Coronavirus (COVID-19): How to Protect Babies and Toddlersenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_05_2.jpgChildren must be over age 2 to wear a face covering or mask. So parents might wonder how they can help protect their babies and toddlers from coronavirus (COVID-19).2019-nCoV, coronavirus, COVID-19, coronavirus disease 2019, novel, Wuhan, corona, babies, toddlers, face masks, face coverings, 2019 novel coronavirus, cold symptoms, flu symptoms, China, CDC, WHO, Chinese virus, SARS, MERS, respiratory symptoms, dry cough, difficulty breathing, breathing trouble, fever, 2019-nCoV infection,infections, infectious, outbreaks, epidemics, pneumonia, child, children, kids, short of breath, incubation period, contagious, pediatric, pediatrician, handwashing, hand washing, 2019 Novel Coronavirus, respiratory droplets, coronavirus pet, coronavirus dog, coronavirus cat, coronavirus in usa, coronavirus update, pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome, PMIS05/13/202008/12/202008/12/2020Mark T. Ogino, MD and Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD08/12/2020730f67d8-47d1-4752-900f-8f57dadcc3d0https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-young-kids.html/<p>As the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus.html/">coronavirus (COVID-19)</a> pandemic continues, we've learned more about the virus and how to protect ourselves from it. Key steps include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-social-distancing.html/">social distancing</a>&nbsp;(also called physical distancing)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">washing hands</a> well and often</li> <li>for adults and kids over age 2, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-masks.html/">wearing a mask or face covering</a> when out in public</li> </ul> <p>With communities reopening, wearing masks in public is even more important. Most states have orders that require people to wear a mask in public. But kids must be over age 2 to wear masks. So parents might wonder how they can help protect their babies and toddlers.</p> <h3>Why Should People Wear Masks?</h3> <p>Coronavirus can spread when people breathe, talk, cough, or sneeze. When someone wears a mask, it keeps the virus from reaching other people. This is true even for people who feel fine and have no symptoms because they can still be infected and not know it.</p> <p>Wearing a mask also can stop the virus from reaching you. If everyone wears a mask when they're out in public, fewer people will get sick. And because children under 2 years old can't wear masks, they're protected from infection when people around them do.</p> <h3>Why Shouldn't a Baby or Toddler Wear a Mask?</h3> <p>Babies and toddlers under 2 years old shouldn't wear a mask because:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>They have smaller <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">airways</a>, so breathing through a mask is harder for them.</li> <li>If it's hard for them to breathe and they can't tell anyone or take the mask off by themselves, they could <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safety-suffocation.html/">suffocate</a>.</li> <li>Some homemade masks might have pieces that a baby could choke on, such as strings or elastic bands.</li> <li>They will likely try to remove the mask, causing them to touch their face a lot. This can increase their risk of catching and spreading the virus.</li> </ul> <h3>Can Babies and Toddlers Get Infected With the Coronavirus?</h3> <p>While most COVID-19 infections have been diagnosed in adults, kids can get infected. In children, the virus sometimes causes a mild illness, and often causes no symptoms at all. But some babies and children have gotten very sick from the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">virus</a>, sometimes weeks after becoming infected. Babies and toddlers can't wear a mask, so it's important to protect them in other ways.</p> <h3>How Can I Protect My Baby or Toddler From Coronavirus Infection?</h3> <p>You can protect your little one by avoiding large crowds and keeping a safe distance (at least 6 feet) from other people when out of the house.</p> <p>At home and in public, do all you can to help stop the spread of the virus:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Avoid people who are sick.</li> <li>Wash your hands well and often, and teach others in your home to do the same. This is especially important: <ul> <li>when you go back into your home from being outside</li> <li>before handling your child</li> <li>before <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-breastfeeding.html/">breastfeeding</a> or preparing a bottle or food</li> </ul> </li> <li>Clean surfaces and objects that people touch a lot (like doorknobs, countertops, and cellphones).</li> <li>Try not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth.</li> <li>Sneeze or cough into a tissue or your elbow, not your hands.</li> <li>Wear a mask at home if you are sick. Try to limit contact with your child until your symptoms have stopped.</li> <li>If you take your child out in an infant carrier, you can place a blanket over the carrier while it's within your view. Make sure the blanket doesn't touch the baby. Wipe down the carrier or stroller when you get home.</li> </ul> <h3>Can I Take My Child to the Doctor's Office for Vaccines and Other Care?</h3> <p>Yes. Doctors' offices are taking steps to keep patients safe. These include regular deep cleaning, limiting the number of people in waiting areas, screening people who enter the building, and requiring masks for anyone over 2 years old.</p> <p>When you call, ask the staff what they're doing to keep patients safe so you can be prepared. For example, they may allow only one parent or caregiver to go with the child.</p> <p>During this time, stay in touch with your child's doctor about:</p> <p><strong>Vaccines and well visits.</strong> Keeping your child's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">vaccines</a> up to date is a key way to keep your child healthy. Ask how your health care provider is giving vaccines and doing regular <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkups.html/">checkups</a>. Some do well visits through <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/telemedicine.html/">telehealth</a> while others might postpone an in-person visit. For newborns or children with complex medical conditions, they may want to schedule an in-person visit right away. They will work with you to answer your questions and make sure your child gets any needed vaccines and checkups.</p> <p><strong>Sick visits.</strong> If you think your child is sick, don't wait to get care. Call your doctor for advice or instructions.</p> <p><strong>Call 911 right away</strong> if your child might have a health emergency. Signs include your child turning blue, not breathing, being very sleepy or hard to wake up, or being unconscious.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-metadata.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-controller.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/single-newborn-coronavirus-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div>Coronavirus (COVID-19): Cómo proteger a los bebés y los niños pequeños Dado que los niños deben ser mayores de 2 años para usar una mascarilla o una cubierta de tela para la cara, los padres podrían preguntarse cómo pueden ayudar a proteger a sus bebés y niños pequeños del coronavirus (COVID-19).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/coronavirus-young-kids-esp.html/d111c52d-e85b-4df8-87d3-f139ba1b96a2
Common Questions About ImmunizationsImmunizations have protected millions of children from potentially deadly diseases. Learn about immunizations and find out exactly what they do - and what they don't.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fact-myth-immunizations.html/f6cd5f64-54b9-49ed-a7aa-bdb2a2c06fbc
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: What to Do if Your Child Is SickThere's still much to learn about COVID-19. Still, parents wonder what to do if their child gets sick during the pandemic. Here's what doctors say to do if your child has coronavirus symptoms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-child-is-sick.html/15be2836-13c1-4e58-aa3b-166c6abd3580
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Calming AnxietyMany people - kids and adults - are worried about coronavirus (COVID-19). But anxiety about it doesn't have to get the upper hand. Here's how to calm fears and focus on good things.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-calm.html/de9fb3e6-0e0c-4faa-87ec-a04010ab7a0f
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Helping Kids Get Used to MasksPeople are wearing masks to help slow the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). Some toddlers and young children may feel uneasy about masks. Here's how to reassure your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-masks.html/3853b4d8-a58e-45fb-acfb-9bf0b4564e28
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Pregnancy FAQsWe're learning more every day about coronavirus (COVID-19). Here are some answers to questions about coronavirus and pregnancy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-pregnancy.html/b74da33c-530e-4e20-af59-6d2dbc3ac1b6
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Social Distancing With ChildrenNow that coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading through communities in many countries, the best way to fight this spread is for everyone to practice social distancing. Here's what that means.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-social-distancing.html/7a5da5f8-18fc-489b-a6bc-979f31e68ff1
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Your Questions AnsweredWe're learning more about coronavirus (COVID-19) every day. Here are answers to some questions you may have about symptoms, care, and protecting your family.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-questions-answers.html/676cad9f-dc0b-4523-9d30-cdda5da4cfe5
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Immunization ScheduleWhich vaccines does your child need and when? Use this immunization schedule as a handy reference.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immunization-chart.html/ffd3d367-78ea-4bb9-852d-c02db5722b6b
Is it Safe to Breastfeed if I Have Coronavirus (COVID-19)?Mothers with coronavirus (COVID-19) can still breastfeed their babies or give expressed breast milk. Here's what else the experts say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-breastfeeding.html/d3e8b75f-5183-48f0-b76e-ec250b4a8614
TelehealthTelehealth is changing health care. Find out how things like video doctor visits can benefit you and your family.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/telemedicine.html/61b4a238-155c-45b5-ba70-92c0cc76e833
When and Where to Get Medical CareShould you head to the ER when your child is hurt or ill? What about an urgent care center? Different problems need different levels of care, and you have many options.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergencies.html/8b5b1658-5648-4cac-bbca-688c0acceeb6
Your Child's CheckupsThese age-specific guides can help you be prepared for and keep track of your well-child visits.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkups.html/b9a0df04-49c9-43df-afb8-b8631c99c601
kh:age-babyZeroToOnekh:age-toddlerOneToThreekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61Medical Care & Your Babyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-newborn/medical-care/df3dfd7e-c2c0-428d-9bad-86c3f01847fe