Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Childhood_Absence_Epilepsy_enHD_1.jpgKids with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have seizures where they "blank out" for a few seconds. Most kids will outgrow CAE.epilepsy, seizures, siezures, central nervous system, seesures, seezures, seeshures, sesures, meningitis, encephalitis, idiopathic, generalized seizures, partial seizures, brain, brains, brain problems, fits, shaking, postictal phase, ketogenic diet, ketogenic, electrical signals, vagal nerve stimulators, vagal, breakthrough seizures, neurologists, neurology,, CD1Neurosurgery, CD1Epilepsy, CD1Neurology08/22/201709/17/201909/17/2019KidsHealth Medical Experts08/05/2017612e939f-cd06-4a14-8904-279264e58bb8https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy.html/<h3>What Is Childhood Absence Epilepsy?</h3> <p>Kids with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a> where they "blank out" for a few seconds. Most kids with the typical form of CAE will grow out of the seizures in adolescence.</p> <h3>What Do Absence Seizures Look Like?</h3> <p>Absence seizures look like staring spells. They can happen up to 100 times a day. Because the seizures can look like daydreaming, they often go unnoticed. Sometimes, they're misdiagnosed as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/">ADHD</a>.</p> <p>A typical absence seizure starts suddenly in the middle of activity and ends abruptly. During one, a child might:</p> <ul> <li>"blank out" or have staring spells that last 3 to 15 seconds</li> <li>have fluttering eyes or look upward</li> <li>not be aware of what's going on during the seizure</li> <li>return immediately to normal activity after the seizure and not know a seizure happened</li> </ul> <p>Some children also blink repetitively, smack or chew on their lips, or rub their hands together. These are called <strong>automatisms</strong>.</p> <h3>What Causes Childhood Absence Epilepsy?</h3> <p>CAE is caused by genetic changes or mutations. Many children have a relative with CAE. Sometimes kids with absence seizures can have other types of seizures too.</p> <h3>How Is Childhood Absence Epilepsy Diagnosed?</h3> <p>CAE is diagnosed by a pediatric neurologist (a doctor who specializes in brain, spine, and nervous system problems). Breathing very fast (hyperventilating) can bring on absence seizures in most kids with CAE. So the doctor may ask a child to do this in the office or before some tests.</p> <p>Further testing may include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eeg.html/">EEG</a>, or electroencephalography (to see brain waves/electrical activity in the brain)</li> <li>VEEG, or video electroencephalography (EEG with video recording)</li> <li>MRI scans are rarely needed in this condition</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Childhood Absence Epilepsy Treated?</h3> <p>Absence seizures usually get better with medicines. If medicines don't control the seizures, sometimes doctors will prescribe a special diet, such as a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ketogenic-diet.html/"><strong>ketogenic diet</strong></a>. A ketogenic diet is a strict high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that can sometimes reduce seizures.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>Kids with typical childhood absence epilepsy almost always lead a normal life. To help your child, make sure he or she:</p> <ul> <li>takes medicines as prescribed</li> <li>avoids known seizure triggers such as lack of sleep or <a class="kh_anchor">stress</a></li> </ul> <p>Some kids with childhood absence epilepsy have trouble with learning, behavior, concentration, and attention. Get help from tutors and specialists early on to support academic, social, and emotional success.</p> <p>It's important to keep your child safe during a seizure. So make sure that other adults and caregivers (family members, babysitters, teachers, coaches, etc.) know <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/">what to do</a>. Unlike other types of seizures, CAE is rarely associated with injury during a seizure.</p>Crisis de ausencia por epilepsia en la infanciaLos niños con crisis de ausencia por epilepsia tienen crisis donde "se quedan en blanco" durante unos pocos segundos. La mayoría de los niños con crisis de ausencia típicas en la infancia las superan con la edad al hacerse adolescentes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy-esp.html/3428ed62-5d8a-4056-855a-971e9b0ba340
Benign Rolandic EpilepsyKids with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC) have seizures that involve twitching, numbness, or tingling of the face or tongue.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brec.html/cacf42b8-6bd0-4265-92db-97852a24d2cd
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
EpilepsySeizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Learn all about epilepsy, including what to do if you see someone having a seizure.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/epilepsy.html/85df049a-dc59-41a5-b92c-421ea2d711be
Epilepsy Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about epilepsy, and what they can do to help students with the condition succeed in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-factsheet.html/83a2f877-3f5b-41d4-949f-1e24584cfabc
Epilepsy SurgeryEpilepsy surgery is an operation done on the brain to reduce or stop seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-surgery.html/62a50c44-d6c5-44e2-b4d2-697d4d8aa46c
First Aid: SeizuresAlthough seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life-threatening.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/b5b828f7-d921-49cf-9b8a-79401d2378e9
Intractable EpilepsyIntractable epilepsy is when a child's seizures can't be controlled by medicines. Doctors may recommend surgery or other treatments for intractable seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intractable-epilepsy.html/b8735f52-1cd8-4dc4-9c1e-b0af479bdac5
Juvenile Myoclonic EpilepsyKids with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have one or more of several different kinds of seizures, which begin around the age of puberty.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy.html/f594267f-fabd-48e1-95b8-45e3483b107a
SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/17184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44
Temporal Lobe EpilepsyKids with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have seizures that start in one of the temporal lobes of the brain. Seizures usually get better with medicine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/temporal-lobe-epilepsy.html/a45446cb-f4f8-4aa6-a259-9248db76f764
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-neurologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-neurologyBrain & Nervous Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/brain/d6b00a11-9db0-403c-bc41-00bcdf022537