CLOVES Syndromeenparents syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.CLOVES Syndrome, cloves, clove syndrome, clove, clove syndrome, vascular, Epidermal nevis, congenital, vascular malformations, vascular anomalies, overgrowth, over growth, sindromes, scoliosis, tethered, tethered cord, tethered spinal cord, genetic mutation, birthmarks, lipomas, port wine stains, fatty tissue masses, wilms, wilm's, Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, Proteus syndrome, hemihypertrophy, Macrocephaly-Capillary Malformation, Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber 07/27/201707/06/201809/02/2019Craig M. Johnson, DO08/31/20170bfa9c17-b66f-4268-94cd-5b5f29fd7e88<h3>What Is CLOVES Syndrome?</h3> <p>CLOVES syndrome is a very rare <a href="">genetic</a> disorder. It's named for the combination of vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities that make up the syndrome:</p> <ul> <li><strong>C:</strong> Congenital (present at birth)</li> <li><strong>L:</strong> Lipomatous (referring to lipomas, soft fatty masses often found on one or both sides of the back and belly)</li> <li><strong>O:</strong> Overgrowth (of fatty tissue in some body areas, which grow much more quickly than others)</li> <li><strong>V:</strong> Vascular malformations (problems with <a href="">lymph</a> and blood vessels)</li> <li><strong>E:</strong> Epidermal nevi (skin lesions)</li> <li><strong>S:</strong> Spinal/skeletal anomalies and/or <a href="">Scoliosis</a>&nbsp;(a tethered spinal cord)</li> </ul> <p>CLOVES and other rare conditions that can cause similar symptoms are often called <strong>overgrowth disorders</strong>.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of CLOVES Syndrome?</h3> <p>Children who have CLOVES syndrome are born with it. So far, it's been identified in fewer than 200 children.</p> <p>CLOVES syndrome can cause:</p> <ul> <li>fatty tissue masses on the belly, back, or sides</li> <li>problems with feet and hands (large, wide hands and feet; large fingers or toes; unusual spacing between toes and fingers)</li> <li>dilated veins (chest, arms, legs, and feet with a risk of blood clots)</li> <li><a href="">birthmarks</a> (raised red or brown areas, <a href="">port-wine stains</a>)</li> <li>spinal curvature (<a href="">scoliosis</a>) or tethered cord (when the spinal cord is attached to the spinal column)</li> <li>kidney problems (unusual size, asymmetry, <a href="">Wilms tumor</a>)</li> <li>intestinal and bladder problems (bleeding)</li> <li>asymmetric growth (one side grows faster than the other, such as the arms and legs or head)</li> </ul> <p>CLOVES syndrome symptoms vary widely in combination and severity. Some children have mild symptoms, while others can have serious, life-threatening problems.</p> <h3>What Causes CLOVES Syndrome?</h3> <p>CLOVES is caused by a genetic mutation (an error in a person's genes). Sometimes, like with CLOVES, genes can mutate (change) on their own, with no known reason. It is not hereditary (passed down by parents to their children).</p> <h3>How Is CLOVES Syndrome Diagnosed?</h3> <p>CLOVES is typically diagnosed at birth based on a baby's physical problems. Careful examination and advanced imaging tests (<a href="">MRI</a>, CT scan, ultrasound) might be needed to confirm a CLOVES diagnosis. Fetal diagnosis (while a baby is still in the womb) is sometimes possible. But because CLOVES is so rare, it's still unknown to many health care providers.</p> <p>CLOVES syndrome can cause problems that are similar to those of other rare disorders. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, Proteus syndrome, and hemihypertrophy also cause blood vessel overgrowth and abnormalities in certain body areas. To diagnose CLOVES, doctors will look for the syndrome's combination of vascular, skin, and spinal abnormalities.</p> <h3>How Is CLOVES Syndrome Treated?</h3> <p>There is no cure for CLOVES, but a team of health care specialists can help families manage the conditions and symptoms it causes. These specialists can include a vascular interventional radiologist, a general surgeon, a hematologist, a genetics doctor, a pathologist, a radiologist, a plastic surgeon, an orthopedic specialist, a neurosurgeon, and others.</p> <p>Treatments for CLOVES include:</p> <ul> <li><strong>sclerotherapy:</strong> to shrink the vascular malformations and lymphatic spaces/cysts</li> <li><strong>interventional radiology procedures:</strong> to shrink tumors or repair lymph and blood vessel malformations</li> <li><strong>embolization:</strong> to block blood vessels or vascular channels of malformations</li> <li><strong>debulking surgery:</strong> to remove some tissue overgrowth, which will maximize function for the child and decrease deformity</li> <li><strong>surgery:</strong> general, urology, gastroenterology, thoracic</li> <li><strong>orthopedic procedures:</strong> to correct foot, hand, spine, bone, and joint problems</li> <li><strong>neurosurgery:</strong> to repair a tethered spinal cord, or spinal mass and craniofacial anomalies</li> <li><strong>rehabilitation therapies:</strong> including <a href="">physical therapy</a> and <a href="">occupational therapy</a></li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Early diagnosis is very important for kids with CLOVES. Evaluation and treatment with a multidisciplinary team specializing in vascular anomalies and vascular malformations should start as soon as possible to help manage a child's specific symptoms and overall health.</p> <p>Research into medicines and other treatments that can help kids with CLOVES is ongoing.</p>Síndrome CLOVESEs síndrome CLOVES es un trastorno genético muy raro. Su nombre deriva de una combinación de anomalías vasculares, cutáneas, espinales, medulares y óseas o articulares que componen el síndrome.
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.
Arteriovenous Malformations An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Large AVMs or multiple AVMs usually needs medical treatment.
BirthmarksBirthmarks that babies are born with, or develop soon after birth, are mostly harmless and many even go away on their own, but sometimes they're associated with certain health problems.
Port-Wine StainsFor most kids, these birthmarks are no big deal — they're just part of who they are. Read about port-wine stains, how to care for them, and, if necessary, what treatments are available.
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed.
Venous Malformations A venous malformation (VM) is a place in the body where veins haven't grown the right way. VMs can be difficult to treat.
What's a Birthmark?Birthmarks, also known as hemangiomas, get their name for one reason: They are marks on the skin of a lot of newborn babies! Find out more about birthmarks in this article for kids.
Wilms TumorWilms tumor is a cancer of the kidneys that usually affects newborns and the very young. Fortunately, most kids with Wilms tumor survive and go on to live normal, healthy lives.
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