signs of infection (the skin looks red, starts to drain fluid, or feels warm).</p> <p>Cradle cap and seborrheic dermatitis in infants usually get better by 12 months of age. Seborrhea may come back around puberty as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dandruff.html/">dandruff</a>.</p>Costra láctea (dermatitis seborreica) en los bebésLos profesionales de la salud pueden diagnosticar la costra láctea y la dermatitis seborreica observando el aspecto de la piel del bebé y el lugar donde aparece la erupción. Los bebés con dermatitis seborreica suelen encontrarse bien, y esta afección suele mejorar por sí sola o con tratamiento. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/cradle-cap-esp.html/cdce16a2-ff83-44a3-91b7-c613253644d2
A Guide for First-Time ParentsIf you're a first-time parent, put your fears aside and get the basics in this guide about burping, bathing, bonding, and other baby-care concerns.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/guide-parents.html/186709b2-0cb2-41a0-b9be-86c9ca129a57
DandruffGot flakes? Most cases of dandruff don't require a visit to a doctor's office. Treat them at home with special, over-the-counter dandruff shampoos.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dandruff.html/69c7fe95-f222-43a8-bd0e-a85c6d309ade
Diaper RashDiaper rash is a very common infection that can cause a baby's skin to become sore, red, scaly, and tender. In most cases, it clears up with simple changes in diapering.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaper-rash.html/4e56cce8-b9cd-4679-8625-8504e7ada219
Diapering Your BabyBabies may use up to 10 diapers a day! Get the basics on how to diaper like a pro.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diapering.html/526bde6d-24bf-4197-a32a-5ab4ff1c0420
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)Eczema can be an itchy nuisance and cause scratching that makes the problem worse. Many kids who have eczema today will be over it by the time they're teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eczema-atopic-dermatitis.html/085769a4-1f01-4f26-9de9-24cb82c71c30
Looking at Your Newborn: What's NormalWhen you first meet your newborn, you may be surprised by what you see. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-variations.html/b4629b06-91b5-41c6-8dfd-f8d494164574
Skin, Hair, and NailsOur skin protects the network of tissues, muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and everything else inside our bodies. Hair and nails are actually modified types of skin.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/ff7f1929-9dfc-404b-91a9-b45e51633223
kh:age-babyZeroToOnekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsNewborn Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-care/92cfa6ea-2e13-47d8-a2c6-6678383a3c14Newborn Health Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-health-conditions/85832563-037d-4bcf-b68e-8877d94e4fd5Skin Infections & Rasheshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/skin/5aeb606d-89ae-4a7c-b37c-880aee453419https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/sebDerm-415x233-rd4-enIL.png