Cellulitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectCellulitis-enHD-AR1.jpgCellulitis is an infection of the skin and underlying tissues that can affect any area of the body. It begins in an area of broken skin, like a cut or scratch.cellulitis, spreading, skin, face, lower legs, tenderness, swelling, redness, chills, sweats, swollen lymph nodes, tissues, broken skin, bacteria, group a streptococcus, staphylococcus aureus, haemophilus influenzae, shellfish, skin injury, pigs, farms, cuts, bruises, scrapes, shin guards, protective padding, helmets, wounds, antibiotic ointments, puncture wounds, animal bites, cured in seven to ten days, antibiotics, apply heat, blood cultures, pasteurella multocida, erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, dermatology, CD1Dermatology03/22/200002/18/201909/02/2019Marcella A. Escoto, DO02/11/201915292526-b2b5-46b8-ae79-391dbea116c7https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cellulitis.html/<h3>What Is Cellulitis?</h3> <p>Cellulitis (sel-yuh-LY-tus) is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue below the surface of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a>.</p> <p>Cellulitis can affect any area of the body, but it's most common on exposed body parts, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.</p> <h3>What Causes Cellulitis?</h3> <p>Many different types of bacteria can cause cellulitis. The most common ones are group A <em>streptococcus</em> and <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>.</p> <p>Cellulitis usually begins in an area of broken skin, like a cut, bite, or scratch. People who have body piercings can get cellulitis because the piercing hole is a way for bacteria to get beneath the skin's surface.</p> <p>But cellulitis can also start in areas where the skin isn't broken, especially in people who have&nbsp; chronic conditions or who take medicines that affect the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a>.</p> <p>Cellulitis is not contagious. It can't spread from person to person.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Cellulitis?</h3> <p>Cellulitis begins with a small area of skin that's:</p> <ul> <li>tender</li> <li>swollen</li> <li>warm</li> <li>red</li> </ul> <p>As this area begins to spread, a child may begin to feel ill and get a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a> and, sometimes, chills and sweats. Swollen lymph nodes (or swollen glands) are sometimes found near the area of infected skin.</p> <p>The time it takes for symptoms to start varies, depending on which bacteria cause the cellulitis. For example, a child with cellulitis caused by <em>Pasteurella multocida</em>, often found in <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/animal-bites-sheet.html/">animal bites</a>, can have symptoms less than 24 hours after the bite. But cellulitis caused by other types of bacteria may not cause symptoms for several days.</p> <h3>How Is Cellulitis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>A doctor can usually diagnose cellulitis by examining the area of affected skin. Sometimes the doctor may check for bacteria by taking blood samples. Positive blood cultures mean that bacteria from the skin infection have spread into the bloodstream. This can cause septicemia (blood poisoning), a serious infection.</p> <h3>How Is Cellulitis Treated?</h3> <p>For a mild case of cellulitis, doctors prescribe antibiotics. These can usually cure cellulitis in 7 to 10 days. Even if your child feels better sooner than that, it's important to take all the antibiotics prescribed. Otherwise, the infection can return.</p> <p>People with severe cases of cellulitis might need treatment in a hospital with intravenous (IV) antibiotics.</p> <h3>Can Cellulitis Be Prevented?</h3> <p>To prevent cellulitis, protect skin from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safety-cuts.html/">cuts</a>, bruises, and scrapes. This isn't easy, especially in active kids or those who play sports.</p> <p>Kids and teens should:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Use elbow and knee pads while skating.</li> <li>Wear a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bike-safety.html/">bike helmet</a> when riding.</li> <li>Wear shin guards during soccer.</li> <li>Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts while hiking in the woods (this can also protect them from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/insect-bite.html/">bug bites and stings</a>).</li> <li>Wear sandals on the beach.</li> </ul> <p>When kids do get a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cuts-sheet.html/">cut or scrape</a>, wash it well with soap and water. Apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with an adhesive bandage or gauze. Check wounds often for the first few days to see if any signs of cellulitis begin.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor if:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Any area of your child's skin becomes red, warm, and painful — with or without fever and chills. This is even more important if the area is on the hands, feet, or face, or if your child has an illness or condition that suppresses the immune system.</li> <li>Your child gets a large cut or a deep puncture wound.</li> <li>An animal bites your child, especially if the puncture wound is deep. Cellulitis can happen quickly after an animal bite. Human bites can cause skin infections too, so call the doctor if this happens.</li> </ul> <h3>What Can Parents Do?</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Make sure your child takes the antibiotics exactly as directed and for the full course.</li> <li>Follow the doctor's suggestions for treating the area of cellulitis, such as elevating the affected part of the body or applying heat or warm soaks to it.</li> <li>You can give over-the-counter pain relievers such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibuprofen.html/">ibuprofen</a> to ease pain and keep a fever down. Follow the package directions about how much to give and how often to give it.</li> </ul> <p>After your child takes antibiotics for 1 or 2 days, the doctor may schedule an office visit to check that the area of cellulitis has improved. This means that the antibiotics are working against the infection.</p>La celulitisLa celulitis puede afectar a cualquier parte del cuerpo, pero abunda más en las partes expuestas al exterior, como la cara, los brazos y la parte inferior de las piernas. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/cellulitis-esp.html/c6cc687f-38cd-4cda-87d0-4988ba588a35
AbscessAn abscess is a sign of an infection, usually on the skin. Find out what to do if your child develops one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/abscess.html/f31fd7e9-3f18-41b3-9409-0075181f6ca4
Bites and ScratchesAnimal bites and scratches, even minor ones, can become infected and spread bacteria to other parts of the body, regardless of whether the animal is a family pet or a wild animal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bites.html/4e8ac3d1-8055-40c3-8a28-6e240da58db1
CellulitisCellulitis is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue just below the skin's surface. It can affect any part of the body, but it's most common on exposed areas, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cellulitis.html/11d03e5b-f1ac-42bc-95b9-8ed4436e5326
Dealing With CutsFind out how to handle minor cuts at home - and when to get medical care for a more serious injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bleeding.html/dd98d89c-e30e-4b99-8178-bb65cc8e9c3d
First Aid: Animal BitesAnimal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/animal-bites-sheet.html/f4578512-854e-410b-90b8-52926a8846ea
First Aid: CutsMost cuts can be safely treated at home. But deeper cuts - or any wounds that won't stop bleeding - need emergency medical treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cuts-sheet.html/e612779f-fd61-449d-947f-c96066443829
First Aid: Insect Stings and BitesBeing stung by a bug is often just irritating and doesn't require medical treatment. But kids who are highly allergic to stings may need emergency medical care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/insect-stings-sheet.html/86e1ee2e-fa87-43cc-a5a0-4344a72a3a1c
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Household Safety: Preventing CutsIt's important to protect kids from sharp and dangerous items around and outside the home. Here are ways to prevent cuts and other injuries.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safety-cuts.html/5440ae02-1fbb-4adf-a8dd-522628e6973d
Infections That Pets CarryKids can benefit from the companionship, affection, and relationships they share with pets. But it's important to know how to protect your family from infections carried by pets and other animals.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-infections.html/61a65ff3-292c-442e-86ed-364290e0442f
OsteomyelitisSometimes a bad cut that gets infected can lead to even worse things, like a bone infection called osteomyelitis. The easiest way to protect yourself is to practice good hygiene.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osteomyelitis.html/018fa95e-9847-44f8-8128-15ce46ab062b
Staph InfectionsWhen skin is punctured or broken for any reason, staph bacteria can enter the wound and cause an infection. But good hygiene can prevent many staph infections. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/eb617e21-017c-44ab-bc1e-dfa5f4e8cd05
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Wound Healing and CareHow well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it – as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/wounds.html/8698279b-71fb-496e-a138-9564f07e71f2
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61Skin Infections & Rasheshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/skin/5aeb606d-89ae-4a7c-b37c-880aee453419