Chemotherapyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-chemotherapy-enHD-AR1.jpgChemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.cancer, cancers, childhood cancer, chemo, radiation therapy, radiation, cancer treatment, cancer treatments, chemotherapeutic agents, anticancer drugs, oncology, oncologist, my child has cancer, getting chemo, on chemo, receiving chemo, getting chemotherapy, on chemotherapy, receiving chemotherapy, my child is sick, terminal illness, serious illness, my child is seriously ill, side effects of chemotherapy, CD1Brain Tumors, CD1Leukemia, CD1Lymphoma, CD1Oncology, CD1Brain Tumors, CD1Leukemia, CD1Lymphoma, CD1Oncology, CD1Retinoblastoma06/05/200311/15/201809/02/2019Ramamoorthy Nagasubramanian, MD11/12/201854f93018-4955-4463-b067-5621e285210fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/<h3>What Is Chemotherapy?</h3> <p>Chemotherapy (often called "chemo") is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/">cancer</a> cells.</p> <h3>How Does Chemotherapy Work?</h3> <p>Chemotherapy works by killing cells that are dividing. Most cancer cells divide quickly so they are more likely to be killed by chemotherapy. Some normal cells that divide quickly can also be destroyed.</p> <p>Chemo is different from&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a>, which can destroy cancer cells in a specific area of the body. Chemotherapy works to treat cancer cells that may have spread throughout the body.</p> <h3>How Is Chemotherapy Given?</h3> <p>There are several ways to give chemotherapy.</p> <ul> <li>In most cases, a person gets chemo intravenously, referred to as an IV. An IV is a tiny tube put into a vein through the skin, usually in the arm. The tube is attached to a bag that holds the medicine. The chemo medicine flows from the bag into the vein, putting the medicine into the bloodstream. Then the medicine travels through the body to attack cancer cells.<br /><br />Sometimes, an IV is put into a larger blood vessel under the skin of the upper chest. That way, a child can get chemotherapy and other medicines through the IV and doctors won't always use a vein in the arm.</li> </ul> <p>Chemo also can be:</p> <ul> <li>taken as a pill, capsule, or liquid that is swallowed</li> <li>given by injection into a muscle or the skin</li> <li>injected into spinal fluid through a needle put into a fluid-filled space in the lower spine (below the spinal cord)</li> </ul> <h3>What Side Effects Can Happen From Chemotherapy?</h3> <p>Chemo damages or kills cancer cells. But it also can damage normal, healthy cells. This can lead to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/">side effects</a>.</p> <p>It's hard to know which side effects a child might have, how long they'll last, and when they'll end. They're different for each child, depending on the type of chemo drug used, the dose, and a child's general health.</p> <ul></ul> <p>The good news is that most side effects are temporary. As the body's normal cells recover, the side effects start to go away. If your child has side effects, talk with your doctor. Many common side effects of chemo can be treated or managed.</p> <p>After chemo, the doctor will check your child's health during follow-up checkups. The doctor will ask if your child still has any side effects and will watch for any signs that the cancer is coming back.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>Your child may have many questions about cancer and its treatment. Be honest when talking about it. Use age-appropriate language and encourage your child to share his or her feelings.</p> <p>Kids who are worried about starting chemo might benefit from a tour of the hospital or clinic before treatment begins. Also look for support groups for families coping with childhood cancer. Meeting other cancer patients and survivors might help your family develop a network of friends and supporters dealing with the same issues.</p> <p>Accept help from family and friends, both early in your child's treatment and later on. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/caregivers.html/">Taking care of yourself</a>&nbsp;will help you better care for your child.</p> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Learning that a child has cancer is upsetting, and cancer treatment can be stressful for any family. While it can be a long road, children and teens treated for cancer often go on to lead long, healthy, and happy lives.</p> <p>And you're not alone. Doctors, nurses, psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, child-life therapists, and other members of the care team are there to answer questions and support you and your child before, during, and after chemotherapy.</p>QuimioterapiaLos padres de niños que necesitan quimioterapia (uno de los tratamientos más comunes para el cáncer infantil) suelen tener muchas preguntas y preocupaciones.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/chemotherapy-esp.html/e29307fa-1c83-4d26-98f2-fc8ca94467f2
A Boy Named Finn: A Story About a Kid With CancerThis video for preschoolers with cancer aims to answer common questions and relieve anxiety about hospital stays, medicine, needles, and being separated from parents.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finn-video.html/4587b45f-c7d8-49bd-94dd-bae6cb6515e9
Cancer CenterFrom treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/92fcdf56-6935-42ac-a953-9eaf5f96fe2f
Caring for a Seriously Ill ChildTaking care of a chronically ill child is one of the most draining and difficult tasks a parent can face. But support groups, social workers, and family friends often can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seriously-ill.html/0a9f2c42-b8d4-492d-8b22-6e4af2eeec54
ChemotherapyChemotherapy is a big word for treatment with medicines used to help people who have cancer. This medicine kills the cancer cells that are making the person sick.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/chemo.html/8c03a04e-e4b5-47b3-8476-20d45619a51f
Dealing With CancerIt's unusual for teens to have cancer, but it can happen. The good news is that most will survive and return to their everyday lives. Learn about how to cope if you or someone you know has cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/deal-with-cancer.html/7bc989fa-70dd-47d8-8c21-c5359f1dca38
Effects of Cancer Treatment on FertilityWhile some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-fertility.html/3b409a23-6f4e-47f5-9d9e-63ac4fed8be9
Immunotherapy to Treat CancerThis promising new type of cancer treatment stimulates a person's immune system so it is better able to fight disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immunotherapy.html/1cab6bec-f6ce-4ea5-a4d3-f2fbfc0e4559
Late Effects of Cancer and Cancer TreatmentLong-term side effects, or late effects, happen to many cancer survivors. With early diagnosis and proper follow-up care, most late effects can be treated or cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/late-effects.html/4f0ec7e2-6a0d-4c67-b4e7-f6e15de2816d
Nutritional Needs for Kids With CancerEating as well as possible and staying hydrated can help kids undergoing cancer treatment keep up their strength and deal with side effects. These tips can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-nutrition.html/12411d86-099c-4ca7-acc7-cb61405482f1
Radiation TherapyMore than half of all people with cancer are treated with radiation therapy. Get the facts on radiation therapy, including what it is, what to expect, and how to cope with side effects.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/radiation.html/4711ccb7-ee19-41a4-810b-938ce9b88a7b
Side Effects of Chemotherapy and RadiationSide effects of cancer treatment can include flu-like symptoms, hair loss, and blood clotting problems. After treatment ends, most side effects go away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/96a6771c-22f7-4b52-ae6b-6aa9487bc738
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-oncologyCancer & Tumorshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/cancer/088d4c52-cd61-4cca-af46-82de410d892aCaring for a Seriously or Chronically Ill Childhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/ill/079ac5d4-e734-4351-a7f0-3bd2b4dd9d93Cancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806Medicinehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medicine/32be9cd2-a1c3-4c93-ba8f-8c6c871fdb24Cancer Treatment & Preventionhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/treatment/9b82611a-8da8-4937-991c-407024862b68Doctor & Hospital Visitshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/doctor/f535fe49-643d-4fb4-ad2a-e20a2f64f48d