Communication and Your 13- to 18-Year-Oldenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-comm13To18-enHD-AR1.jpgTeens spend much of the day outside the home, but it's important that you take time every day to talk with your teen to share opinions, ideas, and information.communication, talking to my child, communication problems, how can i talk to my child, speech therapy, speech therapists, language problems, hearing problems, otolaryngologists, stuttering, disfluency, hearing tests, psychoeducational assessments, and speech-language evaluation, vocabulary, general pediatrics, adolescence, adolescent medicine, developmental medicine, behavioral medicine05/18/200007/15/201907/15/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD06/17/20192b23c133-d5fe-453e-950e-3e9f33a7dd48https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/comm-13-to-18.html/<p>During this period, teens spend much of the day outside the home — at school or at after-school activities or jobs&nbsp;and with their friends. But it's important to try to talk with your teen every day to share opinions, ideas, and information.</p> <h3>Communicating With Your Teen</h3> <p>Here are a few tips to help you communicate with your teen:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Make time during the day or evening to hear about your teen's activities; be sure that he or she knows you are actively interested and listening carefully.</li> <li>Remember to talk <em>with</em> your teen, not <em>at</em> him or her.</li> <li>Ask questions that go beyond &quot;yes&quot; or &quot;no&quot; answers to prompt more developed conversation.</li> <li>Take advantage of time during car trips to talk with your teen.</li> <li>Make time for&nbsp;sporting and school events, playing games, and talking about current events.</li> </ul> <h3>Vocabulary and Communication</h3> <p>Teens essentially communicate as adults, with increasing maturity throughout high school. They comprehend abstract and figurative language, such as:</p> <ul> <li>idioms (&quot;hit the nail on the head,&quot; &quot;on thin ice,&quot; &quot;see eye to eye,&quot; etc.)</li> <li>similes (&quot;tough as nails,&quot; &quot;clean as a whistle,&quot; &quot;strong as an ox,&quot; etc.)</li> <li>metaphors (&quot;she's a night owl,&quot; &quot;that place was a zoo,&quot; &quot;time is money,&quot; etc.)</li> </ul> <p>Explanations may become more figurative and less literal.</p> <p>Teens should be able to grasp word meanings and contexts, understand punctuation, and form complex syntactic structures (how words are put together). Communication is more than the use and understanding of words, though — it also includes how teens think of themselves, their peers, and authority figures.</p> <p>As teens seek independence from family and establish their own identity, they begin thinking abstractly and become concerned with moral issues. All of this shapes the way they think and communicate.</p> <h3>When Should We Get Help?</h3> <p>Have ongoing communication with your teen's teachers about overall language skills and progress. If the teachers suspect a language-based learning disability, comprehensive testing will be necessary. This can include a hearing test, psychoeducational assessment (standardized testing to assess learning style as well as cognitive processes), and speech-language evaluation.</p> <p>A teen with a specific communication problem, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stutter.html/">stuttering</a>, should be referred to the school <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/">speech-language</a> pathologist (an expert who evaluates and treats speech and language disorders).</p> <p>Vocal-quality problems such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hoarseness.html/">hoarseness</a>, breathiness, or raspiness may need a medical evaluation by an otolaryngologist (an ear, nose, and throat specialist). But in most cases, language problems have been found before this age.</p> <p>Parents often feel that the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adolescence.html/">teen years</a> are a time of difficult communication, when it's normal for teens to challenge parents and resist authority. But behavior that causes severe disruption in the household may not be normal teen rebellion. If you feel that your relationship is particularly trying, talk about it with your doctor.</p>La comunicación y su hijo de 13 a 18 añosDurante este período, los adolescentes pasan gran parte del tiempo fuera de casa: en su centro de estudios, practicando actividades extraescolares, trabajando o con sus amigos. Pero es importante que intente hablar con su hijo cada día para compartir opiniones, ideas e información. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/comm-13-to-18-esp.html/d3c84481-adf6-4bae-b068-874ceb0b4b16
A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen YearsYou've lived through 2 AM feedings, toddler temper tantrums, and the back-to-school blues. So why is the word "teenager" causing you so much anxiety?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adolescence.html/2571962e-e844-408a-9fe4-79974e934086
Fitness and Your 13- to 18-Year-OldKids who enjoy exercise tend to stay active throughout their lives. Learn how to encourage fitness in your teen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fitness-13-18.html/a193fa61-69d8-4278-8058-2a9f7854b240
Growth and Your 13- to 18-Year-OldKids entering puberty will undergo many changes in their developing bodies. Find out more about what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-13-to-18.html/abe3adf6-365a-43d0-9c40-9d17f0e431c3
Hearing Evaluation in ChildrenHearing problems can be overcome if they're caught early, so it's important to get your child's hearing screened early and checked regularly.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hear.html/f867639c-fb49-46cc-a897-8386816dad97
Medical Care and Your 13- to 18-Year-OldRegular visits help your teen's doctor keep track of changes in physical, mental, and social development. The doctor can also help your teen understand the importance of choosing a healthy lifestyle.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical-care-13-18.html/1802e35d-4e4e-4431-b044-c4d761eecf9b
Speech-Language TherapyWorking with a certified speech-language pathologist can help a child with speech or language difficulties.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/9bcaa854-6c27-4d01-80c3-176d24a1ac3e
StutteringMany young kids go through a stage when they stutter. Stuttering usually goes away on its own but in some cases lasts longer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stutter.html/5f718463-93d0-4d83-a97f-03df8e5fd8e1
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:clinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicineCommunicationhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/communication/bf8c93d4-e878-447f-b3ec-8962be50c71c