Coronavirus (COVID-19): Your Questions Answeredenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Coronavirus_COVID_19_Your_Questions_Answered_enHD2.jpgWe're learning more about coronavirus (COVID-19) every day. Here are answers to some questions you may have about symptoms, care, and protecting your family.2019-nCoV, coronavirus, COVID-19, coronavirus disease 2019, novel, Wuhan, face mask, facemask, face masking, coronavirus face mask, should i wear a face mask, face covering, corona, 2019 novel coronavirus, cold symptoms, flu symptoms, China, CDC, WHO, Chinese virus, SARS, MERS, respiratory symptoms, dry cough, difficulty breathing, breathing trouble, fever, 2019-nCoV infection,infections, infectious, outbreaks, epidemics, pneumonia, child, children, kids, short of breath, incubation period, contagious, pediatric, pediatrician, handwashing, hand washing, 2019 Novel Coronavirus, respiratory droplets, coronavirus pet, coronavirus dog, coronavirus cat, coronavirus in usa, coronavirus update03/03/202002/11/202102/11/2021Karen A. Ravin, MD and Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD02/11/20218f91e571-ca14-4afa-bf25-2b6f787a63b3https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-questions-answers.html/<p>The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus.html/">coronavirus (COVID-19)</a> pandemic has changed daily life. New information comes out every day, and it can feel overwhelming at times. Here are answers to some questions you may have.</p> <h3>How Does Coronavirus (COVID-19) Spread?</h3> <p>People can catch coronavirus from others who are infected, even if they don't have any symptoms. This happens when an infected person sneezes or coughs, sending tiny droplets into the air. These can land in the nose or mouth of someone nearby.</p> <p>Some even smaller droplets can linger in the air for minutes to hours. These are called aerosols. People send aerosols into the air when they talk or breathe. Aerosols can travel on air currents away from where they started. So coronavirus sometimes can spread by aerosols. This is more likely to happen when an infected person spends a long time indoors, in a space with poor ventilation.</p> <p>People also might get infected if they touch an infected droplet on a surface and then touch their own nose, mouth, or eyes.</p> <p>Experts are looking at whether the virus can spread through stool (poop).</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>People with COVID-19 can have a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-cough.html/">cough</a>, and trouble breathing. Some people might have:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold.html/">cold</a> symptoms such as a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sore-throat-sheet.html/">sore throat</a>, congestion, or a runny nose</li> <li>chills</li> <li>muscle pain</li> <li>headache</li> <li>a loss of taste or smell</li> <li>nausea or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> <li>tiredness</li> </ul> <p>The virus can be more serious in some people. And some people have no symptoms at all.</p> <p>Some kids are having symptoms caused by <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/inflammation.html/">inflammation</a> throughout the body, sometimes several weeks after they were infected with the virus. This is called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pmis.html/">multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C)</a>. Doctors are trying to find out how these symptoms are related to coronavirus infection.</p> <p>Symptoms that have been seen in kids include:</p> <ul> <li>fever</li> <li>belly pain</li> <li>vomiting or diarrhea</li> <li>neck pain</li> <li>a rash</li> <li>red eyes</li> <li>feeling very tired</li> <li>red, cracked lips</li> <li>swollen hands or feet</li> <li>swollen glands (lymph nodes)</li> </ul> <p>Most kids with MIS-C get better after they get special care in the hospital, sometimes in the ICU (intensive care unit).</p> <h3>Can Someone Who's Infected Spread Coronavirus (COVID-19) if They Don't Have Symptoms?</h3> <p>The virus spreads most easily when an infected person has symptoms. But it also can spread before symptoms start. It can take 2&ndash;14 days after someone is exposed to the virus for symptoms to show up.</p> <p>The closer you are to someone who is infected with coronavirus, and the longer you're together, the higher your risk of also getting infected.</p> <h3>Who Is at Risk for Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>Experts are still learning about COVID-19. There are far fewer cases of the virus reported in children. Usually, the virus causes a milder illness in kids, though some children have become pretty sick.</p> <p>Most of the people who have died from coronavirus were older adults or people with other health problems, such as heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes.</p> <h3>Who Should Wear a Mask?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mask-care.html/">Masks</a> are important for going out, and also help stop the spread of COVID-19 <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-stop-spread.html/">at home</a>. Indoors, anyone who is sick should wear a mask when around others to prevent spreading the virus.</p> <p>Kids older than 2 years should wear a mask or cloth face covering when in public. Help your kids <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-masks.html/">get used to masks</a>. You can make them together. Practice wearing them so kids feel more comfortable when they wear them or see loved ones wearing them. <strong>Children under 2 years old and people who have trouble breathing should not wear a mask.</strong></p> <p>For more about masks, including how to make your own cloth mask, check the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/diy-cloth-face-coverings.html">CDC's guide</a>.</p> <h3>Can Kids Go to School During the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic?</h3> <p>Health experts, school officials, and teachers have worked hard to decide whether to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-school.html/">reopen school buildings</a> for in-person learning. To help prevent the spread of coronavirus, some schools limit class sizes, stagger schedules, or offer online learning. Other schools may offer a mix of online and in-person learning. Those schools that have in-person learning generally require kids and teachers to wear masks, maintain&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-social-distancing.html/">social distancing</a>, and take other precautions.</p> <p>You can find more information on school safety during the pandemic on the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/index.html">CDC's website</a>.</p> <h3>What Should I Do if My Child Has Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>Call your doctor if your child has a fever, cough, sore throat, belly pain, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, dizziness, or just doesn't feel well. If your child has been near someone with coronavirus or lived in or traveled to an area where lots of people have coronavirus, tell the doctor. The doctor can decide whether your child:</p> <ul> <li>should get tested&nbsp;for the infection</li> <li>can be treated at home</li> <li>should come in for a visit</li> <li>can have a video or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/telemedicine.html/">telehealth</a> visit</li> </ul> <p>In a telehealth visit, a health care provider can see your child on video while you stay at home. If you can, choose a telehealth provider who specializes in caring for kids. If the doctor thinks your child needs care right away, they will guide you on where to go. When possible, check for telehealth in your area before anyone in your family is sick.</p> <h3>How Is Coronavirus (COVID-19) Treated?</h3> <p>There is no specific medicine for COVID-19. Most people who have it&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-stop-spread.html/">get better at home</a> with plenty of liquids, rest, and comfort. Some people get very ill and need treatment in the hospital.</p> <h3>How Are People Tested for Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>There are two types of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-tests.html/">tests for coronavirus</a>:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>One type of test can tell if someone is currently infected with coronavirus. To do this test, health care providers use a long swab (like a Q-Tip) to take a sample from the nose or throat. They also can test a sample of saliva (spit). Some areas offer <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-drive-thru-tests.html/">drive-thru testing</a>, which lets people stay in their car during the test. At some testing sites, people can swab themselves following directions from the health care team.&nbsp;There also are special kits that families can order to do the test at home.</li> <li>A blood test that checks for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-antibody-testing.html/">antibodies</a> can tell if someone was infected with coronavirus at least 2&ndash;3 weeks before the test. It can't tell if they're infected at the time of the test, which is why it isn't used to diagnose COVID-19.</li> </ul> <h3>How Can We Protect Ourselves From Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>To protect yourself and your family:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Avoid large crowds and busy places as much as possible.</li> <li>Stay at least 6 feet from people you don't live with. COVID-19 can spread before a person has symptoms and even when someone has no symptoms.</li> <li>Adults and kids over 2 years old should wear a mask or cloth face covering when going out.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">Wash your hands</a> well and often. Wash for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Teach your kids to do the same.</li> <li>Try not to touch your eyes, nose, or mouth.</li> <li>Use a household cleaner or wipe to clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that people touch a lot.</li> <li>Keep informed about the spread of coronavirus in your community. You can find this on your local health department's website. Follow their recommendations, especially if many people in your area have coronavirus.</li> <li>Make sure your children get all their <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">vaccinations</a>. Protect them against illnesses like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/measles.html/">measles</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu.html/">the flu</a>. Kids who have another infection may have a harder time getting better if they do get COVID-19.</li> </ul> <p>COVID-19 vaccines are now available for people 16 and older. Health care workers and people at high risk for getting very sick if they're infected have been first in line to get vaccinated. Other adults and teens 16 and older can get a vaccine in the spring and summer of 2021. Studies are underway to see if the vaccines are safe and effective in children younger than 16.</p> <h3>Should We Cancel Our Travel Plans Due to Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>Recommendations for travel change often. Check the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/index.html">CDC's website</a> for the latest updates. Talk to your doctor, and consider where you live, where you're traveling to, and any medical conditions people in your family have.</p> <h3>Can Someone Get Coronavirus (COVID-19) From Mail or a Package?</h3> <p>The risk of getting infected from mail or a package is very low. But it's a good idea to:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Wash your hands after handling mail.</li> <li>Open and discard/recycle packages outside, then wash your hands right away when you go back into the house.</li> </ul> <h3>Can Pets Get Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>Some animals have tested positive for coronavirus. People who are sick shouldn't have contact with their pets. If someone must care for a pet while sick, they should wash their hands before and after contact and wear a face mask. If your pet is sick, call your vet for advice on what to do.</p> <h3>Where Can I Get Updated Information on Coronavirus (COVID-19)?</h3> <p>Check the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html">CDC</a> and <a href="https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019">World Health Organization (WHO)</a> websites for up-to-date, reliable information about coronavirus.</p>Coronavirus (COVID-19): Respuestas a sus preguntas Estamos aprendiendo más sobre el coronavirus (COVID-19) todos los días. Aquí hay respuestas a algunas preguntas que puede tener sobre los síntomas, la atención y la protección de su familia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/coronavirus-questions-answers-esp.html/4cf3aac3-0c72-40c2-8c5c-d126be8af4be
Coronavirus (COVID-19)The coronavirus (COVID-19) is making people sick with flu-like symptoms. Read this article to learn how to protect your family, and to know when to call your doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus.html/f3b9e63c-05d8-4c9a-b611-7bafd7be7f0a
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: What to Do if Your Child Is SickThere's still much to learn about COVID-19. Still, parents wonder what to do if their child gets sick during the pandemic. Here's what doctors say to do if your child has coronavirus symptoms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-child-is-sick.html/ffac6993-ded9-489b-bfc7-3b3329dfb3d7
Coronavirus (COVID-19) and School: Hybrid In-Person and Remote LearningSome schools are using a hybrid plan this school year because of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a combination of in-person learning and remote learning.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-school-hybrid-learning.html/281ed362-183e-4a97-b1b5-1e75bc7186a3
Coronavirus (COVID-19) and School: In-Person LearningThis school year means extra planning because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. If your kids are going back to school in-person, here's how to be ready.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-school-inperson-learning.html/35c0c12e-3dd5-49d1-aff5-54ee20fa116f
Coronavirus (COVID-19) and School: Remote LearningSome schools are doing remote learning this school year. This means that students use the internet to attend school and do assignments from home.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-school-remote-learning.html/f47f0059-cf89-4d39-9d5b-82bd0a600a44
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Being Ready to QuarantinePeople who have a coronavirus (COVID-19) infection or are around someone who has it should stay home to prevent spreading the virus. Here's how to prepare to quarantine or isolate at home.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-prepare.html/2b32da4a-874b-4211-9d61-68851e00ca35
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Calming AnxietyMany people - kids and adults - are worried about coronavirus (COVID-19). But anxiety about it doesn't have to get the upper hand. Here's how to calm fears and focus on good things.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-calm.html/de9fb3e6-0e0c-4faa-87ec-a04010ab7a0f
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Helping Kids Get Used to MasksPeople are wearing masks to help slow the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). Some toddlers and young children may feel uneasy about masks. Here's how to reassure your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-masks.html/3853b4d8-a58e-45fb-acfb-9bf0b4564e28
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Home Care & PrecautionsAnyone who is sick — even if they don't know for sure they have coronavirus (COVID-19) — should stay home unless they need medical care. This helps prevent the illness from spreading to others.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-stop-spread.html/003ca6c5-508d-40ce-a5c1-924fd7a4a4f4
Coronavirus (COVID-19): How to Quarantine or Isolate at HomeSomeone with a positive coronavirus test is infected and is contagious. They will need to stay home to prevent the virus from spreading to others. Here's how to quarantine or isolate at home.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-how-to-quarantine.html/f90cf450-199f-4a49-bdf4-42769ca4ac69
Coronavirus (COVID-19): How to Talk to Your ChildYour kids are hearing about coronavirus (COVID-19). To make sure they get reliable information, here's how to talk about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-how-talk-child.html/66b70985-5fcf-4930-9354-d1ab0deb5ff6
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Is it Safe to Send Kids Back to School?Parents are wondering whether it's safe to send their kids back to school during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Here are some things to think about as you decide.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-school.html/78fb9154-0edc-49e4-b0a5-401c880fb2cf
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Pregnancy FAQsWe're learning more every day about coronavirus (COVID-19). Here are some answers to questions about coronavirus and pregnancy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-pregnancy.html/b74da33c-530e-4e20-af59-6d2dbc3ac1b6
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Social Distancing With ChildrenNow that coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading through communities in many countries, the best way to fight this spread is for everyone to practice social distancing. Here's what that means.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-social-distancing.html/7a5da5f8-18fc-489b-a6bc-979f31e68ff1
Coronavirus (COVID-19): What Do Quarantine and Isolation Mean?Some people with COVID-19 might need to stay home and away from others for a set time. This is known as isolation or quarantine. Find out what this means.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-isolation-quarantine.html/dacbbe8b-2982-45b4-ba67-bf57eb21407c
Coronavirus: What Kids Can DoHere are the 4 best ways everyone (including kids) can help stop coronavirus.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/coronavirus-kids.html/c7e537cf-9372-4609-9cd1-f54e8eaca7bc
Fighting GermsGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fighting-germs.html/8b803566-2973-4fbc-a2f0-4ac2f23a2089
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Is it Safe to Breastfeed if I Have Coronavirus (COVID-19)?Mothers with coronavirus (COVID-19) can still breastfeed their babies or give expressed breast milk. Here's what else the experts say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-breastfeeding.html/d3e8b75f-5183-48f0-b76e-ec250b4a8614
Understanding Coronavirus (COVID-19)Looking for information about coronavirus (COVID-19)? Our articles and videos explain what the virus is, ways to prevent it from spreading, what it means for school and learning, and much more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coronavirus-landing-page.html/89d77cdc-6e86-46a2-97a9-504fa01ec541
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61