Cervical Kyphosisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Cervical_Kyphosis_enHD_1.jpgCervical kyphosis is a curve at the top of the spine (backbone). Usually, the condition isn't serious, but a pinch in the spinal cord can cause nerve damage.congenital cervical kyphosis, acquired cervical kyphosis, kyphosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, dwarfism, spina bifida, neurofibromatosis, cervical kyphosis, back problems, spine problems, 02/16/201812/18/201809/02/2019Alicia McCarthy, APRN and Suken A. Shah, MD05/04/201887bf27c4-d943-4a69-a448-1db668c0ddfdhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cervical-kyphosis.html/<h3>What Is Cervical Kyphosis?</h3> <p>The cervical spine is the top of the backbone. It normally has a slight curve to it.</p> <p>Cervical kyphosis (SUR-vih-kull kye-FOE-sis) is when the top of the spine curves in the opposite direction than normal. That can lead to problems.</p> <h3>What Happens in Cervical Kyphosis?</h3> <p>Most cervical kyphosis isn't serious. But if the curve is severe, bones in the spine called vertebrae might pinch the spinal cord. This can damage the spinal cord.</p> <p><span><img class="right" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/cervicalKyphosisEstab_400x300_enIL.png" alt="Illustration: Normal Cervical Spine" /></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em;">The spinal cord is the body's central communication system. It's a tube of nerves that runs inside the spine. The nerves branch out to every part of the body. They send messages between the brain and the rest of the body.</span></p> <p>If damage is very bad, the nerves can't send important signals like telling the lungs to breathe or blood to move around the body.<img class="right" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/cervicalKyphosis_400x300_enIL.png" alt="Illustration: Cervical Kyphosis" /></p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Cervical Kyphosis?</h3> <p>Here are some things parents may notice when a child has cervical kyphosis:</p> <ul> <li>an unusual curve in the child's neck</li> <li>the child has trouble looking up or turning his or her head</li> <li>the child has neck pain</li> </ul> <p>If the curve is sharp enough to pinch the spinal cord, kids might have these problems:</p> <ul> <li>pain, tingling, loss of feeling, or weakness</li> <li>be unable to move their arms or legs</li> <li>trouble peeing or pooping</li> <li>accidents because they can't control when they pee or poop (called incontinence)</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Cervical Kyphosis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>If you think your child has a neck problem, make an appointment with your pediatrician. The doctor, nurse, or physician assistant will ask about what's going on. They will order tests like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-c-spine.html/">X-rays</a>.</p> <p>If the pediatrician thinks your child needs specialized help, he or she will send you to a specialist. Specialists who treat kids with kyphosis are:</p> <ul> <li>neurologists (experts in the nervous system)</li> <li>neurosurgeons (doctors who operate on the brain and spinal cord)</li> <li>orthopedists (experts in bones, muscles, and joints)</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Cervical Kyphosis Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment depends on the child's age and how bad the curve is. Here are some of the things health care providers use:</p> <p><strong>Bracing.</strong> Children may wear a neck brace to treat cervical kyphosis.</p> <p><strong>Physical therapy.</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/">Physical therapists</a> work with kids to help improve flexibility and posture and reduce pain.</p> <p><strong>Pain management.</strong> If kids have pain, doctors and nurses prescribe medicines and other pain management techniques.</p> <p><strong>Surgery.</strong> Kids need surgery when a curve puts pressure on the spinal cord in a way that may cause nerve damage. Kids who also have diseases that make their bones weak or slow to heal may need more than one operation.</p> <h3>What Causes Cervical Kyphosis?</h3> <p>Kids can get cervical kyphosis in three ways:</p> <h4><strong>1. They are born with it. </strong></h4> <p>This is called <strong>congenital cervical kyphosis</strong>. No one knows what causes it. Doctors do know that it has nothing to do with anything a mom did when she was pregnant.</p> <h4>2. Something goes wrong in the body.</h4> <p>This is called <strong>acquired cervical kyphosis</strong>. Lots of different things can cause it, such as:</p> <ul> <li>injury to the bones of the spine or the ligaments around them</li> <li>infection</li> <li>tumors</li> <li>surgery</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a> for cancer</li> </ul> <h4>3. They have another condition that causes them to get kyphosis.</h4> <p>For example:</p> <ul> <li>skeletal dysplasia</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spina-bifida.html/">spina bifida</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteogenesis-imperfecta.html/">osteogenesis imperfect (OI)</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nf.html/">neurofibromatosis type 1</a></li> </ul> <h3>Who Gets Cervical Kyphosis?</h3> <p>Cervical kyphosis isn't common. It can happen to any child, but kids who have it often have another health problem too.</p> <p>Parents can't stop cervical kyphosis from happening. But they can help kids get the best care.</p> <h3>What Can Parents Do?</h3> <p>It's important to diagnose spine problems early. If kids don't get treatment, some may end up with spinal cord damage that can't be fixed.</p> <p>Here are tips for avoiding problems:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>See a doctor if your child has trouble with head movements or neck pain. Neck trouble needs to be checked out to be sure it's not something serious.</li> <li>Go to all medical appointments if your child has cervical kyphosis. Even a small curve can get bigger as a child grows. The care team will want to keep watching for possible problems.</li> <li>If your child had surgery, ask the care team when you should bring your child for follow-up visits. The will check your child to be sure the kyphosis does not come back.</li> </ul> <p>The care team is a resource — for you and your child. They can answer questions and help your child get the best treatment. So reach out for help and answers when you need to.</p>Cifosis cervicalLa cifosis cervical ocurre cuando la parte superior de la columna vertebral se curva en la dirección contraria a la normal. Esto puede dar lugar a problemas.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/cervical-kyphosis-esp.html/234c4d53-261b-4552-a550-a434d2e24d36
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
Compression Fracture of the SpineA compression fracture of the spine is when the vertebrae (bones that form the spine) collapses. People with weakened bones can get them from a minor fall or with no trauma at all.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spine-fractures.html/01ef053b-9115-420e-974a-d14b1e4a8cb2
Congenital KyphosisKyphosis is a rounding of the back that some children are born with. It makes the back look hunched over.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/congenital-kyphosis.html/e38a6d97-14fd-45cd-8759-7c7769c4a3d8
DwarfismDwarfism is characterized by short stature. Many of the possible complications of dwarfism are treatable, and people of short stature lead healthy, active lives.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dwarfism.html/182cc246-49a0-43be-ad15-741b35f5012c
KyphosisYour spine, or backbone, normally curves forward gently as it runs up your back. Sometimes, though, someone's back can be rounded too far forward, which is a condition known as kyphosis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/kyphosis.html/7edf625a-f62d-482c-954b-fc0baae94c00
Kyphosis Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about this curvature of the spine, and how to help students with kyphosis do their best in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/factsheet-kyphosis.html/15654e7b-85a4-4e12-90dd-b2679a1e4791
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Brittle Bone Disease)Osteogenesis imperfecta (or brittle bone disease) prevents the body from building strong bones. People with OI have bones that might break easily.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteogenesis-imperfecta.html/73030c14-5fa1-41d3-8f1d-7fc7136dcc8e
Postural KyphosisPostural kyphosis is rounding or hunching of the back that usually affects teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/postural-kyphosis.html/9e0e0765-bb63-422f-9f09-bdab08da2d29
Scheuermann's KyphosisScheuermann's kyphosis is a condition affecting the upper back that makes it rounded so it looks hunched over. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scheuermann-kyphosis.html/2fac36f0-a377-4804-bd02-67dbc1bb85f8
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scoliosis.html/eb1d36eb-b517-42a5-9d47-7903103cdddc
X-Ray Exam: Cervical SpineThis X-ray can, among other things, help find the cause of neck, shoulder, upper back, or arm pain. It's commonly done after someone has been in an automobile or other accident.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-c-spine.html/2e5c4519-896e-49e0-8100-3dc777f7488f
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-neurologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/cervicalKyphosisEstab_400x300_enIL.pnghttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/cervicalKyphosis_400x300_enIL.png