Campylobacter Infectionsenparents bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.watery diarrhea, runny diarrhea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, dehydration, dehydrated, bacterial infections, watery poop, runny poop, my child has a campylobacter infection, gastrointestinal infections, gastrointestinal illnesses, appendicitis, pancreas, antibiotics, antibiotic treatments, medications, medicines, contagiousness, contaminated food, chicken, contaminated water supply, campylobacter jejuni, c jejuni, lining of the small intestines, lining of the large intestines, bowel, guillain-barre syndrome, arthritis, weak immune system, food safety, washing hands, handwashing, hand washing, pets, cats, dogs, kitchen safety, food preparation, foodborne illnesses, sanitation, sanitary habits, gastroenterology, gi, gastrointestinal03/22/200004/28/201709/02/2019Kate M. Cronan, MD04/28/20171b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201<h3>What Are <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Campylobacter</em> bacteria are one of the main causes of diarrhea and foodborne illness ("<a href="">food poisoning</a>"). They can infect the gastrointestinal tract and cause diarrhea, fever, and cramps.</p> <p>Good <a href="">hand-washing</a> and <a href="">food safety</a> habits will help prevent <em>Campylobacter</em> infections (or <strong>campylobacteriosis</strong>), which usually clear up on their own but sometimes are treated with antibiotics.</p> <h3>What Causes <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Campylobacter</em> (kam-pih-loh-BAK-tur) bacteria live in the intestines of many wild and domestic animals. They can pass to humans when animal feces (poop) contaminate food, meats (especially chicken), water (streams or rivers near where animals graze), and unpasteurized (raw) milk.</p> <p>Once inside the human digestive system, <em>Campylobacter</em> infect and attack the lining of the small and large intestines. The bacteria also can affect other parts of the body. In some cases &mdash; particularly in very young kids and those with chronic illnesses or a weak <a href="">immune system</a> &mdash; they can get into the bloodstream (this is called <strong>bacteremia</strong>).</p> <h3>Are <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections Contagious?</h3> <p>Yes. Campylobacteriosis can spread from person to person when someone comes into contact with fecal matter (poop) from an infected person (especially a child in diapers). Household pets can carry and spread the bacteria to people.</p> <h3>Who Gets <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections?</h3> <p>More than 2 million people get a<em>&nbsp;Campylobacter</em> infection each year, with babies younger than 1 year old, teens, and young adults most commonly affected.</p> <h3>What Are the Symptoms of <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections?</h3> <p>Symptoms usually start 1 to 7 days after someone ingests the bacteria. The main symptoms are:</p> <ul> <li><a href="">fever</a></li> <li>abdominal cramps</li> <li>mild to severe <a href="">diarrhea</a></li> </ul> <p>The diarrhea is watery at first, but later may contain blood and mucus. Sometimes, the abdominal pain seems worse than the diarrhea. When this happens, the infection may be mistaken for <a href="">appendicitis</a> or a problem with the pancreas.</p> <h3>What Problems Can <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections Cause?</h3> <p>Diarrhea can lead to <a href="">dehydration</a>, so kids with an infection should be watched closely. Signs of dehydration include thirst, irritability, restlessness, dizziness or drowsiness, sunken eyes, a dry or sticky mouth, dry skin, peeing less than usual, and in infants a dry diaper for more than 4&ndash;6 hours.</p> <p>In a few cases, campylobacteriosis can lead to reactive arthritis (a type of joint inflammation) or, rarely, <a href="">Guillain-Barr&eacute; syndrome</a> (an uncommon autoimmune disorder).</p> <h3>How Are <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors may send a <a href="">stool sample</a> to the lab to be tested for <em>Campylobacter</em> bacteria. They might order other lab tests, especially if there's blood in the stool. If needed, a blood test can confirm bacteremia.</p> <h3>How Are <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections Treated?</h3> <p>Most kids with <em>Campylobacter</em> infection will recover without needing medicine. Sometimes, doctors prescribe antibiotics, especially for very young children or when symptoms are severe or lasting.&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em;">Kids should take the antibiotics on schedule for as long as the doctor directed to make sure the infection is gone. </span><strong style="font-size: 1em;">Do not use</strong><span style="font-size: 1em;"> nonprescription medicines for diarrhea without a doctor's OK.</span></p> <p>After seeing a doctor, most kids with <em>Campylobacter</em> infections can recover at home, especially if they aren't dehydrated. They should drink plenty of fluids for as long as the diarrhea lasts and be watched for signs of dehydration.</p> <p>Kids with mild diarrhea and no dehydration should continue to eat normally and drink lots of fluids. Fruit juices and soft drinks can make diarrhea worse, though, and should be avoided. If your child is dehydrated, your doctor may recommend using an oral rehydration solution. Breastfed babies who get campylobacteriosis should continue to be breastfed throughout the illness.</p> <p>Diarrhea usually stops within 2 to 5 days. Full recovery usually takes about 1 week. Sometimes, diarrhea can last longer or stop and then come back.</p> <h3>Can <em>Campylobacter</em> Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p>To avoid <em>Campylobacter</em> infection, use drinking water that has been tested and approved for purity (especially in developing countries) and buy only pasteurized milk and juices. While hiking and camping, don't drink water from streams or from sources that pass through land where animals graze.</p> <p>Wash your hands well before you prepare foods and after touching raw meats, especially poultry. Kill any bacteria in meats and eggs by cooking them thoroughly and eating while still warm. Refrigerate leftovers promptly. Wash cutting boards, countertops, and utensils with soap and hot water after contact with raw meat. Clean <a href="">produce</a> &mdash; especially leafy greens &mdash; before serving.</p> <p>When caring for a family member who has diarrhea, wash your hands well and often, especially before touching other people and before eating or preparing food. Clean and disinfect toilets after the person with diarrhea uses them. Also, if a pet dog or cat has diarrhea, wash your hands often and check with your veterinarian about treatment.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor if your child:</p> <ul> <li>has diarrhea streaked with blood</li> <li>is vomiting</li> <li>shows any signs of dehydration</li> <li>has abdominal pain</li> <li>has a high fever</li> <li>feels weak or has trouble walking</li> </ul> <p>With rest and home care, most kids with a <em>Campylobacter</em> infection quickly make a full recovery.</p> <p> <script src="//" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//" type="text/javascript"></script> </p>Infecciones por campylobacterLas bacterias del género Campylobacter son unas de las principales causas de la diarrea y de las enfermedades que se transmiten a través de los alimentos ("intoxicaciones alimentarias") Pueden infectar el tubo digestivo y provocar diarrea, fiebre y retortijones abdominales.
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kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infections Infections