Your Child's Checkup: 19 Yearsenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-ycc19years-enHD-AR1.jpgFind out what this doctor's visit will involve when your son or daughter is 19.Your Child's Checkup: 19 Years, checkup, checkups, check up, check ups, check-up, check-ups, well-child visit, well-child visits, well visit, well visits, doctor's visit, doctor's visits, doctors visits, going to the doctor, development, physical exam, physical examination, routine exam, routine visit, routine examination, examination, examinations, your child's growth, milestone, milestones, what should my child be doing, 19-year-old, 19 year old, 19 years, 19 years old, 19, nineteen, nineteen year-old, nineteen year old, nineteen years, nineteen years old, turning 19, turning nineteen, just turned nineteen, going to twelfth grade, going to 12th grade, starting twelfth grade, starting 12th grade, twelfth grade, 12th grade, twelfth grader, 12th grader, twelfth-grader, 12th-grader, getting ready for twelfth grade, getting ready for 12th grade, high school, college, going to college, college freshman, college first year, peer group, peer acceptance, sex, sexual feelings, sexual orientation, music, arts, sports, exercise, homework, schoolwork, depression, stress, coping with stress, peer pressure, drinking, smoking, drugs, pregnancy, body image, hygiene, teeth brushing, seatbelts, Internet, guns, gynecologist, adult doctor, drinking and driving, drunk drivers, college, work plans, texting, cell phones, cell phone use, eating disorders11/21/201309/21/201809/21/2018Mary L. Gavin, MD08/08/20175a3b97f5-8ffe-45db-92fc-0da446929742https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-19yrs.html/<h3>What to Expect During This Visit</h3> <p>The doctor and/or nurse will probably:</p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/medical-care-center.html/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-teensMedCare-enBT.gif" alt="Get teens involved in their medical care" name="4873-P_TEENSMEDCARE_ENBT.GIF" /></a></p> <p><strong>1.</strong> <strong>Check <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-weight.html/">weight</a> and height,</strong> <strong>calculate <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bmi-charts.html/">body mass index (BMI)</a></strong>, and plot the measurements on <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-charts.html/">growth charts</a>.</p> <p><strong>2. Check </strong><strong>blood pressure,</strong>&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vision.html/">vision</a>,</strong> and possibly<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hear.html/"><strong> hearing</strong></a>.</p> <p><strong>3. Give a screening</strong> (test) that checks for <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depression</a>.</strong></p> <p><strong>3. Ask questions, address concerns, and offer advice</strong> about:</p> <p><strong>Eating.</strong> Young adults should eat three meals a day that include lean protein, at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and at least three servings of dairy products or a fortified milk alternative. Limit food and drinks that are high in fat and sugar.</p> <p><strong>Sleeping.</strong> Young adults need about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/"> 7 to 9 hours of sleep</a> per night. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep-problems.html/"> Poor sleep</a> makes them less alert and cause problems at work or school. Follow a relaxing bedtime routine and turn off devices, including phones and computers, before bed.</p> <p><strong>Physical activity.</strong> Each week, young adults should aim for 150 minutes of moderate physical activity (like fast walking) or 75 minutes of vigorous activity (like running).</p> <p><strong>Growth and development.</strong> By 19, it's common for young adults to:</p> <ul> <li>develop a sense of self</li> <li>value individual relationships over peer groups</li> <li>become more independent from parents</li> <li>think abstractly to solve problems</li> <li>have long-term plans for the future</li> </ul> <p><strong>4. Do a</strong> <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical-care-13-18.html/">physical exam</a>.</strong> The doctor will look at the skin and listen to the heart and lungs. Young women will undergo a pelvic exam or be referred to a gynecologist. In guys, the doctor will check the testicles for masses and varicocele (swollen veins).</p> <p><strong>5. Update immunizations.</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">Immunizations</a> can protect people from serious illnesses, so it's important to get them on time. Immunization schedules vary from office to office, so talk to the doctor about what to expect.</p> <p><strong>6. Order tests.</strong> Your doctor may check for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a>, high <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/">cholesterol</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tuberculosis.html/">tuberculosis</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/">sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)</a> and order tests, if needed.</p> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Here are some things young adults should keep in mind until their next checkup:</p> <h4>Self</h4> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Make <strong>plans for the future</strong>, which may include <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/after-hs.html/">college and/or work</a></strong>.</li> <li>Continue to <strong>pursue areas of interest</strong>, including art, music, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fitness-13-18.html/">exercise</a>, and community service.</li> <li>Take<strong> responsibility</strong> for school and work. Lean on family members, a health care professional, or other trusted adult for support in areas where you may struggle.</li> <li>Learn strategies for <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress-vd.html/">coping with stress</a></strong>, such as exercise, meditation, or talking to friends and family.</li> <li>Be aware of signs of&nbsp;depression, which can include irritability, depressed mood, loss of interest in activities, poor academic performance, and talk of suicide. Get professional help if you're depressed.</li> <li>Make plans to switch to an <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adult-care.html/">adult doctor</a></strong>.</li> <li><strong>Brush teeth</strong> with fluoride toothpaste and floss daily. See a dentist twice a year.</li> </ol> <h4>Safety</h4> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Always <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/auto.html/">wear a <strong>seatbelt</strong></a> while in a vehicle.</li> <li>Don't <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/road-rules.html/">text</a> or use cellhones</strong> while driving.</li> <li>If you're&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/questions-sex.html/">sexually active</a></strong>, use birth control and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/condoms.html/">condoms</a> to protect against unwanted pregnancy and STDs.</li> <li>Avoid <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/smoking.html/">smoking</a></strong>, <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/e-cigarettes.html/">vaping</a></strong>, drinking <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/alcohol.html/">alcohol</a></strong>, and using <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-drugs.html/">drugs</a>.&nbsp;</strong>Don't use prescription medicines that weren't prescribed for you.</li> <li>Don't <strong>drink and drive. </strong>Never get in a car with someone who has been drinking or using drugs. Instead, make plans with a designated driver or call for a ride.</li> <li>Prevent <strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gun-safety.html/">gun injuries</a></strong> by not keeping a gun in the home. If you do have a gun, keep it unloaded and locked away. Ammunition should be locked up separately.</li> <li>Talk to your doctor if you're concerned about your <strong>living situation</strong>.Do you have enough food, a safe place to live, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/buy-health-insurance.html/">health insurance</a>? You doctor can point you toward community resources or refer you to a social worker who can help.</li> </ol> <p><em>These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.</em></p>La revisión de su hijo cuando tenga 19 añosQué esperar durante esta visita.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/checkup-19yrs-esp.html/73984a1d-424f-4102-b469-b8092bbf1698
Choosing Your Own DoctorYou deserve medical care from someone who helps you feel comfortable and understood. Get tips on finding the best doctor for you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/own-doctor.html/85e1c956-7aa1-4181-929e-677acdb33b85
Does My Mom Have to Be in the Room During My Gyn Exam?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ob-privacy.html/95d5f695-987b-4fbb-9d9f-b6c84b1e9b52
Drugs: What Parents Need to KnowKnowing what drugs are out there, what they can do, and how they can affect someone is the first step in raising drug-free kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-information.html/76baba36-e95f-40b2-abdd-b2848e63f048
Finding Low-Cost Mental Health CareIf you need mental health care but don't think you can afford it, you're not alone. Get tips on finding low-cost or free mental health care in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/mhealth-care.html/1d8bc05d-7696-4dda-910b-0d06f3855508
Giving Teens a Voice in Health Care DecisionsInvolving teens in their health care can help prepare them for managing it on their own as adults.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/teen-health-care.html/3a9f2f21-00c2-4755-92cb-a336b5203acf
Helping Your Teen Decide What to Do After High SchoolHelping to prepare your teen for life after high school is one of the most important tasks you will have as a parent.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/after-hs.html/06645635-a5e2-426e-a563-180bbffd0c5c
How Vaccines Help (Video)Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine-video.html/381d8b32-8c56-41c1-b6b5-247544dcac7e
STDsParents should learn about the most common STDs, how they spread, and how they're diagnosed and treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/1bf6f5c6-ce88-44a0-8a3d-14a1b6756c1d
Taking Charge of Your Medical CareFiguring out health care is part of becoming an independent adult. Here are tips for teens on what that involves, and how to choose your own doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/medical-care.html/68e64ed2-24a5-4eca-8bd4-5e046d46f49b
When Your Teen Is Having a BabyIf your daughter is pregnant and planning to have the baby, many changes await your family. How can you support her through the challenges to come?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/teen-pregnancy.html/eae74285-bb69-4d57-b3f6-3d416447711b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicinekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsMedical Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/medical/58c81291-e7c3-497a-a68c-727ac2678718Checkupshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/checkupsubcat/9ce95f19-e128-447f-9dca-bcb7532253a1https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-teensMedCare-enBT.gif