Childhood Cancerenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-cancerChild-enHD-AR1.jpgDifferent kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.my child has cancers, cancerous tumors, benign, malignant, my child is sick, chemotherapy, leukemia, osteosarcoma, lymphoma, metastasizes, cancer is spreading, radiation therapy, surgery, tissue biopsy, medical tests, laboratory tests, hair loss, childhood cancers, cancer treatments, fevers, infections, genetic conditions, environmental toxins, cigarettes, smoking, cigars, chewing tobacco, talking to my child, my child thinks the cancer is his fault, social workers, support groups, reassuring my child, cancer cells, oncology, CD1Blood Bone Marrow Transplant, CD1Oncology, CD1Brain Tumors, CD1Leukemia, CD1Lymphoma, CD1Blood Bone Marrow Transplant, CD1Oncology, CD1Brain Tumors, CD1Leukemia, CD1Lymphoma, CD1Pain Management, CD1Retinoblastoma03/22/200009/06/201909/06/2019Jonathan L. Powell, MD09/02/2019fb37fd75-d961-43c2-b963-ef6f60486038https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/<h3>What Is Cancer?</h3> <p>Every cell in the body has a system that controls how it grows, how it interacts with other cells, and how long it lives. Sometimes, cells lose that control and grow in a way that the body can no longer control. This is called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/">cancer</a>.</p> <p>There are different kinds of cancer, but they develop in the same way as the cells:</p> <ul> <li>grow out of control</li> <li>develop unusual sizes and shapes</li> <li>move past their usual boundaries inside the body</li> <li>destroy nearby cells</li> </ul> <p>As cancer cells grow, they can make a person weaker, harm organs and bones, and make it hard for the body to fight off other illnesses.</p> <h3>What Is Pediatric Cancer?</h3> <p>Cancer is uncommon in children, but can happen. The most common childhood cancers are:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-leukemia.html/">leukemia</a>. The most common cancer in children is <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/all.html/">acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)</a>.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-lymphoma.html/">lymphoma</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-tumors.html/">brain cancer</a></li> <li>in teens, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-osteosarcoma.html/">osteosarcoma</a> (bone cancer)&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>Pediatric, or childhood, cancers and how they're treated have important differences from cancers that adults get, such as:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>The things that cause cancer in kids usually differ from those that cause cancer in adults (for example, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/smoking.html/">smoking</a>).</li> <li>Kids usually respond well to treatment. Most kids with cancer get better.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/">Side effects</a> of cancer treatments can be more severe and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/late-effects.html/">longer lasting</a>. Children who have had cancer will need careful medical follow-up for the rest of their lives.</li> </ul> <h3>Why Do Kids Get Cancer?</h3> <p>Most of the time, doctors don't know why kids get cancer. In children, a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a> condition, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/down-syndrome.html/">Down syndrome</a>, can sometimes increase the risk of cancer. Kids who have had chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer are more likely to get cancer again.</p> <p>But most cases of childhood cancer happen because of random mutations (changes) in the genes of growing cells. Because these changes happen randomly, there is no effective way to prevent them.</p> <h3>How Is Cancer Treated?</h3> <p>Getting treatment at a medical center that specializes in pediatric oncology (treatment of childhood cancer) can help kids with cancer get the best care.</p> <p>The treatment of cancer in children can include:</p> <ul> <li>surgery: removing cancerous cells or tumors</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/">chemotherapy</a>: using medical drugs to kill cancer cells</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a>: using radiant energy to kill cancer cells</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stem-cells.html/">bone marrow (stem cell) transplant</a>: putting healthy stem cells into the bloodstream so they can make healthy new blood, bone marrow, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> cells</li> </ul> <p>Doctors may use one or more of these treatments for a child who has cancer. The type of treatment needed depends on the child's age, the type of cancer, and how severe the cancer is.</p> <h3>How Can Parents Help?</h3> <p>The main goal when treating kids with cancer is to cure them. While treatment may cause side effects, many medicines and therapies can make kids more comfortable while they're treated for cancer.</p> <p>When possible, involve kids with their own cancer treatment. Use language your child will understand and explain the facts about the cancer and its effects. With a younger child &mdash; toddlers and those younger than age 4 &mdash; saying that they are "sick" and need "medicine" to get better can be enough of an explanation. For all age groups, the goal is to prevent fear and misunderstanding.</p> <p>Many kids might feel guilty, as if the cancer is somehow their fault. Psychologists, social workers, and other members of the cancer treatment team can be a great help in reassuring them and helping them cope with their feelings.</p> <p>Having a child being treated for cancer can feel overwhelming for any family. But you're not alone. To find support, talk to anyone on the care team or a hospital social worker. Many resources are available to help you and your child.</p> <p>You also can find information and support online at:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer">National Cancer Institute</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.acco.org/">American Childhood Cancer Organization</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.cancer.org/cancer.html">American Cancer Society</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.alexslemonade.org/">Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation</a></li> </ul>Cáncer en la infancia Todas las células del cuerpo tienen un sistema que controla su crecimiento, cómo interactúan con otras células y durante cuánto tiempo viven. A veces, algunas células pierden ese control y crecen de una manera que el cuerpo deja de poder regular. Esto se llama cáncer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/cancer-esp.html/bf02e734-5754-4810-ace6-f79e648869d2
A Boy Named Finn: A Story About a Kid With CancerThis video for preschoolers with cancer aims to answer common questions and relieve anxiety about hospital stays, medicine, needles, and being separated from parents.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finn-video.html/4587b45f-c7d8-49bd-94dd-bae6cb6515e9
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood cancer. Because it develops and gets worse quickly, prompt treatment is very important. With treatment, most kids are cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/all.html/70e490be-1dce-4795-821e-c0ba28838828
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) happens when the body makes too many immature white blood cells. Among kids with leukemia, 20% have this type. With treatment, most recover.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aml.html/7f9a5d82-cefc-4e34-8942-a11c3d0397f9
Balancing Academics and Serious IllnessWhen your child has a serious or chronic illness, it's hard to think beyond the next treatment. But with planning and communication, you can help your child balance treatment and academics.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/academics-illness.html/1ea6f392-d068-4cd7-bac5-f257148e4e67
Balancing Schoolwork and Hospital StaysEvery student finds it hard to stay on top of schoolwork sometimes. So what happens when you have to miss a lot of school? This article for teens offers tips and advice.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hospital-stays.html/6934a374-13af-40ff-9f71-c678e35c3dca
Brain TumorsBrain tumors are the second most common group of childhood cancers. Treatment requires a very specialized plan involving a team of medical specialists.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brn-tumors.html/ff2bd11c-a3d8-4bb3-bb58-edd97dd13a31
Brain and Nervous System CancersThese cancers are the most common type of cancer in children. When discovered early, they often can be cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-tumors.html/527c1203-9898-45b5-8dba-3de70f76df5d
Can I Have Children After Cancer Treatments?When chemotherapy and other treatments attack cancer cells, they can affect some of the body's healthy cells too. As a teen, you'll want to know what this can mean to your fertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fertility.html/4543f264-b161-402f-8231-768ae12a4f1f
Cancer BasicsGet the basics on cancer and cancer treatments in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cancer.html/80768a55-ae26-44d5-82a5-675138383191
Cancer CenterVisit our Cancer Center for teens to get information and advice on treating and coping with cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/cancer-center.html/0e8f49f1-135b-4839-9b31-56a9f5193b13
Cancer: Readjusting to Home and SchoolIf you've just finished a long hospital stay, you may have questions about reconnecting with friends and family. Get answers in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cancer-readjusting.html/5473fe0c-b8b9-4657-a320-1ab5d91bb9e0
ChemotherapyChemotherapy is a big word for treatment with medicines used to help people who have cancer. This medicine kills the cancer cells that are making the person sick.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/chemo.html/8c03a04e-e4b5-47b3-8476-20d45619a51f
Coping With Cosmetic Effects of Cancer TreatmentIt's normal for kids to have hair loss, skin changes, or weight gain during treatment. This article offers tips for helping kids feel better about their appearance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cosmetic-effects.html/901f4716-eb3c-4ce8-a36c-e60d8f586450
Dealing With CancerIt's unusual for teens to have cancer, but it can happen. The good news is that most will survive and return to their everyday lives. Learn about how to cope if you or someone you know has cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/deal-with-cancer.html/7bc989fa-70dd-47d8-8c21-c5359f1dca38
Effects of Cancer Treatment on FertilityWhile some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-fertility.html/3b409a23-6f4e-47f5-9d9e-63ac4fed8be9
Immunotherapy to Treat CancerThis promising new type of cancer treatment stimulates a person's immune system so it is better able to fight disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immunotherapy.html/1cab6bec-f6ce-4ea5-a4d3-f2fbfc0e4559
Keeping Your Child Healthy During Cancer RemissionMany families with a child in remission feel empowered to make lifestyle changes that could benefit their child's health in the future. Here are some tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/in-remission.html/cc655777-62dc-4041-b526-053828ad34bc
LeukemiaLeukemia refers to cancers of the white blood cells. With the proper treatment, the outlook for kids with leukemia is quite good.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-leukemia.html/d78fde51-319d-4c82-9476-e1e16f31c187
LymphomaLymphoma is cancer that begins in the body's lymphatic tissue. It's a common type of cancer in children, but most recover from it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-lymphoma.html/0ad821a9-0139-4995-81e6-6c365a632f00
Nutritional Needs for Kids With CancerEating as well as possible and staying hydrated can help kids undergoing cancer treatment keep up their strength and deal with side effects. These tips can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-nutrition.html/12411d86-099c-4ca7-acc7-cb61405482f1
OsteosarcomaOsteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. Boys are more likely to have osteosarcoma than girls, and most cases of osteosarcoma involve the knee.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-osteosarcoma.html/2a1588a0-1908-44bb-9bd8-db63c33806ce
Radiation TherapyMore than half of all people with cancer are treated with radiation therapy. Get the facts on radiation therapy, including what it is, what to expect, and how to cope with side effects.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/radiation.html/4711ccb7-ee19-41a4-810b-938ce9b88a7b
Steroids and Cancer TreatmentIf your doctor prescribed steroids as part of your treatment for an illness, don't worry. It's not the illegal, doping scandal kind of steroid. Get the details in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/treatment-steroids.html/7da1950f-1e2d-4e57-83ad-a0c4672d4ee3
Steroids for Treating CancerUnlike the steroids that body builders use, steroids used in cancer treatment are safe and help kids feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/steroid-treatment.html/2e913244-cf34-4cfd-987f-847382370bcf
Testicular CancerTesticular cancer is uncommon in boys. Most cases are in young and middle-aged men. It responds well to treatment, especially when it’s found early.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/testicular-cancer.html/83424d01-0bb1-4d26-b0e3-cea720c094a7
What Is Cancer?When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/cancer.html/ef4ba8b1-102b-48e8-bce2-e71e8c578610
When a Friend Has CancerWhen a friend has cancer, you might not know what to do or say. Get some ideas in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/friend-cancer.html/f3191162-ea99-46d2-b4f8-a5d218d64081
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-oncologyCancer & Tumorshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/cancer/088d4c52-cd61-4cca-af46-82de410d892aCancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806