Child Abuseenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-child-enHD-AR1.jpgChild abuse — whether it's physical, sexual, emotional, medical, or another type — can harm kids in many ways. Learn how to spot the signs of child abuse.child abuse, children abused, kids, kid, harm, hurt, physical abuse, hitting, hit, punch, punching, kick, burn, choke, bite, neglect, spank, abandonment, abandon, sex, sexual abuse, inappropriate sexual contact, oral sex, blow job, anal sex, rape, porn, drugs, depression, emotional, emotions, emotional abuse, psychological abuse, psycological abuse, child abuser, mean, hurtful, neglectful, angry, mad, sad, feelings, mental health, neglected, abused, hit, hitting, drinking, alcohol, meth, abusive head trauma, shaken baby syndrome12/08/201112/05/201912/05/2019Stephanie A. Deutsch, MD11/25/2019a71c4a3b-54d8-4bbc-9916-8f563827c28ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/child-abuse.html/<h3>What Is Child Abuse?</h3> <p>Child abuse happens when someone caring for a child hurts a child's feelings or body. It can happen to boys or girls in any family. Often, hurt feelings (or emotional trauma) last long after a hurt body has healed.</p> <p>Knowing the dangers of abuse and what to do if you suspect it is key to keeping all children safe.</p> <h3>What Are the Types of Child Abuse?</h3> <p><strong>Physical abuse</strong> is when a child's body has been hurt. Hitting hard with a hand or an object like a belt can leave bruises or cuts and cause pain. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shaken.html/">Shaking</a>, pushing, choking, punching, painful grabbing, and kicking also can be physical abuse.</p> <p><strong>Sexual abuse</strong> is sexual contact (like sexual acts) or non-contact sexual activities (like taking or sharing sexual photos and sexual talk) between:</p> <ul> <li>an adult and someone younger than 18</li> <li>an older child or teen and a much younger child</li> <li>one person who has power over another, no matter their ages</li> </ul> <p>Most cases of sexual abuse involve a close trusted adult or family member who abuses the child's trust. Often, the child is pressured or talked into the activity, offered gifts, or asked to keep secrets, not physically forced into it.</p> <p><strong>Neglect</strong> is when an adult doesn't do what is needed to take care of a child. This means not giving the child enough:</p> <ul> <li>food, housing or clothing</li> <li>medical care</li> <li>supervision</li> <li>attention (called emotional neglect, when a child is ignored)</li> <li>education/schooling</li> </ul> <p><strong>Emotional abuse</strong> (or psychological abuse) happens when adults caring for a child judge, threaten, put down or reject kids or teens, withholding love so the child feels bad about themselves or worthless.</p> <p><strong>Substance abuse</strong>, when adults use drugs or too much alcohol, can put a child in danger. It can cause adults to neglect or physically hurt a child. When adults use drugs or overuse alcohol around a child, many state laws say this is child abuse, even if no one neglected or physically hurt the child.</p> <p>In some states, it's child abuse if:</p> <ul> <li>adults let a child drink alcohol or take illegal drugs</li> <li>adults make, take, or sell illegal drugs in the presence of a child</li> <li>a woman uses illegal drugs while pregnant</li> </ul> <p><strong>Medical child abuse</strong> is when adult caregivers harm a child with too much medical care, such as medicines, appointments, surgeries, or lab tests that are not needed.</p> <h3>Who Causes Child Abuse?</h3> <p>There is not one type of person who causes child abuse. Most of the time a child knows the abuser well. Sometimes people who abuse children were abused when they were children.</p> <p>Sometimes, people who abuse kids can show some signs. For example, parents who abuse their children may:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Always talk negatively about the child or call the child worthless.</li> <li>Try to keep the child away from others.</li> <li>Have a hard time talking about their children's injuries or behavioral problems.</li> <li>Show little concern or affection for the child.</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs of Child Abuse?</h3> <p>Kids and teens often have a hard time speaking up about abuse. So knowing the signs of child abuse can help.</p> <p>Kids who are being abused might:</p> <ul> <li>have frequent bruises, especially in places kids don't usually get bruises from play</li> <li>have stories to explain injuries that don't make sense or keep changing</li> <li>not want to go home</li> <li>avoid being with the abuser</li> <li>avoid being with others</li> <li>show signs of emotional trauma, like fear, anger, or trouble relating to or trusting others</li> <li>be sad or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depressed</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/no-bullying.html/">bully</a> others</li> <li>hurt themselves, like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cutting.html/">cutting</a></li> <li>have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nightmare.html/">nightmares</a> or trouble sleeping</li> <li>act out in class, have trouble paying attention, or be hyperactive</li> <li>use <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-information.html/">drugs</a>&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>Kids who see abuse (but are not the victims themselves) or see violence between adults caring for them sometimes show similar signs.</p> <p>These signs don't always point to abuse. Kids going through stressful times &mdash; like their parents' separation or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/help-child-divorce.html/">divorce</a>, a move, or the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/death.html/">death</a> of a loved one &mdash; also might be sad, angry, or withdrawn. But if physical signs (like bruises) happen along with behavior problems, that's a stronger sign of abuse.</p> <h3>What Should I Do if I Suspect Child Abuse?</h3> <p><strong>If you think a child is being abused or a child tells you about abuse</strong>, contact your local:</p> <ul> <li>child protective services agency</li> <li>police</li> <li>hospital</li> </ul> <p>You also can contact the <a href="http://www.childhelp.org/">Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline</a> at 1-800-4-A-CHILD (1-800-422-4453). You don't have to give your name.&nbsp;</p> <p>You might not be sure of the abuse, but having a concern is enough. The authorities will look into things and find out if abuse is happening. It is better to report and have no abuse found than to not act on your concern while a child continues to be hurt.</p> <p>Never threaten a person or take the law into your own hands. Let the legal system do its work.</p> <p><strong>If you are worried that you might hurt a child in your care</strong>, make sure the child is somewhere safe, and then speak with a friend, relative, or health care professional. You also can contact the <a href="http://www.childhelp.org/">Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline</a> at 1-800-4-A-CHILD (1-800-422-4453). You might just need someone to talk to or you may want to seek counseling.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Not all suspicions of child abuse turn out to be true. But all deserve serious attention and fast action.</p> <p>The earlier abuse is identified and stopped, the earlier medical care, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/">therapy</a>, and counseling can help children and families heal.</p> <p>So if you suspect abuse, speak up. If a child tells you about abuse, take it seriously. All children deserve to be heard, protected, and helped.</p>Maltrato infantilEl maltrato infantil ocurre cuando una persona que debería cuidar de un niño, le causa daños emocionales o físicos (corporales). Puede afectar tanto a los niños como a las niñas de cualquier familia. Generalmente, los daños emocionales (o traumas psicológicos) duran mucho más de lo que tardan en curarse las lesiones físicas o corporales. Conocer los peligros del maltrato infantil y saber cómo actuar cuando sospecha que existe maltrato es clave para mantener a los niños seguros.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/child-abuse-esp.html/2763d1b7-6a40-42f2-98d1-6b6a09b4326e
About Teen SuicideWhen a teen commits suicide, everyone is affected. The reasons behind a suicide or attempted suicide can be complex, but often there are warning signs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/suicide.html/e5d8251a-59a1-4497-88b5-6cb66cd2631e
AbuseAbuse can take many forms. This article talks about recognizing abuse, its effects, and what someone who is being abused can do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/family-abuse.html/3b209ba9-9c61-4c0d-9521-629074a31929
Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome)Abusive head trauma is the leading cause of death in child abuse cases in the United States. It happens when someone shakes an infant.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shaken.html/5605afef-657e-425a-9c05-a744f314f43b
Abusive RelationshipsAbuse has no place in love. Read this article to find out how to recognize the signs of abuse and how you can get help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/abuse.html/21ddb156-35d8-4686-90d7-14caf0a71d66
Am I in a Healthy Relationship?Does your boyfriend or girlfriend treat you as well as you treat him or her? Does your BF or GF support you in good times as well as bad? Does he or she get who you really are? Find out if you're in a healthy relationship.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/healthy-relationship.html/2afa0eab-086a-4ef1-8795-fe19911aa05f
Anxiety DisordersAnxiety is a normal part of growing up, and all kids experience it. But when it becomes extreme, it can interfere with a child's overall happiness.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anxiety-disorders.html/5869cf33-aa1f-4c87-93db-318b8ad91aee
Coping When a Parent Has an Alcohol or Drug ProblemAlcoholism causes anguish not only for the person who drinks, but for everyone who is involved with that person. But there are things you can do to help cope with the problems alcoholism creates in families.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/coping-alcoholic.html/cccb84ee-6d3c-4826-99d1-2fd269425a4d
CuttingIt can be hard to understand, but people who cut themselves sometimes do it because it actually makes them feel better. They are overflowing with emotions - like sadness, depression, or anger - that they have trouble expressing.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cutting.html/33dde8f5-8c32-469a-a30f-fa40ca15efc6
CyberbullyingCyberbullying is the use of technology to harass, threaten, embarrass or target another person. Here are some suggestions on what to do if online bullying has become part of your child's life.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cyberbullying.html/4355b9b4-2287-41f7-bca1-bd8fb925737a
DepressionDepression is very common. For more information about depression and feeling better, check out this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depression.html/313901c9-c72a-4f03-831b-94ab61da2856
Going to a TherapistWhat's it like to go to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or therapist? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/going-to-therapist.html/98f4f29c-08f9-42ae-84d2-a492759ee506
How to Handle AbuseChild abuse is never OK. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/handle-abuse.html/0e856933-9288-420e-ba47-edd355db494c
Mental Health SpecialistsCounselors, therapists, clinical social workers, psychologists, and psychiatrists are all experts in mental health. But there can be differences. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mental-health-specialists.html/7e283203-489b-4556-b090-4e5fe0f4d5fd
Posttraumatic Stress DisorderSometimes after experiencing a traumatic event, a person has a strong and lingering reaction known as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Getting treatment and support can make all the difference.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ptsd.html/713e332a-8629-4b08-a45b-0a5bc0501ec1
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Kids and teens who live through a traumatic event can develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Healing is possible with the help of professional counseling and support from loved ones.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ptsd.html/92c63abe-dcb4-4c38-9ed3-a7aaabdaea05
RapeRape is forced, unwanted sexual intercourse. Rape is about power, not sex. Both men and women of any age can be raped. Find out what you can do and how to take care of yourself after a rape.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/rape-what-to-do.html/b53f084c-3bc2-4cbc-bea1-04718d2022c1
Separation AnxietyTeary and tantrum-filled goodbyes are common with separation anxiety, which is a perfectly normal part of childhood development.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sep-anxiety.html/6647a157-7e1c-4c5a-80fb-a02234eca7cc
Talking About Your FeelingsNoticing your feelings and saying how you feel can help you feel better. This article for kids has ideas on how to practice talking about feelings and emotions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/talk-feelings.html/1ef983f4-2c73-4b5b-9b90-b0669af591de
kh:age-NAkh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:clinicalDesignation-traumakh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsTough Topicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/positive/talk/8f27f8bd-ce64-4525-9b9c-2353a4af1dd7